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How Is Resting Heart Rate Calculated

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What Is Your Activity Level

How to Figure Your Resting Heart Rate

Your target heart rate depends on how physically fit you are. For example, if you are not active and not physically fit, your target heart rate is a little lower than the target heart rate of someone who exercises every day. This tool gives you a range of what your target heart rate is, based on how much you usually exercise.

To find your target heart rate range, you will choose the category that best matches your level of physical activity. The categories are:

  • Not active. You do less than 30 minutes of light activity no more than 2 times a week. Cleaning house, slow walking, and playing golf are examples of light activity.
  • Moderately active. You do up to 30 minutes of light to moderate activity 3 to 5 times a week. Brisk walking, jogging, riding a bike, swimming, and playing tennis are examples of moderate activity.
  • Very active. You do more than 30 minutes of moderate activity at least 5 times a week.

Target Heart Rate And Estimated Maximum Heart Rate

One way of checking physical activity intensity is to determine whether your pulse or heart rate is within the target zone during physical activity.1

For moderate-intensity physical activity, your target heart rate should be between 64% and 76%1,2 of your maximum heart rate. You can estimate your maximum heart rate based on your age. To estimate your maximum age-related heart rate, subtract your age from 220. For example, for a 50-year-old person, the estimated maximum age-related heart rate would be calculated as 220 50 years = 170 beats per minute . The 64% and 76% levels would be:

  • 64% level: 170 x 0.64 = 109 bpm, and
  • 76% level: 170 x 0.76 = 129 bpm

This shows that moderate-intensity physical activity for a 50-year-old person will require that the heart rate remains between 109 and 129 bpm during physical activity.

For vigorous-intensity physical activity, your target heart rate should be between 77% and 93%1,2 of your maximum heart rate. To figure out this range, follow the same formula used above, except change 64 and 76% to 77 and 93%. For example, for a 35-year-old person, the estimated maximum age-related heart rate would be calculated as 220 35 years = 185 beats per minute . The 77% and 93% levels would be:

  • 77% level: 185 x 0.77 = 142 bpm, and
  • 93% level: 185 x 0.93 = 172 bpm

Heart Rate For Exercise

Now that you know how to calculate your resting heart rate, you can also monitor your target heart rate when exercising. Target heart rate indicates the minimum number of times your heart has to beat in order to conduct cardiovascular activity. According to the American Heart Association and the CDC, the normal target heart rate should be 64% to 76% of your maximum heart rate.

Maximum heart rate is based on age. To find your maximum heart rate, subtract your age from 220. This is known as the Heart Rate Reserve method and gives you your target heart rate training zone. For example, say youre 60 years old. You would subtract 60 from 220 and get 160 beats per minute. Next, youd take 64% and 76% of 160 to get your target heart rate zone. Your target zone would be between 102 and 121 beats per minute.

These figures are just a guide so dont panic if your numbers arent dead on. If youre concerned about your resting heart rate or ability to reach your target heart rate during exercise, talk to your doctor. A qualified physician can help you figure out whats normal and what, if anything, you need to do to stay healthy.

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What Is A Normal Heart Rate

A normal for adults is typically 60 to 100 beats per minute. A heart rate that is slower than 60 beats per minute is considered bradycardia and a rate that is faster than 100 beats per minutes is termed tachycardia . There are some experts who believe that an ideal resting heart rate is closer to 50 to 70 beats per minute. Regardless of what is considered normal, it’s important to recognize that a healthy heart rate will vary depending on the situation.

Among healthy people, a slower heart rate can be due to being physically fit, a medication, or . However, a slower heart rate can indicate a sign of disease including heart disease, certain infections, high levels of potassium in the blood, or an .

On the reverse side, a fast rate in healthy people can be because they are exercising, nervous or excited, using a stimulant or are pregnant. The health conditions that are associated with a fast heart rate include most infections or just about any cause of fever, heart problems, certain medications, low levels of potassium in the blood, an overactive thyroid gland or too much thyroid medication, anemia, or asthma or other breathing trouble.

A Quick And Easy Way To Measure Your General Fitness

Resting Heart Rate

by Physio Digital | Oct 13, 2020 | Blog |

A Quick and Easy Way to Measure Your General Fitness

Most people are familiar with heart rate the measure of how fast your heart is beating.

For a typical adult:

A normal heart rate is between 60 and 100 beats per minute.

Throughout the day, your heart rate is changing for all sorts of reasons:

During exercise..

After taking certain medications..

After drinking a cup of coffee.

What many people might not be familiar with is just how much information about health and fitness your heart rate can tell you.

One incredibly useful and easy way to measure your general fitness and heart health is:

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What Should Your Heart Rate Be

Heart rate norms are based primarily on age rather than gender, although men tend to have slightly lower heart rates than women.

