Risk Factors And Prevention
Many risk factors that can raise your chances for heart disease are within your control. These include:
- Being overweight or obese
- Eating an unhealthy diet
The strongest risk factors for heart disease are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Forty-seven percent of Americans have one or more of these factors.
Risk factors for heart disease and heart attacks that are out of your control include:
- Being male: Males are at a higher risk, although the risk difference narrows once females are post-menopausal.
- Genetics: If you have parents with heart disease, youre more likely to develop it as well.
- Increasing age: Most people who die from heart disease are over age 65. The risk for a heart attack and heart problems goes up with age because your heart may not work as well as it once did.
- Race and ethnicity: Certain types of heart disease are more prevalent in people of certain races or ethnicities. For instance, Blacks have a higher risk of severe high blood pressure and heart disease than Whites. Heart disease risk is higher among Mexican Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians, and some Asian Americans, partially because of more obesity and diabetes.
Even if you have factors for heart disease that are out of your control, you can still make changes to lower your chance of developing heart disease. Here are some tips to help prevent heart disease:
Aha 2019 Heart Disease And Stroke Statistics
- Benjamin EJ, Muntner P, Alonso A, et al.
- Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2019 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association. Circulation 2019 Jan 31:.
The following are key points to remember about this annual update on the statistics regarding heart disease, stroke, and cardiovascular risk factors:
Heart Disease In The United States
- Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men, women, and people of most racial and ethnic groups in the United States.1
- One person dies every 34 seconds in the United States from cardiovascular disease.1
- About 697,000 people in the United States died from heart disease in 2020thats 1 in every 5 deaths.1,2
- Heart disease cost the United States about $229 billion each year from 2017 to 2018.3 This includes the cost of health care services, medicines, and lost productivity due to death.
Coronary Artery Disease
- Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease, killing 382,820 people in 2020.2
- About 20.1 million adults age 20 and older have CAD .2
- In 2020, about 2 in 10 deaths from CAD happen in adults less than 65 years old.2
Early Action Is Important for Heart Attack
- In the United States, someone has a heart attack every 40 seconds.2
- Every year, about 805,000 people in the United States have a heart attack.2 Of these,
- 605,000 are a first heart attack2
- 200,000 happen to people who have already had a heart attack2
- About 1 in 5 heart attacks are silentthe damage is done, but the person is not aware of it.2
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Around 12% Of People Who Have A Heart Attack Die From It
An actual heart attack denotes the end of a process that has already been going on for several hours. The latest data on heart attack death rate uncovers that 12% of people who have a heart attack die from it. So that means that you have a much greater chance to survive a heart attack than die from it, which is, at last, some reassuring information.
Compared To Men Women Receive Half The Number Of Heart Attack Treatments
Does having a heart attack shorten your life? Well, it might, especially for women. Specifically, about 15% of women whove experienced a heart attack received coronary revascularisation , compared to 34% of men. Shockingly, only 16% of women received preventative treatment , opposed to 26% of their male counterparts.
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High Blood Pressure Causes 47% Of Coronary Heart Diseases
As its other name, silent killer, indicates, high blood pressure rarely shows any symptoms. However, if not controlled, it can be harmful and even accelerate the heart attack frequency. Measuring it is the only way to know whether you have it. One should also aim to make some lifestyle changes or take some medicine to lower hypertension and reduce the risk of a heart attack.
Heart Disease Statistics By Sex
- Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the U.S.
- In 2017, heart disease killed 347,879 men and 299,578 women .
- The average age that men will have a heart attack is 65, while for women, its 72.
- Women age 45-65 who have a heart attack are more likely than their male counterparts to die within a year. Women older than 65 who experience a heart attack are more likely than men of the same age to die within a few weeks.
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People Who Have Suffered Heart Failure Live Ten Years Less Than Those Who Havent
When it comes to life expectancy after a heart attack, statistics reveal something of concern. On average, people who have had heart failure lose almost ten years of life, in comparison to those who havent. Whats more, people might lose as many as 16 years of life, on average, following a heart attack.
Why Are Cardiovascular Diseases A Development Issue In Low
At least three-quarters of the world’s deaths from CVDs occur in low- and middle-income countries. People living in low- and middle-income countries often do not have the benefit of primary health care programmes for early detection and treatment of peoplewith risk factors for CVDs. People in low- and middle-income countries who suffer from CVDs and other noncommunicable diseases have less access to effective and equitable health care services which respond to their needs. As a result, for many peoplein these countries detection is often late in the course of the disease and people die at a younger age from CVDs and other noncommunicable diseases, often in their most productive years.
