How Do You Know Your Heart Rate
Your heart rate is a measure of how fast your heart beats and is also an important indicator of good health. Your doctor will always make it a point to measure your heart rate whenever you visit him for your routine health checkup or any health-related problem.
While the heart rate is routinely examined by your doctor, you can also measure your heart rate. With the help of your middle finger and index finger, you have to first try to feel and locate your pulse at any of the following places
- The inner side of your elbow
- The base of the toe
- The side of your neck
The wrist is the most commonly used and convenient place to check your heart rate. Once you locate the pulse on your wrist, you have to gently press on it for 60 seconds and count the beats. This is how you will know your heart rate, which will be in beats per minute.
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What Are Heart Palpitations
A heart palpitation is when you suddenly become aware of your heart beating, usually in an irregular way. Sometimes you can feel it in your ears or your chest when youre lying down. Your heart beat may feel:
- too fast or slow
- like its fluttering
- like its thudding, or pounding.
It is not unusual to feel heart palpitations occasionally and mostly they are harmless. However if youre experiencing them on a regular basis, see your doctor.
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Why Does Heart Rate Increase When Exercising
Every part of our body needs oxygen and blood at every single second. This need increases when we induce in any kind of physical activity. At the time of exercising, our body needs a much greater amount of oxygenated blood. This is also because during this time our muscles need more energy to respond to the various calls that we make on them to move our body with increased vigor . This is when the heart has to pump more blood into the body parts especially the muscles. This is the why the heart rate experiences a potential increase and eventually the systolic blood pressure also increases. The systolic blood pressure is the blood pressure in the vessels at the time when the heart pumps in the blood into the blood vessels. Hence, this is also an indication that the heart is working harder to pump in a greater amount of blood into the blood vessels and that too at a faster rate.
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How To Determine Your Ideal Resting Heart Rate
Well-trained athletes may have a resting heart rate between 30 and 40 bpm. But everyones heart rate is different. Theres no ideal resting heart rate, even though a lower resting heart rate may mean youre more fit.
You can measure your resting heart rate at home. Take your resting heart rate by checking your pulse first thing in the morning.
- gently press the tips of your index and middle finger over the lateral part of your wrist, just below the thumb side of your hand
- count the beats for a full minute
How To Manage Your Zone
Tachycardia is the medical term for an excessively fast heart rate. While a fast heart rate during rest may have a variety of causes, a fast heart rate during a workout may simply be the result of exercising at too difficult a level of intensity. Decreasing the intensity of your workout may help bring your heart rate back into the target zone. If you’ve found working out frustrating and defeating, it may be because you’ve been working to the wrong numbers.
What Are Heart Rate Zones
Know your heart rate zones.
In some cases, workouts will call for you to reach or maintain your heart rate in a particular “zone.” There are five heart rate zones, ranging from very light intensity to max intensity. The five heart rate zones are:
Its important to exercise in various heart rate zones to get the most benefits and improve your overall fitness. These heart rate zones can be useful when evaluating your workout intensity, but ranges may vary from person to person. You may notice that the numbers youre seeing dont correspond with the effort youre feeling. You may struggle to hit even the 70% lower end in a vigorous effort, or you may find the higher end feels too easy. This likely means that you will need to adjust your max heart rate up or down and recalculate your target zones accordingly. If its medically appropriate, the best way to reset your max heart rate is to warm up well then do a high-intensity effort for at least a few minutes and see what high numbers your monitor gives you.
Whats A Normal Heart Rate
Most adults have a resting heart rate;between 60;and 100bpm.
The fitter you are, the lower your resting heart rate is likely to be. For example, athletes may have a resting heart rate of 40 to 60bpm, or lower.
See a GP to get checked if you think your heart rate is continuously above 120bpm or below 40bpm, although it;may simply be that this is normal for you.
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Target Heart Rates Chart
What should your heart rate be when working out, and how can you keep track of it? Our simple chart will help keep you in the target training zone, whether you want to lose weight or just maximize your workout. Find out what normal resting and maximum heart rates are for your age and how exercise intensity and other factors affect heart rate.
What Is The Fat
Exercising in the fat-burning zone may not be the best way to lose weight.
On large fitness equipment and some fitness trackers, you might notice something called the fat-burning zone.” The fat-burning zone often refers to zones 2 and 3, where you are working out at a lower to moderate intensity level. In this zone, your body is likely to burn proportionately more calories from fat than from carbohydrates, hence the name.
