What Is Heart Disease Exactly
The American Heart Association says that a diagnosis of cardiovascular diseasean umbrella term used to describe all diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels, such as heart diseases generally falls into one of the following categories. Its important to note that all heart diseases are cardiovascular diseases, but not all cardiovascular diseases are a type of heart disease.
Cardiovascular diseases affect the heart and blood vessels, and include heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease, a clogging of blood vessels in the limbs that can cause leg pain and cramping.
Most of these health problems tie back to atherosclerosis, or an accumulation of plaque on the walls of the arteries that restricts blood flow.
% Of Women Die Within A Year Of A Heart Attack
Although women are more likely to have a heart attack in the later stages of their lives, they die from it more frequently, as shown by heart attack statistics. For instance, the American Heart Association broke the news that 26% of women die within a year of a heart attack, opposed to 19% of men. Furthermore, by five years after a heart attack, 50% of women die, have a stroke, or develop heart failure, whereas thats the case for 36% of men.
Diabetes Makes Adults Twice More Prone To A Heart Attack
Heart attack statistics prove that adults with diabetes are twice more prone to a heart attack. Whats more, people with diabetes are more likely to develop heart disease at a younger age. Diabetes is quite dangerous since high blood glucose can damage the nerves that control your blood vessels and heart muscles.
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Symptoms Of Heart Disease
What are those all-important signs? Some individuals actually experience no symptoms at all, but if they do occur, these are the most frequently reported signs of a heart problem:
- Arm, back, leg, or jaw pain
Most heart attacks start slowly and involve pain in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or disappears and then returns. It may feel like uncomfortable pressure or a squeezing sensation, or like discomfort in other areas of the upper body. This might include pain in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach and shortness of breath, Dr. Bhusri says.
He adds, Women can experience a heart attack without chest pressure and they are more likely to experience some of the other symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, fainting, nausea, vomiting, or back and jaw pain.
Risk Factors For Death
It is important to understand what is meant by the;cause;of death and the;risk factor;associated with a premature death:
In the epidemiological framework of the Global Burden of Disease study each death has;one;specific cause. In their own words: each death is attributed to a single underlying cause the cause that initiated the series of events leading to death.
This is different from the deaths that happened due to risk factors. These deaths are an estimation of the reduction of the number of deaths that would be achieved if the risk factors to which a population is exposed would be eliminated or reduced to an optimal, healthy level .;Risk factors can be grouped into four broad categories:;behavioral risks, environmental risks, occupational risks, and metabolic risks.
All of these estimates are developed independently. This means that we cannot sum all attributed deaths and conclude that this is the actual number of deaths. The attributed number of deaths by risk factor in many cases exceeds that of those by cause of death.
Below, in our section on Measurement, we describe in more detail how the epidemiologists of the Global Burden of Disease study attribute risk factors to mortality.
The number of deaths by risk factor
The estimates shown in this visualization show the numbers of deaths attributed to specific risk factors in 2017.
The data here is measured across all age groups and both sexes figures for specific age groups are detailed below.
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More Information On Heart Disease
In 2013, The American Heart Association came out with a list of 7 key health factors to indicate ideal cardiovascular health. They include:;
A Blood Pressure below 120/80 mm Hg
60+ Minutes/day of Vigorous Physical Activity for children, 75+ minutes for adults
Healthy Levels of Cholesterol below 170 mg/dl
Aha 2019 Heart Disease And Stroke Statistics
- Benjamin EJ, Muntner P, Alonso A, et al.
- Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2019 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2019;Jan 31:.
The following are key points to remember about this annual update on the statistics regarding heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular risk factors:
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Heart Disease Communications Kit
With the support of health professionals like you, the Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention is better able to educate the public about heart disease prevention.
The social media messages and graphics below can help your audiences understand the basics of heart disease, including its related conditions, ways to reduce risk, and treatment.
Help DHDSP spread awareness by sharing these resources on your social media pages.
High Blood Pressure Causes 47% Of Coronary Heart Diseases
As its other name, silent killer, indicates, high blood pressure rarely shows any symptoms. However, if not controlled, it can be harmful and even accelerate the heart attack frequency. Measuring it is the only way to know whether you have it. One should also aim to make some lifestyle changes or take some medicine to lower hypertension and reduce the risk of a heart attack.
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It’s Easy To Get The Care You Need
See a Premier Physician Network provider near you.
While heart disease death rates in the U.S. have declined steadily over the last several decades, youre still more likely to die of heart disease than any other cause.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , an American dies every 36 seconds from cardiovascular disease. And heart disease, which comes in various forms, continues to be the leading cause of death in the U.S. for men, women, and members of most racial and ethnic groups, the CDC reports.
