Target Heart Rates Chart
What should your heart rate be when working out, and how can you keep track of it? Our simple chart will help keep you in the target training zone, whether you want to lose weight or just maximize your workout. Find out what normal resting and maximum heart rates are for your age and how exercise intensity and other factors affect heart rate.
What The Heart Rate Should Be
Your child’s heart rate is dependent upon her age. A child of 3 or 4 should have an exercising heart rate of around 137 beats per minute. By 5 to 7 years old, the heart rate drops to just 133 beats per minute. From 8 to 11, it is even lower, 130 beats per minute. Finally, in adolescence, the exercising heart rate is significantly lower. A 12- to 15-year-old only needs to get her heart rate to 115 beats per minute when exercising.
What Happens When A Child Pushes Too Hard
Pushing your heart rate up too high is dangerous, Dr. Zahka says. It can cause dizziness and shortness of breath. Exercising at or beyond the maximum heart rate for too long can also cause a burning sensation in the muscles due to a buildup of lactic acid.
A child who has these symptoms does not necessarily have an underlying heart or lung problem, Dr. Zahka says. But signs like these show that he is working beyond his abilities that day under those conditions.
Overall, children are typically good self-regulators unlike adults, who will sometimes push themselves too hard and raise their heart rates dangerously high, Dr. Zahka says.
Most children under most circumstances will limit themselves appropriately with exercise, he says. Theyll slow down or stop when they need to. The important thing is that they know to listen to their bodies.
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Examination Of The Child
- Identify any immediately life-threatening features: assess airway, breathing, circulation and consciousness.
- Consider sepsis. Always consider the possibility of sepsis and refer as an emergency if sepsis is suspected. See also the separate article and the NICE guidelines ‘Sepsis: recognition, diagnosis and early management’.
- Measure body temperature:
- Infants < 4 weeks: measure with an electronic thermometer in the axilla.
- A child aged 4 weeks to 5 years: measure with either an electronic thermometer in the axilla, a chemical dot thermometer in the axilla or an infrared tympanic thermometer.
- Take parental reported fever seriously.
- Temperature 38°C in an infant aged 0-3 months is a red-light sign.
- Temperature 39°C in a child aged 3-6 months should be considered at least an amber-light sign. .
- Do not rely on the decrease in temperature following anti-pyretic agents in distinguishing serious from non-serious illness.
- Do not take the height of the temperature alone as a sign of serious disease in a child older than 6 months.
- Do not use the duration of fever to predict the likelihood of serious disease except when considering Kawasaki disease. .
Normal Heart Rate Chart When Resting
A resting heart rate is defined as a pulse that is taken when you are calm, sitting or lying down, and the best time to measure a resting heart rate is in the morning before you leave the bed. Generally speaking, a lower heart rate functions more effectively and efficiently.
How to Take Your Heart Rate
Check your own pulse by placing the tips of your first three fingers lightly on the inside of your wrist below your thumb. You can also check your pulse by placing two fingers on your neck beside the windpipe. You may have to feel around until you feel the pulse beneath your fingers. Once you feel a pulse, use the second hand of a watch or clock to time 10 seconds while simultaneously counting your heart beats. Then multiply the number of heartbeats by 6 to get your heart rate per minute, or number of beats = ______ x 6 = ______beats/min.
Then compare it to the normal heart rate chart below:
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Is Resting Heart Rate Different By Age
For most of us , between 60 and 100 beats per minute is normal.1 The rate can be affected by factors like stress, anxiety, hormones, medication, and how physically active you are. An athlete or more active person may have a resting heart rate as low as 40 beats per minute. Now thats chill!
When it comes to resting heart rate, lower is better. It usually means your heart muscle is in better condition and doesnt have to work as hard to maintain a steady beat. Studies have found that a higher resting heart rate is linked with lower physical fitness and higher blood pressure and body weight.2
What Is A Healthy Heart Rate For A Child
When your child is sitting quietly, their heart rate is considered a resting heart rate. A healthy resting heart rate can vary by age.
- Newborns 0 to 1 month old: 70 to 190 beats per minute
- Infants 1 to 11 months old: 80 to 160 beats per minute
- Children 1 to 2 years old: 80 to 130 beats per minute
- Children 3 to 4 years old: 80 to 120 beats per minute
- Children 5 to 6 years old: 75 to 115 beats per minute
- Children 7 to 9 years old: 70 to 110 beats per minute
- Children 10 years and older: 60 to 100 beats per minute
It’s likely that your child’s pulse stays within these healthy ranges, even if the pulse feels very fast. Understanding the variations in heart rates and how to properly check your child’s rate can help keep track and prevent unnecessary concern.