Does that mean that working out in this supposed fat-burning is the best way to go about losing weight? Not really. Losing weight is a matter of burning more total calories than you take in. At a higher heart rate, youll burn more calories overall , even if more of those calories come from carbs. If your goal is to lose weight, youre better off working at a higher heart rate to burn more calories than you are focusing on burning fat specifically.
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How To Tell If Your Heart Rate Is Too High
In individuals with underlying cardiac disease, prolonged intense exercise can lead to sudden cardiac arrest, says Mehta. These runners can be very well trained and may not even be aware of their condition until this unfortunate event occurs. But for the average person, training with a high heart rate is perfectly safe within limits. Mehta adds: In general, there is nothing dangerous if running at a high heart rate for an extended period. However, there are some signs to be aware of when exercising at high heart rates.
Signs that your heart rate is too high include:;
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Have you ever felt your heart beating quickly during a workout and stopped to check your pulse on your wrist or neck? Your pulse determines your heart rate, or how many times your heart beats in one minute. Pulse rates differ from person to person based on various factors, such as weight and activity level. To get the best results, you should exercise below your maximum heart rate in what is referred to as your target heart rate; this will guarantee that you are achieving the ideal intensity level for your goals. Knowing and monitoring your maximum heart rate while youre active can be a powerful gauge of your intensity level and help you to avoid over- or underexercising.
Heart Rate by Age
The traditional method, also known as HRmax, is a simple way of gauging your maximum heart rate. Start by subtracting your age from 220. Then, use the result to calculate your range.
For example, if youre 50 years old, the calculation would be: 220 50 = 170 . To calculate your heart rate on the high end of the suitable range , multiply 170 by 0.75 to get about 128 beats per minute .
Heart Rate by Age and Gender
Heart Rate by Age and Resting Heart Rate
For example, a 50-year-old with a resting heart rate of 65 would calculate as follows:
- 220 50 = 170 for HRmax
- 170 65 = 105 for RHR
- + 65 = about 144 bpm
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How To Determine Your Ideal Heart Rate
As you can tell, your ideal heart rate is dependent on many factors, so determining an ideal can take practice and self-monitoring. Mehta has this advice: It is important to know that there is no heart rate that is necessarily too low or too high with exertion. I would base these levels more on how an individual feels. For example, when I exert myself too much, my heart rate is 180 bpm, and I feel very short of breath. In this case, training to an HR of 180 appears too high, whereas, for others, it can be normal.;
With that said, there are methods of determining your ideal heart rate based on the maximal heart rate for your age. A simple calculation is 220 minus your age equals maximal heart rate. Two other more complicated, however perhaps more accurate formulas are:
Tanakas Formula :
208 minus = maximum heart rate
Gulatis Formula :
206 minus = maximum heart rate
This number is purely hypothetical since many people cannot attain their maximal heart rate because doing so is simply too uncomfortable. High-level athletes can maintain and even surpass their theoretical maximal heart rates, says Burns.
What Does Heart Rate Measure Anyway
Heart rate measures how fast your heart is beating.
In the simplest of definitions, heart rate, or pulse, is the number of times your heart beats in a minute . It measures how intensely your heart is pumping and can therefore be used as a proxy for how hard youre working.
Measuring your heart rate during exercise is a key tool to help you understand how intense your workout is, says Tami Smith, an ACE-certified personal trainer. By measuring your heart rate, you’re able to gauge your exertion more accurately. For example, you might think that youre working hard and to your max capacity, but your heart rate youre still in a low zone and can push a little harder.
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What Is An Average Resting Heart Rate By Age
When you are resting -;whether sitting or lying down -;you can check your resting heart rate. Provided that you have not smoked, consumed coffee, or exercised vigorously an hour before. Activities such as smoking, having coffee, loud noises, and vigorous physical activity make your heart beat faster for a while, and so you might not get your exact resting heart rate. And hence this may interfere with the correct heart rate.
Average resting heart rate by age:
Children : 70-100 beats per minute
Adults :; 60-100 beats per minute
So What Should My Heart Rate Be When Exercising
Your pulse will vary during workouts.
To find your target heart rate, you need to know your maximum heart rate. Unlike resting heart rate, which is something that will change based on your cardio fitness, your max heart rate is determined by genetics and generally diminishes as you age. Therefore, the simplest wayalbeit not the most accurate for all peopleto calculate your max heart rate is to subtract your age from 220. For moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, your target heart rate will be up to 70% of that max, and for vigorous intensity, youre looking for 70% to 85%. The American Heart Association has a table you can reference to find your maximum and target zones based on your age.