The ideal resting heart rate for adults is 60 to 100 bpm. Very fit individuals such as athletes may have resting heart rates below 60 bpm.

Target heart rates can be used to maximize the efficiency of your workouts, as well as to keep you safe. Typically, exercising at 60 to 85 percent of your maximum heart rate is most beneficial.

Exercising at the lower end of this percentage or doing interval training is ideal for fat burning. Exercising at the higher end is ideal for building cardiovascular strength.

To calculate your estimated maximum heart rate, you can use the equation of subtracting your age from 220. For example, if youre 45, then your approximate maximum heart rate is 175 bpm .

You can then use your maximum heart rate to determine what your target heart rate is while exercising.

The chart below shows estimated maximum and target heart rates for various age groups:


What Is A Good Resting Heart Rate By Age

  • What Is a Good Resting Heart Rate by Age? Center
  • Normal resting heart rate values can range from anywhere between 60-100 beats per minute . As cardiovascular fitness increases, the resting heart rate value decreases. Resting heart rate is the number of beats per minute the heart takes while a person is fully rested. It is an indicator of both fitness and general health.

    The below tables provide appropriate charts for RHR as per age and sex.

    Table 1. Resting heart rate values for men

    Resting heart rate values for men

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    Find Your Exact Maximum Heart Rate

    Our research shows that the variation in maximum heart rate within age groups is fairly large. Genetics contribute more to maximum heart rate than physical fitness. Therefore, its hard to make a calculator that can estimate maximum heart rate precisely, and we recommend all of you who want to find your real HRmax to test yourself by pushing yourself to exhaustion:

  • Warm up thoroughly so you start sweating.
  • Do two intervals, each four minutes long. During the intervals you should be too short of breath to talk. Intersperse each interval with three minutes of active rest.
  • Start the third interval, but two minutes in, increase your speed even further an run until youre too exhausted to continue. Your HRmax will be the highest heart rate you reach. The heart will reach a plateau at which it cannot beat any faster, regardless of how much you increase the workload.
  • If you dont have a heart rate monitor, you can measure the maximum heart rate by holding two fingers to your neck for 30 seconds right after finishing the test. Double the number you get to find your HRmax.

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    How Do You Measure Recovery After A Workout

    Calculating VO2-max: Resting HR Method

    Find your pulse on your wrist, at the base of your thumb. Press your first two fingers gently on the pulse and count the number of beats for 60 seconds. Measure it each morning, same time, same place, and record this number in your training log. After several days of recording this, you will know your average RHR.

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    How Does This Heart Rate Calculator Function

    This tool uses the Karvonen formula and some others that are described below to estimate different personalized measures of the heart rate based on your age, resting heart rate and intensity level expressed as a percentage. The maximum heart rate formulas used are: Tanaka, Monahan & Seals max heart rate formula, Haskell and Fox max heart rate formula, Robergs and Landwehr max heart rate formula.

    The maximum heart rate can de discovered by using one of these three formulas:

    • Tanaka, Monahan & Seals formula = 208
    • Haskell and Fox formula = 220 Your age in years
    • Robergs and Landwehr formula= 205.8

    Here are the steps performed by the algorithm of this heart rate calculator:

    1. Calculating Maximum heart rate by using a specific max heart rate formula

    2. Calculating Heart Rate Reserve = Maximum heart rate Resting heart rate value.

    3. Calculating Min. of the target heart rate for the target heart rate range = Heart rate reserve * 0.6.

    4. Calculating Max. of the target heart rate for the target heart rate range = Heart rate reserve * 0.8.

    5. Calculating the Average Target Heart Rate = /2.

    6. Calculating the Ideal Target Heart Rate at the level of intensity specified = + Resting Heart Rate.

    Please note that the ideal target heart rate values displayed are an estimate so they should be considered with reservation. The heart rates differ from one person to another so the estimations presented by this tool do not pretend to be 100% accurate.

    How To Calculate Heart Rate Maximum

    Before we get into the thick of this heart rate calculator, we should discuss the information you need to provide it with to get your heart rate zones and find out if you have a healthy resting heart rate. The first bit of information you need to give is your age. We use this to calculate your heart rate maximum with the Oakland non-linear formula:

    Heart rate maximum = 192 –

    We chose this formula because it is one of the most accurate formulas around. To compare, the commonly used Haskell & Fox equation, Heart rate maximum = 220 – age, was, according to one of its creators, “never supposed to be an absolute guide to rule people’s training.” But you can use whatever formula you wish take a look at our heart rate maximum calculator and input whatever number you want into the Maximum heart rate field.

    There is no easy way to get a 100% accurate answer to the question “How to calculate heart rate maximum?” with an equation – it varies too much from person to person. Scientists currently think it depends on your age, sex, BMI, genetics, activity levels, to name but a few The only way to know for sure is to get a maximum heart rate test from a physician. If you have received a test, input that number into the Maximum heart rate field.

