Sunday, November 27, 2022

Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Cost In India

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Nature Symptoms Risks And Cost Of Heart Valve Replacement Explained

Endoscopic Mitral Valve Repair, Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Healthcare Limited, India

Your heart is fundamentally a pump with four valves that promotes the blood flow in your body in the right direction at the proper rate. The heart continues to best and with each heartbeat, the valves of your heart open and close. However, in case your valves fail to work properly due to a problem, you can be considered for a heart valve replacement surgery.

Valves start to malfunction owing to two cardinal reasons including, heart disorder and ageing. If the valve does not open in the correct manner, the resulting problem can be stenosis. In Stenosis, the aortic valve becomes narrow. The valve present in your heart should open properly so that a precise amount of blood can be pumped through it. In case, your valves do not close properly, you can suffer from a condition called regurgitation wherein, the blood starts leaking into other parts of your heart. The particular type of treatment procedure your doctor will suggest is contingent on the involved heart valves, the type and severity of the valve disease such as Aortic valve disease, Mitral valve disease

Pulmonary valve disease, Tricuspid valve disease, to name a few.

You have to consult your doctor to become aware of whether a minimally invasive surgery is an option for you or not. Normally, people who had a heart surgery previously or possess symptoms of some heart disorders do not qualify for a less invasive procedure.

What Is Double Valve Replacement

A double valve replacement is a replacement of both the mitral and the aortic valve, or the entire left side of the heart. This type of surgery is not as common as the others but recommended for complicated cases of valvular disease. There are 4 Valves in our heart including the Mitral, Tricuspid, Aortic and Pulmonic Valves.

The 4 heart valves play a critical role in the organs function by regulating blood flow through the heart and preventing blood from flowing the wrong way. The heart consists of 4 chambers, 2 upper atria and 2 lower ventricles. 2 valves a one-way inlet valve and a one-way outlet valve are located in each ventricle . In the right ventricle, the tricuspid valve is the inlet valve, sending blood to the lungs via the pulmonary arteries. The mitral valve is the inlet valve for the left ventricle, receiving oxygenated blood from the left atrium from the lungsand the aortic valve is the outlet valve, which opens into the aorta.

The valves of the heart are responsible for allowing fresh blood to flow through the chambers of the heart. Each valve is supposed to close completely after ushering in blood flow. Diseased heart valves arent always able to perform the job as well as they should.

  • Fluid retention, especially in the lower limbs

Heart valve repair is also a solution for valvular heart disease. In some people, the damage is too far advanced and a total replacement of the affected valve is the only option.

What Valve Replacement Surgery Procedures Done

Before surgery, the surgeon and anesthesia doctors will guide you about the benefits and risk factors of surgery.

The surgeon will give general anesthesia to sleep and unable to feel pain for the patient. In this valve replacement surgery, the surgeon makes a large incision in the chest to reach the heart and aorta. According to the report, he will decide which type of procedure is best for the patient.

A minimally invasive technique may also be the best option for the patient due to a small cut that will require it. The surgeon will remove the damaged valve and put a new one in place.

Surgical options for valve replacement include:

Mechanical There is stainless steel or titanium or ceramic valves which last too long.

Biological There is a human or animal tissue valve that lasts 12 to 15 years.

Ross Procedure Aortic valve is replaced with the person’s own pulmonary healthy valve.

TAVI/TAVR procedure Transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

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Bioprosthetic Valve Replacement In India

Tissue valves, also known as bioprosthetic valve, are made from donors valves of animal or other animal tissue. These tissues are generally strong and flexible for a valve replacement. The lifespan of a tissue valves is around 10-20 years. Although, this might not be problem for elderly patients, it can be a disadvantage for younger patients.

This is because it is highly likely that tissue replacement valve might have to be replaced once they complete their lifespan. The patient will undergo a second replacement over time. However, the advantage of this type of valve is that doesnt require the long-term use of medication such as blood-thinner.

