What Is The Treatment For Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest can be treated and reversed, but emergency action must take place immediately. Survival can be as high as 90 percent if treatment is initiated within the first minutes after sudden cardiac arrest. The rate decreases by about 10 percent each minute longer. Those who survive have a good long-term outlook.
What Is Heart Attack
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, happens when blood is blocked from reaching the heart muscle . Deprived of oxygen and nutrients, the heart muscle dies and the affected heart chamber can no longer effectively pump blood through the body. Canine heart attacks have been seen in all breeds and are very rare. Increased risk for heart attack can be seen accompanying heart disease, congenital heart abnormalities, and genetic predisposition. Heart attacks require emergency medical attention and can result in sudden death.Canine heart attacks have been seen in all breeds and are very rare. If you notice symptoms of a heart attack in your dog, keep calm and contact a veterinarian immediately.
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Heart Attack Statistics You Must Be Aware Of In 2021
Cardiovascular diseases are heart and blood vessel conditions that remain the leading cause of premature death. To emphasize, heart attack statistics show that four out of five deaths related to CVD are due to heart attacks and strokes. In general, people at risk of developing CVD often suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.
Identifying those at the highest risk of developing one of these cardiovascular diseases and starting appropriate treatment can prevent further complications or even death. Here, we have a collection of the most critical facts and stats related to heart attacks.
Can Coughing Help You Survive A Heart Attack
This is generally not helpful, according to the American Heart Association. In a hospital setting, a nurse or physician may instruct someone to cough forcefully and repetitively during the initial seconds of a sudden heart rhythm problem. This is to try to maintain blood flow to the brain for a few seconds. Outside of a hospital, coughing really isn’t useful and “cough CPR” is a myth.
Heart Attack Symptoms In Women Vs Men
Women are more likely than men to have silent heart attacks and heart attacks without chest pain. Heart attacks are also more likely to start when a woman is at rest or experiencing mental stress.
That means its especially important for women to watch out for symptoms like shortness of breath, extreme fatigue, nausea or vomiting, or pain in the jaw, arms or back.
Also, we now know that young women are particularly prone to a type of heart event called a spontaneous coronary artery dissection , which we talk about in more depth below.
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How Is Sudden Cardiac Arrest Node Different From A Heart Attack
Sudden cardiac arrest is not a heart attack. Heart attacks occur when there is a blockage in one or more of the coronary arteries, preventing the heart from receiving enough oxygen-rich blood. If the oxygen in the blood cannot reach the heart muscle, the heart becomes damaged.
In contrast, sudden cardiac arrest occurs when the electrical system to the heart malfunctions and suddenly becomes very irregular. The heart beats dangerously fast. The ventricles may flutter or quiver , and blood is not delivered to the body. In the first few minutes, the greatest concern is that blood flow to the brain will be reduced so drastically that a person will lose consciousness. Death follows unless emergency treatment is begun immediately.
Emergency treatment includes cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defibrillation. CPR keeps enough oxygen in the lungs and gets it to the brain until the normal heart rhythm is restored with an electric shock to the chest . Portable defibrillators used by emergency personnel, or public access defibrillators may help save the persons life.
% Of Women Die Within A Year Of A Heart Attack
Although women are more likely to have a heart attack in the later stages of their lives, they die from it more frequently, as shown by heart attack statistics. For instance, the American Heart Association broke the news that 26% of women die within a year of a heart attack, opposed to 19% of men. Furthermore, by five years after a heart attack, 50% of women die, have a stroke, or develop heart failure, whereas thats the case for 36% of men.
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Compared To Men Women Receive Half The Number Of Heart Attack Treatments
Does having a heart attack shorten your life? Well, it might, especially for women. Specifically, about 15% of women whove experienced a heart attack received coronary revascularisation , compared to 34% of men. Shockingly, only 16% of women received preventative treatment , opposed to 26% of their male counterparts.
One In Five Heart Attacks Is Silent
As strange as it may sound, heart attack stats verify that approximately one in five heart attacks is silent. That being the case, a person isnt aware of the damage done. Thats why knowing the signs, like neck pain, chest pain, heartburn, nausea, shortness of breath, or indigestion, is extremely important. Since being cautious is of great essence, call 911 even if you dont know for sure whether you are having a heart attack. Additionally, a good medical alert system might come in handy so that you can get emergency help.
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Why Does A Massive Heart Attack Happen
A massive heart attack happens because the artery that branches off from your aorta gets blocked and backs up. This is what makes it so fatal, as there’s often little to no warning before symptoms set
Why does a massive heart attack happen?