The poorest people in low- and middle-income countries are most affected. At the household level, evidence is emerging that CVDs and other noncommunicable diseases contribute to poverty due to catastrophic health spending and high out-of-pocket expenditure.At the macro-economic level, CVDs place a heavy burden on the economies of low- and middle-income countries.
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More Information On Heart Disease
In 2013, The American Heart Association came out with a list of 7 key health factors to indicate ideal cardiovascular health. They include:
A Blood Pressure below 120/80 mm Hg
60+ Minutes/day of Vigorous Physical Activity for children, 75+ minutes for adults
Healthy Levels of Cholesterol below 170 mg/dl
Treatment And Intervention Of Clinically Manifest Disease
The American Heart Association reports that between 1997 and 2007, the total number of inpatient cardiovascular operations and procedures increased 27 percent, from 5,382,000 to 6,846,000 annually. In 2007, an estimated 1,178,000 inpatient percutaneous coronary intervention procedures were done, and 232,000 patients underwent 408,000 coronary artery bypass procedures. In addition, 1,061,000 inpatient diagnostic cardiac catheterizations were performed .
Coronary Heart Disease
Despite impressive advances in the management of patients with AMI, limited evidence exists to demonstrate that physicians have uniformly adopted these treatment recommendations in the hospital or after discharge. Potential overuse of unproven or ineffective treatment regimens also may exist, though local surveillance data are not available to examine changing trends in physiciansâ management practices. Important differences in the management of hospitalized patients with AMI have been reported among countries, but most of these data are from the distant past. Trends in the use of cardiac procedures, stenting of the coronary arteries, newly developed interventional approaches, and other approaches yet to be incorporated into clinical practice need to be monitored.
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Heart Disease Statistics Worldwide
Worldwide, 47% of cardiac arrest deaths happen outside the hospital.
Because of this, treating a heart attack becomes a lot difficult. In the case of heart diseases, time is of the essence.
This statistic also showcases that numerous people who live with heart disease fail to notice and act on the early warning signs. This may also indicate an education problem, as patients are often unaware of the signs, as heart health statistics report.
Only 27% of US residents are aware of all heart attack symptoms.
On the other hand, the survey conducted in 2005 showcases that the main warning sign is recognized as a warning sign for an impending heart attack by 92% of respondents.
In general, noticing any early warning signs should be enough to convince individuals suffering from heart disease to contact emergency services, according to heart disease statistics.
75% of cardiovascular disease-related deaths take place in low and middle-income countries.
According to the WHO, it seems like heart disease-related deaths are more common in countries with low and middle incomes than countries with a better quality of life, alongside higher income.
This showcases that the general state of the national healthcare industry is a direct factor that contributes to the percentage of CVDs that affect the population, as per heart disease rates.
85% of all CVD deaths are caused by heart attacks and strokes worldwide.
Heart Disease: Facts Statistics And You
Heart disease refers to a variety of conditions that affect the heart from infections to genetic defects and blood-vessel diseases.
Most heart disease can be prevented with healthy lifestyle choices, yet its still the number one health threat in the world.
See the numbers behind this condition, learn the risk factors, and find out how to prevent heart disease.
Heart disease is responsible for most deaths worldwide for both men and women of all races.
As of 2018,
, approximately every 40 seconds an American will have a heart attack. Every year, 805,000 Americans have a heart attack, 605,000 of them for the first time.
About 12 percent of people who have a heart attack will die from it.
Coronary artery disease, a blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart, is the most common type of heart disease. Coronary heart disease affects about 18.2 million Americans age 20 and older, and it killed nearly 366,000 in 2017.
Heart disease is the number one cause of death for most racial and ethnic groups. In 2015, it was responsible for of deaths in white people and 23.5 percent in Black people.
In 2017, death rates from heart disease in Black men were 202.8 deaths per 100,000 people . That compared to 274.5 deaths per 100,000 for white males. The death rates for Black women were 165.5 per 100,000, and for white women they were 231.4 per 100,000.
These are some of the more common heart disease risks:
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How Can The Burden Of Cardiovascular Diseases Be Reduced
The key to cardiovascular disease reduction lies in the inclusion of cardiovascular disease management interventions in universal health coverage packages, although in a high number of countries health systems require significant investment and reorientationto effectively manage CVDs.