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    Maximum Heart Rate And Exercise

    During 4×4 interval training, you use your maximum heart rate to give the heart good exercise. Our HRmax Calculator calculates at which heart rate you should exercise when performing this kind of interval training. The 4×4 principle can be used in a variety of activites, including running, biking, swimming and rowing.

  • Start with a ten minute warm-up at approximately 60 % of HRmax to get you sweating.
  • Do four intervals, each four minutes long. The last two minutes of each interval your heart rate should be at 9095 % of HRmax, so you become short of breath. Use the first two minutes of each interval to reach this heart rate level.
  • Between each interval, your should perform active resting at a heart rate of approximately 70 % of HRmax. This is the zone where the body clears lactic acid most efficiently.
  • End with a ten minute cool-down with lighter activity after the last interval.
  • Watch our video for further explanation on how to perform effective 4×4 interval training:

    What Does A Low Active Heart Rate Mean

    Resting Heart Rate Chart

    A low active heart rate can mean that a person is not exercising intensely enough to benefit from the activity. For example, if a person is walking or jogging slowly, their heart rate may not be within the ideal range.

    People with no underlying conditions who notice that they have a low active heart rate may want to increase the intensity of their workout to get it within the recommended range.

    However, if someone is new to regular exercise or has a health condition that affects their ability to exercise, it may be better to aim for the lower end of the range initially.

    The American Heart Association recommends that these individuals aim for

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    How Fit Are You Take The 2 Minute Heart Rate Recovery Test

    Heart rate recovery is a great way to assess your fitness level the quicker your heart rate recovers, the more fit your heart and body is. It is one of those factors like Resting Heart Rate and Fitness Assessments that can tell you a lot about your body and fitness.

    The original idea for the recovery had its roots in the Bruce Protocol, which basically takes a short but stressful treadmill test and was able to see a correlation between how fast the heart recovered and how fit or potentially unfit the subjects cardiovascular system.

    Weve found over the years that endurance or low effort activities have very different recovery rates. We enjoy measuring our recovery after a good hard workout, but for general informational purposes only. See below for a sample test and generalized results using the 2 minute recovery from Enhanced Medical Care.

    Why Is My Resting Heart Rate Decreasing

    As mentioned above, a low resting heart rate is often a sign that youre in peak physical fitness. However, in some cases, a low RHR could cause you to feel dizzy or exhausted. If youre experiencing these symptoms and are wondering why is my resting heart rate going down, then you should speak to a doctor. Its also good to remember that medications like beta-blockers are designed to slow your pulse down as they block adrenaline. So always be mindful of what prescription drugs you are taking and how they could be affecting your RHR.

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    Heart Rate Reserve Calculation

    Get your max heart rate by doing a trial max. Wear a monitor, and do a full warm up . Then go for maximum effort, by treadmill running as fast as you can, walking uphill , or using a bike or stationary bike.

  • Get your resting heart rate by taking your heart rate first thing in the morning when you wake up, before getting out of bed.
  • Calculate your heart rate reserve: this is the value when subtracting your resting heart rate from your maximum heart rate.
  • Find your zones. Depending on the workout, the zone you will target will change. Sprint days will target a different zone than long easy days.
  • Heart Rate Tips To Keep In Mind

    How to check your resting heart rate (aka your pulse)
    • Start at your beginning. Before getting overly concerned about your heart rate, Martin says, its best to simply get moving. If you havent exercised much before, start where youre comfortable and gradually exert yourself more over time.
    • Listen to your body. Your body provides other indicators of how hard its working that you need to consider along with heart rate. Pay attention to how hard youre breathing or sweating, and stop if you feel very uncomfortable, Martin says. Devices recording your heart rate have been known to malfunction, for exampleanother reason listening to your body is important.
    • Remember that target heart rate is just a guide. Dont get overly fixated on numbers, Martin says. Ideally, they just push you to work a little harder.

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    What Your Resting Heart Rate Means

    Your resting heart rate will become lower as your fitness level increases. Vigorous aerobic exercise, such as running or cycling, has the most effect on lowering your resting heart rate. Moderate-intensity exercise such as brisk walking has less effect.

    RHR is lowered as the heart muscle becomes stronger and gets better at pumping out more blood per heartbeat. The body needs fewer heartbeats to pump the same amount of blood. If your heart muscle is weak, it needs to beat more times to pump the same amount of blood.

    If you are tracking your resting heart rate and see it rise, there could be several causes that aren’t related to your fitness level, including:

    • Being sleep-deprived
    • Dehydration or in cases of high heat and humidity
    • Developing an illness or a medical condition
    • Mental, emotional, or physical stress

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