The surgeon will consider the durability and medication options as well as risks for subsequent replacement surgeries. The good news is that a well-performed surgery has an excellent long-term success rate. It is important to choose the best heart hospital and an experienced cardiovascular surgeon who has a good track record in valve surgeries.

Biological valves are considered to be the best option for people who:

  • Are over 65 years of age
  • Suffer from a kidney disease
  • Cannot take medications for long time as associated with mechanical valve
  • Have job that requires high level physical activity or take part in recreational sport that may increase the risk of bleeding or injury.

The biological valves can be obtained from different sources, including:

How Much Does Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Cost In India

INDIAs TOP Hospitals and Surgeons for Mitral Valve Repair Surgery at ...

Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Cost from top hospitals may start from $4000 in India. This cost can be less or more depending upon the hospital, experience of doctors, quality and type of implant used and many more parameters.

USD 9000

INR 667,000

The cost of valve replacement surgery in India is cheaper than a majority of countries in the world. This is primarily because of numerous excellent facilities for cardiac surgeries and the fact that valves used for the surgery are mostly manufactured and are available within the boundaries of the country.

By giving the highest quality of medical treatment at an affordable cost, India has established itself as one of the most popular hubs to get treatment from around the world. It is especially known for all cardiac surgery, including cardiac bypass, heart valve replacement and coronary angioplasty bypass grafting .

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The Procedure Of Valve Replacement Surgery

During an Aortic valve replacement surgery, an incision is made by cutting through the sternum. It is also known as a median sternotomy. Following the incision being made, the pericardium is opened and subsequently, the patient is placed on a cardiopulmonary bypass machine . The machine helps in pumping through the heart while the surgeon replaces the heart valve. Once the patient is on bypass, an incision is made in the aorta and a cross-clamp is applied. Thereafter the surgeon removes the diseased aortic valve and replaces it with the mechanical one. Once the valve is in place and the aorta has been closed, the patient is taken off from the cardiopulmonary bypass machine. Later, Transesophageal echocardiogram is done to confirm whether the new valve is functioning properly or not.

Why Is Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Done

Doctor monitor a patients symptoms and health condition, depending upon the valve problem the surgeon suggests heart valve surgery. If the diseased heart valve is completely damaged then it is replaced with a new valve.

In heart valve replacement surgery the damaged valve is replaced with mechanical valve or biological valve.

Different surgical procedures are followed by surgeons for this heart valve replacement procedure. Which includes open heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery, Transcatheter aortic valve implantation . The surgical procedure completely depends on the patients age, health severity, valve condition, etc.

For example, TAVI the minimal invasive heart valve replacement procedure is performed in adults whose condition is not enough to have open heart surgery.

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Heres All You Need To Know About Heart Valve Surgery

Heart valve surgery is a procedure to correct heart diseases that occur near or in the valve. In these conditions at least one of the four heart valves are dysfunctional, which are responsible for maintaining the blood flow in the right direction through the heart. These surgeries are aimed at correcting the defects of these valves.

How much does a Heart Valve Surgery cost in India?

The average cost of heart valve surgery in India is approximately Rs.452838 to Rs.598914. However, the prices may vary depending upon the hospitals in different cities. The success rate of these surgeries is between 94 to 97%.

What is the average cost of Heart Valve Surgery in Hyderabad?

The average cost of heart valve surgery in Hyderabad is Rs. 2,40,000. Yet, it depends upon multiple factors.

There are two major types of heart valve defects that affect the hearts ability to pump blood. They are:

  • Stenosis: It refers to the condition of the narrowing of a heart valve.
  • Regurgitation: It refers to a condition of leakage in the valve which allows the blood back up.