That said, higher exertion isn’t always better, and your target heart rate will change based on your goals. If you want to maximize the cardiovascular benefits of a HIIT workout, aim for a vigorous-intensity heart rate during your “on” segments, allowing your heart rate to drop significantly between bouts. Not every workout is meant to be done at 100% of your ability, Smith says. Theres a lot to be said for controlling your heart rate during certain workouts like a tempo run where your goal is to keep an even keel throughout the whole workout.
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Athlete Resting Heart Rate
An athletes resting heart rate may be considered low when compared to the general population. A young, healthy athlete may have a heart rate of 30 to 40 bpm.
Thats likely because exercise strengthens the heart muscle. It allows it to pump a greater amount of blood with each heartbeat. More oxygen is also going to the muscles.
This means the heart beats fewer times per minute than it would in a nonathlete. However, an athletes heart rate may go up to 180 bpm to 200 bpm during exercise.
Resting heart rates vary for everyone, including athletes. Some factors that could influence it include:
- air temperature
How To Lower Your Heart Rate
Staying physically active by doing moderate to vigorous exercise regularly is one of the best ways to achieve a lower heart rate that leads to a healthy and long life.
Changes in your lifestyle that may lower your heart rate include:
- Reducing the intake of coffee and caffeine-containing products
- Avoiding binge drinking
- Intake of a healthy diet to keep weight under check
- Doing deep breathing to manage stress and anxiety
If your heart rate becomes too high suddenly, and you feel shortness of breath or chest pain, you need to consult your doctor immediately to get medications prescribed for you. This could be a sign of an impending heart attack or other life-threatening heart problems.
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Maximum Heart Rate Calculator
With our HRmax Calculator you can estimate your maximum heart rate based on age and gender. Knowing your own maximum heart rate is important in your own;personal exercise training. It is also of great importance for exercise stress testing to uncover cardiovascular disease. Our calculator will only give a rough estimate, and we also give recommendations on how to find your real maximum heart rate with an exhaustive exercise test.
Max Heart Rate Defined
Your maximum heart rate is the number of beats per minute of the heart when it’s under maximal stress. “This is most commonly calculated using the formula 220 minus your age,” says Santa Monica, California-based Shephal Doshi, MD, a cardiac electrophysiologist and director of cardiac electrophysiology and pacing at Providence Saint John’s Health Center.
“But as you can imagine, there is significant variability not only by individual but also between the sexes and the type of exercise being performed, like running versus swimming, for example,” he says.
While easy to remember, Dr. Doshi and the American Heart Association note that this formula is a broad sweep and doesn’t consider critical components like:
- Changes to your heart rate as you age.
- Medical conditions that may impact your heart rate.
- Medications that can affect heart rate.
- Your current fitness level.
The gold standard for determining your max heart rate is with a true maximal exercise test, according to a study published in the September-October 2013 issue of the American Journal of Human Biology. A maximal exercise test pushes your body to its physical limit while a doctor or sometimes an exercise physiologist monitors your heart rate.
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What Is Considered A Dangerously High Heart Rate
A normal heart rate in a healthy adult range from 60 to 80 beats per minute at rest, Infants and children has higher heart rates than adults in the normal state. The heart rate can rise during exercise, running, high fever, flu, excitement, consumption of nicotine or caffeine, surgical operations, and treatment procedures. When heart rate in adults exceeds 100 beats per minute at rest, then the condition is called tachycardia which has a pathological reason behind. It becomes extremely dangerous for the patient as it may cause heart failure, cardiac arrest, and even death.
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How High Can You Go
If you’re an athlete or serious fitness fanatic, you might like to take your body to the brink to see how it performs. If that’s the case, your heart and lungs are likely conditioned to handle this extreme level, even if it’s just for a brief period of time. But if you’re an average gym-goer, runner or cyclist, you might be wondering how high is too high for you.
According to Dr. Doshi, there is no “single danger zone.” How high you take your heart rate during exercise, he says, depends on several variables, including your fitness level and underlying medical problems. “You need to listen to and understand your body when pushing the limits,” Dr. Doshi says. And be aware of symptoms such as severe shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness or severe heart palpitations, which “are all signs that you need to slow down,” he adds.
Although you can go over the “theoretical calculated maximal heart rate,” Dr. Doshi says it’s important to note that this formula generalizes people and doesn’t correct if you’re an older athlete or an extremely fit person. Thus, Dr. Doshi recommends discussing your needs with your doctor or health care provider. If you’re new to exercise or have a medical condition, they can help you determine a safe zone for getting started.
If you want to train at your maximal heart rate, consider consulting an exercise physiologist who can help you find your baseline max heart rate and monitor you while you exercise.
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