Heart disease is also a major cause of disability in the U.S. and the leading cause of death worldwide accounting for one-third of deaths in 2019, according to a report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
From 1990 to 2019, heart disease diagnoses nearly doubled worldwide, from 271 million to 523 million, and the number of heart disease deaths rose from 12.1 million to 18.6 million, the report adds.
And the American Heart Association reports that between 2015 and 2018, 126.9 million American adults had some form of cardiovascular disease.
Yet, the age-adjusted death rate for heart disease has been in the U.S., from 588.8 deaths per 100,000 population in 1950 to 165 deaths per 100,000 in 2017. Since then, the heart disease death rate has continued to decrease, according to the CDC, to 163.6 in 2018 and 161.5 in 2019.
Ohio, though, is above the national rate, ranking 12th in the U.S. at 186.2 heart disease deaths per 100,000.
Heart Disease: Facts Statistics And You
Heart disease refers to a variety of conditions that affect the heart from infections to genetic defects and blood-vessel diseases.
Most heart disease can be prevented with healthy lifestyle choices, yet its still the number one health threat in the world.
See the numbers behind this condition, learn the risk factors, and find out how to prevent heart disease.
Heart disease is responsible for most deaths worldwide for both men and women of all races.
As of 2018,
, approximately every 40 seconds an American will have a heart attack. Every year, 805,000 Americans have a heart attack, 605,000 of them for the first time.
About 12 percent of people who have a heart attack will die from it.
Coronary artery disease, a blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart, is the most common type of heart disease. Coronary heart disease affects about 18.2 million Americans age 20 and older, and it killed nearly 366,000 in 2017.
Heart disease is the number one cause of death for most racial and ethnic groups. In 2015, it was responsible for of deaths in white people and 23.5 percent in Black people.
In 2017, death rates from heart disease in Black men were 202.8 deaths per 100,000 people . That compared to 274.5 deaths per 100,000 for white males. The death rates for Black women were 165.5 per 100,000, and for white women they were 231.4 per 100,000.
These are some of the more common heart disease risks:
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What About Race And Hispanic Origin
Race and Hispanic origin are reported separately on death certificates. This means that mortality data for each race can include persons of Hispanic origin, and mortality data for Hispanic origin can include persons of any race. In Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update, unless otherwise specified, deaths of Hispanic origin are included in the totals for whites, blacks, American Indians/Alaska Natives and Asian/Pacific Islanders. Data for Hispanic persons include all persons of Hispanic origin of any race. Data in Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update are as reported by government agencies or as reported by specific epidemiological studies. In many cases, data for Hispanics are not available. Data for Mexican Americans is more likely to be reported because data is harder to find for all Hispanics.
Health Cost In America
- From 2016 to 2017, the direct and indirect costs associated with cardiovascular disease were $363.4 billion. That includes $216 billion in direct costs and $147.4 billion in lost productivity and mortality.
- Cardiovascular disease and stroke accounted for 13% of all healthcare expenditures from 2014 to 2015, more than any other diagnostic group.
- Heart attacks and coronary heart disease were two of the 10 most costly conditions that were treated in U.S. hospitals in 2013, tallying a respective $12.1 billion and $9 billion.
- The National Institutes of Health is projected to spend $1.6 billion on heart disease research in 2022, with an additional $430 million focused specifically on coronary heart disease.
- Nearly one in six U.S. healthcare dollars is spent on cardiovascular care.
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Widowmaker Heart Attack Survival Statistics Point To A 12% Survival Rate
One of the most horrifying heart attacks is the widowmaker. For those of you who dont know what that isits a heart attack caused by a blockage in the main artery, which comes down the front of the heart. Based on widowmaker heart attack statistics, if one experiences this kind of heart attack outside of the hospital, their survival rate is only 12%.
Reduce Your Risk Of Heart Disease
Although heredity plays a role in determining your risk for heart disease, several preventable risk factors are in your control, no matter your race, ethnicity, or gender. You can start out by scheduling regular check-ups with your health care provider and getting advice on controlling your risk factors, such as:
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Heart Disease Stroke Remain Top Killers In Us Worldwide
While the U.S. has made progress in reducing mortality from heart attacks and strokes, cardiovascular disease continues to be the nations top cause of death, according to new statistics released in December.
Compiled by the American Heart Association, in partnership with agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health, the 2016 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update found that in the U.S. in 2013, nearly 801,000 people died from heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, which translates into one out of every three U.S. deaths.