There are various diagnostic tests to ascertain the type of valve defect and thereby help in determining the most suitable surgery. They are:

Types Of Heart Valve Surgery
  • Bioprosthetic Valve Replacement: In this procedure, a second valve is implanted when the first replacement valve wears down. This is also a minimally invasive approach.
Factors Affecting Cost Of Heart Valve Surgery

Are You A Candidate

Heart Valve Replacement Surgery With Micra Leadless Pacemaker | Max Hospital

The Valve Replacement Surgery is indicated in the below mentioned conditions :

  • Acquired Heart Valve Diseases for example calcification of the valves, infection such as Syphilis Infective Endocarditis.
  • Congenital Heart Valve Diseases for instance bicuspid aortic valves, narrow or leaking valves.
  • Angina, Rheumatic Valve Disease, tumors of the valve.
  • Enlarged heart muscles known as Cardiomyopathy, increased opening of annulus of the valve, Hypertension and Aortic Aneurysm.

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How Many Patients Underwent Heart Valve Replacement Surgery In India In The Last 5 Years

In recent years, India has emerged as a medical hub for patients looking for affordable, accessible and efficient low cost Heart Valve Replacement Surgery. This emergence is primarily due to the development of state-of-the-art private and public sector healthcare facilities, medical insurance and the ease of access to quality healthcare services. An average increase of 15 to 20 percent annually has been observed in the number of patients in the last 5 years.

Here are the approximate figures of the patients underwent Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in the last 5 years in India:

Planning Affordable Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in India is an easy process.

Our Hospitals Network and Surgery Group are available in 15 cities of India for our patients to access. Kindly fill up the form for a free opinion from our expert cardiology team. You will be provided with an analysis and recommendations for your surgery.NO CHARGES LEVIED.

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Different Types Of Aortic Valve Surgery

  • Open Aortic Valve Replacement via Sternotomy, in which surgery replaces the damaged aortic valve.
  • The replacement valve is directed into position through the blood vessels rather than through a large incision in the abdomen
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation .
  • Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery

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Aortic Valve Replacement Cost in India
  • Aortic Valve Replacement Price
  • Normal blood checks and tests to check surgical readiness.
  • The patient was informed of the treatment and aftercare.

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What Is Mitral Valve Replacement

Mitral valve replacement is a procedure whereby the diseased mitral valve of a patient’s heart is replaced by either a mechanical or tissue valve.

The mitral valve may need to be replaced because:

  • The valve is leaky
  • The valve is narrowed and doesn’t open properly

Causes of mitral valve disease include infection, calcification and inherited collagen disease. Current mitral valve replacement approaches include open heart surgery and minimally invasive cardiac surgery .

Types Of Valves Used In Replacement

Hospitals for Heart Valve Replacement in India

Mechanical Valves

A mechanical valve or prosthetic refers to the artificial substitute of the native heart valve. Like your native heart valve, the mechanical valve to has a ring to support the leaflets.

Tissue Valves

It is a native valve taken from an animal. Before placing it into the human body, the tissue valve is chemically treated and replaced with the diseased valve.

Homografts or Allografts

When a valve is obtained from the body of a donor, it is known as homograft or allograft. This type of valve is beneficial for children and pregnant women as it does not require long-term anticoagulation therapy.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Aortic Valve Disease

Depending on the severity of damage to the aortic valve, a patient may experience mild to severe symptoms. Typically, the signs and symptoms of aortic valve disease only appear when the damage is severe, which also warrants a need for AVR/ Aortic Valve Replacement.

Some patients with aortic valve stenosis may not experience any symptoms at all. The others, however, may develop a few symptoms. The following are some of the most common symptoms of aortic valve disease:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Dizziness, especially when physically active
  • Tightness in the chest

What Causes The Need For Heart Valve Replacement

The doctor will initially try to repair the valve. But if not possible, it will be replaced. The damaged valve will be removed and in its place, a mechanical or a biological one will be planted.

A mechanical valve made from metal or ceramic is robust and long-lasting. But with this valve, you will have to take blood thinners for your entire life.