Due to the presence of atherosclerosis, which is a chronic inflammatory disease in the arteries.
One of the most common causes of heart attack among adults is ruptured plaque within an artery in the cardiovascular system. The plaque builds up over time and can rupture due to stress or sudden decreases in blood flow with toxins released into circulation leading to the death of surrounding tissue.
Thankfully, most people are at very low risk for a second heart attack – the vast majority are not.
Then how is it possible to have a second one? It’s possible due to uncontrolled high blood pressure. If you chronically have high blood pressure- some experts say up to 140/90 over many years- then constant stress on your heart can cause some damage. Your arteries weaken and this makes them more likely to rupture when additional pressure is applied in some way, for example during periods of acute hypertension or severe exercise. If one artery ruptures, the force of the sudden surge of blood flow could “pull” on another nearby artery until it ruptures as well, causing an even more serious situation.
A massive heart attack is a physician’s name for uncontrolled and dangerous levels of coronary blood flow.
Causes Of Coronary Artery Disease
When you are young, your coronary arteries usually have smooth healthy walls. As you get older, the inner lining of your coronary arteries comes under attack from risk factors like toxins from cigarette smoke, mechanical injury from high blood pressure, high cholesterol or blood sugar from a diet high in saturated fats and sugars, and lack of exercise. These injuries start a chain of events that lead to the build-up of fatty streaks in your coronary arteries.
There are a number of factors that are known to increase your risk of coronary artery disease. Some risk factors you cant do anything about include age, ethnicity, gender, personal or family history of heart attack or stroke.
Other risk factors are within your power to change, such as smoking, high cholesterol, high blood sugar , high blood pressure, being overweight, physical inactivity, poor nutrition and poor mental health and wellbeing.
There are choices you can make today to better manage your coronary artery disease and help to lower your risk of having another heart attack.
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Heart Attack Questions And Advice From Veterinary Professionals
I dont know
After a dog has a heart attack can they go into a coma ?
Dr. Michele K. DVM
Thank you for your question. I wouldn’t say that a dog would have a heart attack and survive, but with heart disease, they can become unresponsive, yes. If this is your dog that you were asking about, it would be best to have your dog seen by a veterinarian immediately. I hope that all goes well.
Every 36 Seconds A Person Dies From Cardiovascular Disease In The Us
Generally speaking, people in the US experience heart attacks frequently. After learning that theres a heart attack every 40 seconds in the US, we offer you another critical piece of information. Namely, a person dies from cardiovascular disease every 36 seconds in the US, according to the heart attack mortality rate.
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Diagnosis Of Heart Attack In Dogs
If you notice symptoms of a heart attack in your pet
, keep calm and carefully wrap the pet in a blanket to calm him. Do not attempt CPR unless you have been professionally trained and know it is necessary. CPR can do more harm than good if it is not needed. Do not attempt to feed or give water in case of vomiting/asphyxiation. Keep young children away from the pet as pain and panic can cause aggressive behavior.
Calmly place your palm on the left side of the chest to feel the heart rate. Count the number of beats in 15 seconds and multiply your answer by 4. This gives you the number of beats per minute. Normal heart rate in dogs will be around 60-140 beats per minute depending on their size. Transport your pet to the veterinarian as soon as you can.
If your pet collapses
, keep calm and carefully wrap her in a blanket and transport her to the veterinary clinic. Try to keep the events leading up to the collapse in your mind so you can report them to the veterinarian.
The veterinarian will collect any history as to what led up to the symptoms or collapse event. The vet will listen to the heart for any murmur, irregular pulse, or arrhythmia. Laboratory diagnostics can reveal valuable information as to cardiac function and possible causes of symptoms you are observing.
Where Is Your Heart Located
The heart is located in the left side of the chest between the left and right lungs. It is behind the left side part of the breastbone, medial to the lungs and on the posterior side of the sternum. The heart occupies the left side of the chest.
Two thirds of its mass is on the left side while the rest is on the right side of the chest. If you want to find out the size of your heart, then just close your fist and thats approximately the size of your heart.
It is important to pinpoint the location of the heart to distinguish if the pain in the chest has something to do with the heart or not. A heart pain is a pressure or pain right in the exact position of the heart.