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Why Does A Good Resting Heart Rate Matter
It’s important to know what heart rate is healthy and normal at every age in your life. Your heart rate, or pulse, can guide you to discover dangerous health conditions that need expert care, such as some heart problems. But your normal resting heart rate changes throughout your life as you age. Read this guide to learn more about your pulse through every step of your life.
What Is A Healthy Resting Heart Rate For An Adult
A normal resting heart rate for adults lies somewhere between 60 and 100 beats per minute , and varies based on age group and gender. Women’s heart rates are about 2-7 BPM faster than men’s on average.
Generally speaking, you want to keep your resting heart rate as low as possible. One large, long-term study compared men with heart rates above 90 and those below 80. The men with higher average heart rates were associated with triple the risk of death.
People with lower heart rates tend to be more active and get more exercise than others. A young, highly-trained athlete’s healthy resting heart rate may be as low as 40 BPM.
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Why Does The Difference Matter
Knowing that some children have lower maximum heart rates than others could change how schools conduct certain fitness tests, Dr. Zahka says.
Currently, for example, some fitness tests require students to reach 70% of their maximum heart rate.
For a 10-year-old, under the common formula, that means a target heart rate zone of 170 for exercise. But, if a child is genetically predisposed for a maximum heart rate of 180, he should aim for 70% of that, which is only slightly more than 140.
Gender also is a factor for exercise at certain ages, Dr. Zahka says.
Data shows that, at a young age, theres very little difference in maximum heart rates between boys and girls. That doesnt change much in adolescence, but it does impact exercise capacity. Between ages 10 and 18, a boys ability to exercise harder can increase up to 20%.
Management By The Non
This includes professionals working in primary care and also those working in general accident and emergency departments.
- If immediate life-threatening illness is suspected due to obvious difficulty of the airway, breathing, circulation or conscious level and the child is not already in hospital, 999/112/911 should be called and the child should be referred for emergency hospital care. If the child is in hospital, the paediatric team should be called. Basic life support measures should be undertaken by the practitioner.
- Otherwise, clinical assessment, including history taking and examination, should be carried out and any symptoms and signs of serious illness and specific diseases should be elicited.
- Assessment using the traffic light system should be performed.
- Children with any red features should be referred for urgent assessment by a paediatrician.
- Children with any amber features in whom a specific diagnosis has not been made, should either be referred to urgent paediatric care or the carers of the child should be given a ‘safety net’, either detailing exactly when to seek further help or arranging a further follow-up assessment.
- Children with only green features can be managed at home with advice for parents and carers, including advice on when to seek further help.
- Oral antibiotics should not be prescribed if there is no identifiable source of the fever.
Management of specific diseases
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What Is An Arrhythmia
An is an abnormal heartbeat. Most arrythmias are caused by an electrical “short circuit” in the heart.
The heart normally beats in a consistent pattern, but an arrhythmia can make it beat too slowly, too quickly, or irregularly. This erratic pumping can lead to a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, dizziness, and chest pain.
Many arrhythmias don’t need medical care, but some can pose a health problem and need to be evaluated and treated by a doctor.
Related Questions Answered On Yanswers
- Resting heart rate risks/problems?
- Q: Im a 20 year old female. The average heart rate for someone of my age and sex is 74-78 bpm. Mine is 84 bpm.Im not overweight. Im 54 and weigh about 125.What could be the cause of my high heart rate and what risks are involved with such a high resting heart rate?Thanks.
- A: Hi,You are fine. My major in college was Kinesiology, and we did lots of tests and experiments while wearing a hear rate monitor. There is a HUGE difference between laying down, not moving a muscle, being completly relaxed, and sitting up in a chair, or watching TV. As crazy as it sounds, your heart rate can jump up from the slightest things. We did tests where we were just putting a golf ball, and our heart rates were recoded on a computer. Just walking to the ball made our heart rates jump by 15-20 bpm. Standing still, our heart rates would jump up right before we hit the ball, just out of concentration. We did another test where we did the same put, but the teacher offered a gift card to the best putter. Just that added pressure added like 20-30 bpm on our heart rates. You should expect it to fluxuate all day while you are sitting, thinking, walking etc. 84 is fine! The only was to get a true Base heart rate reading, is to lye down, be completely still, and be completely calm and relaxed thats why they say to do it when you first wake up. Simple worrying about what you are going to do later will add 10+ BPM on your heartrate.You are fine!!!
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What Is A Good Heart Rate For My Age
A good heart rate differs from individual to individual, and it depends upon your age and the kind of physical work you do.
Given below is the chart showing normal heart rates by age.
Heart Rate by Age Range
|Approximate Age Range
|15 years or older
However, a heart rate that is lower than 60 per minute does not necessarily mean that it is abnormal. If you are an athlete or someone who is engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity, you may have your heart rate between 40 and 60 per minute.