A biological valve is made from a pig, cow, or human heart tissue. Here you do not require blood thinners. The average life of a biological valve is between 12 and 15 years.

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Does Mitral Valve Repair Surgery Cost In Hyderabad Differ For Different Patients

Mitral valve repair or replacement surgery cost in Hyderabad depends on several factors including the health status of the patient and therefore it may differ from patient to patient. Cost may vary from patient to patient depending on the following factors.

  • Type of the procedure planned
  • The hospital in which the patient is undergoing the procedure
  • Interventional cardiologists fee
  • Health status of the patient
  • Associated comorbid conditions

How Is The Recovery After Valve Replacement Surgery

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) | Heart Valve Replacement Surgery in Hyderabad

The patient will be in an intensive care unit for the first 2 or 3 days following the surgery and the heart functions will be monitored constantly. The average hospital stay is 1 – 2 weeks. A total recovery will take a few weeks to several months, depending on previous health and age of the patient.

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How Is Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery Done

  • You will be brought to the operation room and given general anaesthesia to put you into a deep sleep.
  • When you are unconscious, the surgeon begins the operation. First, the surgeon makes an incision in the middle of the breastbone to access the heart.
  • Operation tubes are inserted in the heart and in the major blood vessels that are connected to a heart-lung machine. This machine will take over the role of your heart during the procedure.
  • When the blood has been rerouted into the bypass machine for pumping, the surgeon will stop the heart by injecting it with medicine.
  • In the event of a valve replacement surgery, the surgeon will remove the damaged valve and replace it with an artificial valve. In case of an aortic valve repair procedure, the doctor will repair the defective valve to ensure better function
  • Once the operation is over, the doctor will restart the heart’s pumping using controlled electric shocks before the bypass machine is disconnected.
  • The breast bone is closed up with wires, and the incision wounds are closed with dissolvable stitches.
  • Best Hospitals For Heart Valve Replacement In India

    The top cardiac hospitals in India conduct both the types of procedures. Aortic valve replacement is carried out when there is a problem or defects in the structure of functioning of the aortic valve. On the other hand, mitral valve replacement is carried out when there is a problem or defect in the structure and function of the mitral valve.

    • Hospitals in the country provide the highest quality of medical care that too at an extremely affordable price.
    • The presence of supportive and highly efficient medical and nursing staff, no waiting time, high quality of care and 24X7 assistance are some of the factors that attract hundreds of patients from across the world to India.
    • There are many hospitals in India that conduct heart valve replacement. They are located in different states.
    • The best hospital for heart valve replacement in India are located in states that are well-connected through all major international and domestic flights and possess some of the highly affordable and comfortable hotels.
    • Hospitals also offer attractive packages to the patients traveling from abroad. This package typically takes care of the boarding, lodging, food, telephone, internet and local traveling needs of the patient and the attendant.

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    Why Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Is Done

    Doctor monitor patients symptoms and health condition, depending upon the valve problem surgeon suggest heart valve surgery. If the diseased heart valve is completely damaged then it is replaced with a new valve.

    In heart valve replacement surgery the damaged valve is replaced with mechanical valve or biological valve.

    Different surgical procedures are followed by surgeons for this heart valve replacement procedure. Which includes open heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery, Transcatheter aortic valve implantation . The surgical procedure completely depends on patients age, health severity, valve condition, etc.

    For example, TAVI the minimal invasive heart valve replacement procedure is performed in adults whose condition is not enough to have open heart surgery.

    Which type of valves are used in heart valve replacement surgery?

    Heart valve replacement surgery mostly required for aortic valve replacement or mitral valve replacement. In some cases patients need more than one valve replaced or repaired. When it comes to valve replacement two types of heart valves are used by surgeons.

    Different types of heart valve replacement surgical procedures are available

    • Open heart surgery
    • Minimally Invasive Aortic Heart Valve Replacement

    Doctor decides which type of valves are the best suited for patients heart.

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