However, there are rare instances wherein heart attack pain is not necessarily felt in the exact position of the heart. In fact, not all pain in the chest area is heart related. Some of the reasons for chest pain other than heart attack include the following:
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease
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Don’t Anticipate Heart Attack
It is not enough to know about fatal massive heart attack, its symptoms, presentation etc if this knowledge fills you with a negative anticipation.
Dont anticipate to suffer a heart attack
Resolve to reverse your heart disease!
Resolve to refuse suffering a heart attack. Know about massive heart attack but also know that
What Happens To The Coronary Artery In Atherosclerosis
In coronary artery disease , injury to the intima of the artery leads to the formation of plaques, which are regions of thickening on the inner lining of the artery. How then do the plaques form? In response to the injury, the smooth muscle cells from the media and perhaps from the adventitia move into the intima. In the intima, these SMCs reproduce themselves and make connective tissue. These processes of migration, division, and synthesis, which collectively are referred to as intimal proliferation , cause thickening of the intima. When cholesterol, other fats, and inflammatory cells, such as white blood cells, enter the proliferating, thickened intima, the result is an atherosclerotic plaque. Then, as these plaques grow, they accumulate scar tissue and abundant calcium. Hence, the plaques are often hard, which is why atherosclerosis is sometimes referred to as “hardening of the arteries.”
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% Of The Hospital Visits Related To Snow Shoveling Are Due To Heart Problems Including Heart Attacks
In the US, around 100 men die during snow shoveling or after it. According to Cleveland Clinic, every year, over 11,000 people visit the hospital with injuries due to snow shoveling. To be more specific, shoveling snow heart attack statistics report that 7% of those people experience cardiac problems, and a substantial part of thema heart attack.
What Is The Survival Rate
A massive heart attack is one of the leading causes of death. The survival rate is low. To significantly improve the patients recovery from a heart attack, it is important for the patient to receive timely and appropriate care. Time is of utmost important when dealing with a massive heart attack. It is a must to know the early signs and symptoms of heart attack.
Survival Rates : Death rate is high as 40 50 % in patients even with treatment
Reference : Hursts the Heart and Braunwald
If you feel like something is not right, you need to see your doctor right away to closely and professionally monitor your condition. After a heart attack, some people can live for many years provided they strictly adhere to their doctors prescription.
Lifestyle and diet modification also plays a very important role in the patients recovery. The patients survival rate is determined by the following factors:
- Extent of damage
- Patients pre-existing medical condition
Why is it important to consult your doctor?
If you notice something painful in your chest and other parts of the body where delicate organs are situated, you need to immediately consult your doctor. Any types of pain, especially chest pain should not be taken lightly.
Pain is your bodys way of telling you that something is not right and that you need to take the necessary action. Chest pain could indicate a life-threatening condition considering that there are sensitive and vital organs in the chest.
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What Is Cardiac Arrest
Sudden cardiac arrest occurs suddenly and often without warning. It is triggered by an electrical malfunction in the heart that causes an irregular heartbeat . With its pumping action disrupted, the heart cannot pump blood to the brain, lungs and other organs. Seconds later, a person loses consciousness and has no pulse. Death occurs within minutes if the victim does not receive treatment.
What Is A Sudden Medical Emergency
What is the Sudden Medical Emergency Defense? Most states recognize the sudden medical emergency defense, which can relieve a driver from liability if they suffer an unforeseen medical emergency that causes a car accident. that the loss of consciousness was caused by an unforeseeable medical emergency.
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Who Is At Risk For Sudden Cardiac Arrest
You are at higher risk for SCA if you
- Have coronary artery disease . Most people with SCA have CAD. But CAD usually doesn’t cause symptoms, so they may not know that they have it.
- Are older your risk increases with age
- Are a man it is more common in men than women
- Are Black or African American, especially if you have other conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease
- Have a personal history of heartbeats that aren’t regular
- Have a personal or family history of SCA or inherited disorders that can cause arrhythmia
- Have a problem with drug or alcohol use
- Have had a heart attack
- Have heart failure
What Happens To Your Body When You Have A Heart Attack
Knowing these symptoms can mean the difference between life and death.
When we think of a heart attack, we usually think of that stereotypical scene in a movie where someone suddenly grabs their chest, gasps for air and falls to the floor. In reality, heart attacks dont usually play out in that same dramatic way. Some of the signs of a heart attack are more subtle, and not all of them are fatal.
To ensure youre protecting yourself if you or someone you love is having a heart attack, its important to understand the actual signs and symptoms. We spoke with several cardiologists to give you the lowdown on what actually happens to your body during a heart attack and what to do if youre having one.
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