Evidence from 18 countries has shown that hypertension programmes can be implemented efficiently and cost-effectively at the primary care level which will ultimately result in reduced coronary heart disease and stroke. Patients with cardiovascular diseaseshould have access to appropriate technology and medication. Basic medicines that should be available include:
Heart Attack Statistics You Must Be Aware Of In 2022
Cardiovascular diseases are heart and blood vessel conditions that remain the leading cause of premature death. To emphasize, heart attack statistics show that four out of five deaths related to CVD are due to heart attacks and strokes. In general, people at risk of developing CVD often suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.
Identifying those at the highest risk of developing one of these cardiovascular diseases and starting appropriate treatment can prevent further complications or even death. Here, we have a collection of the most critical facts and stats related to heart attacks.
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Mortality Due To Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular diseases claimed 813,804 lives in 2007. On average, more than 2,200 Americans lose their lives to cardiovascular disease each day. Cardiovascular diseases are consistently ranked as the leading cause of death in the United States, exceeding all forms of cancer. The overall mortality rate due to cardiovascular diseases was 251.2 in 2007 the rate for men was 300.3, and for women it was 211.6. More than 150,000 American deaths from cardiovascular disease in 2007 were persons under age 65 approximately one-third of cardiovascular deaths occurred before the age of 75. From 1997 to 2007, death rates from cardiovascular diseases declined 27.8 percent. Black individuals continue to experience substantially higher mortality rates than do other racial/ethnic groups . presents data on mortality by gender and race/ethnicity.
Mortality per 100,000 in 2007 Due to Cardiovascular Disease by Gender and Race/Ethnicity.
Coronary Heart Disease
2007 Coronary Heart Disease Death Rates per 100,000 People by Gender and Race/Ethnicity.
2006 Stroke Death Rates per 100,000 People by Gender and Race/Ethnicity.
More women than men die of stroke each year, with 60.6 percent of stroke deaths in 2007 occurring among women . Many states with high stroke mortality rates are concentrated in the southeast, which has become known as the âStroke Beltâ .
What Is Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is caused by damage to the heart valves and heart muscle from the inflammation and scarring caused by rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is caused by an abnormal response of the body to infection with streptococcal bacteria, whichusually begins as a sore throat or tonsillitis in children.
Rheumatic fever mostly affects children in developing countries, especially where poverty is widespread. Globally, about 2% of deaths from cardiovascular diseases are related to rheumatic heart disease.
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Critical Heart Attack Statistics For 2022
- One in five heart attacks is silent.
- With the coronavirus pandemic, peoples chances of dying from heart attacks have doubled.
- The leading cause of death in 2020 in the US was heart disease.
- Annually, 805,000 people in the US have a heart attack.
- Coronary heart disease affects 1 in 13 White men.
- High blood pressure causes 47% of coronary heart diseases.
- To prevent heart attacks, women shouldnt have more than one alcoholic drink a day.
- 26% of women die within a year of a heart attack.
- People who have suffered heart failure live ten years less than those who havent.
- 7% of the hospital visits related to snow shoveling are due to heart problems, mainly heart attacks.
What Is Heart Disease Exactly
The American Heart Association says that a diagnosis of cardiovascular diseasean umbrella term used to describe all diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels, such as heart diseases generally falls into one of the following categories. Its important to note that all heart diseases are cardiovascular diseases, but not all cardiovascular diseases are a type of heart disease.
Cardiovascular diseases affect the heart and blood vessels, and include heart disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease, a clogging of blood vessels in the limbs that can cause leg pain and cramping.
Most of these health problems tie back to atherosclerosis, or an accumulation of plaque on the walls of the arteries that restricts blood flow.
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Leading Causes Of Death By Income Group
The World Bank classifies the world’s economies into four income groups based on gross national income low, lower-middle, upper-middle and high.
People living in a low-income country are far more likely to die of a communicable disease than a noncommunicable disease. Despite the global decline, six of the top 10 causes of death in low-income countries are communicable diseases.
Malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS all remain in the top 10. However, all three are falling significantly. The biggest decrease among the top 10 deaths in this group has been for HIV/AIDS, with 59% fewer deaths in 2019 than in 2000, or 161 000 and 395 000 respectively.
Diarrhoeal diseases are more significant as a cause of death in low-income countries: they rank in the top 5 causes of death for this income category. Nonetheless, diarrhoeal diseases are decreasing in low-income countries, representing the second biggest decrease in fatalities among the top 10 .
Deaths due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are particularly infrequent in low-income countries compared to other income groups. It does not appear in the top 10 for low-income countries yet ranks in the top 5 for all other income groups.
There is only one communicable disease in the top 10 causes of death for upper-middle-income countries. Notably, there has been a 31% fall in deaths from suicide since 2000 in this income category, decreasing to 234 000 deaths in 2019.