Heart disease, in particular, continued to be the leading cause of death in the U.S., killing more than 370,000 Americans every year, even though the death rate from heart disease has fallen by about 38 percent between 2003 and 2013. Findings from the 2016 statistics update were published in December in the journal Circulation.
We have been making progress, Mark Creager, MD, American Heart Association president, told The Nations Health. But we have a long way to go the battle is not won.
The statistics update reported that about 2,200 Americans die each day from heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases, or about one person every 40 seconds. Nearly half of black adults 48 percent of women and 46 percent of men are living with some form of cardiovascular disease. In addition, heart disease, in particular, is the top killer of U.S. women.
Heart Disease Deaths Vary By Sex Race And Ethnicity
Heart disease is the;leading cause;of death for people of most racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including African American, American Indian, Alaska Native, Hispanic, and white men. For women from the Pacific Islands and Asian American, American Indian, Alaska Native, and Hispanic women, heart disease is second only to cancer.5
Below are the percentages of all deaths caused by heart disease in 2015, listed by ethnicity, race, and sex.5
|Race of Ethnic Group|
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Causes Of Death By Category
The share of deaths from infectious diseases are declining; a larger share is dying from NCDs
In the visualization we see the distribution of global deaths broken down by three broad categories:
- 1 in yellow: Injuries caused by road accidents, homicides, conflict deaths, drowning, fire-related accidents, natural disasters and suicides.
- 2 in blue: Non-communicable diseases. These are often chronic, long-term illnesses and include cardiovascular diseases , cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases .
- 3 In red: Communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis together with maternal deaths, neonatal deaths and deaths from malnutrition.
This is shown for global deaths as the default, but can be viewed for any country or region using the change country toggle on the interactive chart.
At a global level we see that the majority of deaths are caused by;non-communicable diseases;. Collectively NCDs account for more than 73% of global deaths. As the world is making progress in the fight against many infectious diseases, and as populations age, we expect that NCDs will become increasingly dominant as the cause of death.
Related chart the death rate from causes of death.This chart shows the death rate from infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases and injuries over time.
Heart Disease Occurs More Often As Canadians Age
The prevalence of diagnosed ischemic heart disease increases as people age and is higher among men than women in all age groups.
Similar patterns are observed for acute myocardial infarction and heart failure . For instance, the prevalence and incidence of acute myocardial infarction among men 2544 years of age are on average about four times higher than those of women in the same age group. Nonetheless, as women and men get older than 65 years old, the gap in prevalence and incidence lessens. In fact, in 2012/13, there is almost twice as many women aged 85 years and older newly diagnosed with ischemic heart disease than men of the same age. As women live longer than men, they are more likely to be diagnosed with a heart condition in the old age.
Figure 4: Prevalence of ischemic heart disease among people aged 20 years and older, by sex and age group, Canada,* 2012/13
* Data from Yukon were not available. Notes: The 95% confidence interval shows an estimated range of values which is likely to include the true value 19 times out of 20.: Public Health Agency of Canada, using Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System data files contributed by provinces and territories, May 2016.
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American Heart Disease Statistics
- 1 out of every 4 deaths in the United States is a result of cardiovascular disease. Thats a death every 37 seconds.
- High blood pressure is the more prevalent heart disease in the U.S., as 45% of the population have been diagnosed with hypertension.
- Approximately 18.2 million U.S. adults have coronary artery disease, and 805,000 Americans have a heart attack each year.
Cnbc Health & Science
Only heart disease and cancer killed more people in the U.S. than Covid-19 in 2020 heart disease killed 690,882 people and cancer killed 598,932.
Covid-19 replaced suicide among the top 10 leading causes of death in the U.S., the study found. Overall, the annual death rate increased by nearly 16% in 2020 compared with a year earlier, the first time it’s grown since 2017, the CDC said.
The highest annual death rates were reported among men, people ages 85 and older, and people who are non-Hispanic Black and American Indian and Alaskan Native, the CDC said.
However, when looking at Covid-19 alone, Hispanic and American Indian and Alaskan Native people, as well as those ages 85 and older, died from the disease at higher rates compared with every other group. Men died from Covid-19 at a higher rate than women.
CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said following the study’s release that the findings should serve “as a catalyst” for Americans to drive down the spread of the virus and get vaccinated once it’s their turn.
“I know this is not easy and so many of us are frustrated with the disruption this pandemic has had on our everyday lives, but we can do this as a nation working together,” Walensky said during a White House Covid-19 press briefing Wednesday.
A small proportion of them 2.5% of the certificates documented conditions that aren’t currently associated with Covid-19, the CDC found.
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