How To Measure Your Heart Rate While Walking
The easiest way to monitor your heart rate is by checking it with a monitor. However, if you have no heart monitor, you can check it in the old fashioned way by counting your pulse.
1. Heart Rate Monitor
Before using a heart rate monitor, you should set up your goal at what heart rate you wish to work out. Once you have determined your goals, walk to reach your targets. Different monitors work in different ways. Read the manual carefully before starting to use it in order to know and understand how the heart monitor really works.
You can choose a typical chest strap heart rate monitor which has a wrist display. When using a chest strap transmitter, it needs to be in close contact to your skin. You can use water, spit or electrolyte gel to moisten the skin to provide a better contact of the transmitter to your skin. Adjust the strap so it does not interfere with your breathing. Women should place the transmitter under the breast and bra.
You can also choose to monitor your heart rate with the help of a smartphone. Buy a Bluetooth chest strap which will transmit data to your smartphone app. Some types of smart watches have a LED-based monitor integrated.
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How To Take Your Heart Rate
You can measure your heart rate by finding your pulse. The pulsating rhythm of your bloodyour pulsematches the movements of your heart and indicates your heart rate. Using your middle and index finger, press firmly in an area of your body that has a pulse. One of the most common places to take your pulse is on the inside of your wrist. Other body parts that reveal your pulse include:
- The side of your neck
- The pit opposite your elbow
- The base of your toe
Once you locate your pulse, using a stopwatch, begin counting each beat for 60 seconds. Alternatively, you can count the beats for 15 seconds and multiply your results by 4. This measurement indicates your approximate resting heart rate.
Charts Of Normal Resting And Exercising Heart Rate
The heart is an organ located just behind and slightly to the left of the breastbone, and pumps blood through a network of veins and arteries known as the circulatory system. The right atrium is sent blood from the veins, and delivers it to the right ventricle. It’s then pumped into the lungs where it is oxygenated. The left atrium is sent oxygen enriched blood from the lungs and delivers it to the left ventricle, where it’s then pumped throughout the body, and the ventricular contractions create blood pressure.
A pulse is the beating of the heart as it’s felt through the walls of an artery, such as the radial artery at the wrist. Pulse rates can also be felt and measured at the carotid artery located on the side of the neck, the temporal artery at the temple, or the femoral artery on the anterior side of the hip, and a chart showing normal heart rate can be used to check on your heart rate.
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Your Pulse And Target Heart Rate
Your heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout your body. Your pulse is your heart rate, or the number of times your heart beats in one minute. This varies from person to person, and it might also vary throughout the day. Your pulse is lower when you are at rest, and it increases when you exercise.
History From The Parent Or Guardian
History should include asking:
- How long has the fever been present?
- Has the parent/carer been measuring temperature and, if so, by what method?
- Is there a rash? If so, is it blanching or non-blanching?
- Are there any respiratory symptoms – eg, cough, runny nose, wheeze?
- Has the child been clutching at their ears?
- Has there been excessive or abnormal crying?
- Are there any new lumps or swellings?
- Are there any limb or joint problems?
- Is there any history of vomiting or diarrhoea? Is the vomiting bile-stained or is there any blood in the stool?
- Has there been any recent travel abroad?
- Has there been any contact with other people who have infective diseases?
- Is the child feeding normally ?
- What is the urine output? Have nappies been dry?
- How is the child handling? Normal self/drowsy/clingy and so forth?
- Have there been any convulsions or rigors?
- Is there any significant past medical history/regular medication/allergy?
- Is there a history of recent foreign travel, putting the child at increased risk of imported infection?
Other points to consider from the history:
- Level of parental anxiety and instinct .
- Social and family circumstances.
- Other illnesses affecting the child or other family members. Has there been a previous serious illness or death due to febrile illness in the family?
- Has the child been seen before in the same illness episode?
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Assessment Of The Child Using The National Institute For Health And Care Excellence Traffic Light System
NICE recommends that a traffic light system should be used to predict the risk of serious illness when the symptoms and signs have been elicited from the history and examination. Allowance should be made for individual disabilities when assessing learning-disabled children.The following table summarises this system. If the child has any of the symptoms or signs in the amber column, they are at intermediate risk of serious illness. If they have any of the symptoms or signs in the red column they are at high risk of serious illness. Children with symptoms or signs in the green column and none in the red or amber column are at low risk of serious illness. Management of fever should be guided by the level of risk.
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence CG160 Feverish illness in children. London: NICE. Available from www.nice.org.uk/guidance/CG1607Reproduced with permission originally from National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence CG 47 Feverish illness in children: assessment and initial management in children younger than 5 years.