What Are The Different Types Of Heart Failure
Heart failure may affect different patients very differently the affected parts of the heart, the resulting symptoms and the time course of heart failure onset can vary widely. For this reason, different medical terms are used to exactly describe the different types of heart failure. Its very important to define the type and cause of heart failure because it determines treatment. Exact diagnosis may be difficult since symptoms may be very similar, for example, all types of heart failure cause shortness of breath, fatigue and some degree of congestion, usually in the lungs but also in other parts of the body such as the liver, intestines, kidneys and lower limbs.
Acute heart failure develops suddenly and symptoms are initially severe. Acute heart failure may follow a heart attack, which has caused damage to an area of your heart. It may also be caused by a sudden lack of ability by the body to compensate for chronic heart failure. If you develop acute heart failure, it may be severe initially, but may only last for a short period of time and improve rapidly. It usually requires treatment and medication to be administered by injection .
Chronic heart failure is very common. Symptoms appear slowly over time and gradually get worse.
Left-sided heart failure means that the power of the left heart chamber, which pumps blood throughout the body, is reduced thus, the left chamber must work harder to pump the same amount of blood.
Factors That Can Worsen Symptoms Of Heart Failure
The symptoms of heart failure can be worsened by a number of factors, including:
- too much salt, fluid, or alcohol in the diet
- some viral and bacterial infections
- kidney diseases
Treatment for heart failure may include:
- medicines, such as
- diuretics to remove excess fluid and improve symptoms of heart failure
- mineralcortiocoid receptor antagonists are also recommended and used in most patients with heart failure to reduce mortality and hospitalisation
- ACE inhibitors to open up blood vessels, reduce blood pressure and reduce sodium retention and water retention
- certain beta-blockers to slow the heart rate and reduce its work
- aldosterone blockers to reduce blood pressure and reduce the effects of damage to the heart muscle
- ACE inhibitors, beta blockers and aldosterone blockers can increase survival and reduce the likelihood of hospitalisation.
Is There A Treatment For Heart Failure
There are more treatment options available for heart failure than ever before. Tight control over your medications and lifestyle, coupled with careful monitoring, are the first steps. As the condition progresses, doctors specializing in the treatment of heart failure can offer more advanced treatment options.
The goals of treating heart failure are to try to keep it from getting worse , to ease symptoms, and to improve quality of life.
Some common types of medicines used to treat it are:
- Aldosterone antagonists
- Selective sinus node inhibitors
- SGLT2 inhibitor
Your doctor may also recommend a program called cardiac rehabilitation to help you exercise safely and keep up a heart-healthy lifestyle. It usually includes workouts that are designed just for you, education, and tips to lower your chance of heart trouble, like quitting smoking or changing your diet.
Cardiac rehab also offers emotional support. You can meet people like you who can help you stay on track.
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Atrial Natriuretic Peptide And B
ANP and BNP are endogenously generated peptides activated in response to atrial and ventricular volume/pressure expansion. ANP and BNP are released from the atria and ventricles, respectively, and both promote vasodilation and natriuresis. Their hemodynamic effects are mediated by decreases in ventricular filling pressures, owing to reductions in cardiac preload and afterload. BNP, in particular, produces selective afferent arteriolar vasodilation and inhibits sodium reabsorption in the proximal convoluted tubule. It also inhibits renin and aldosterone release and, therefore, adrenergic activation. ANP and BNP are elevated in chronic heart failure. BNP especially has potentially important diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic implications.
For more information, see the Medscape Drugs & Diseases article Natriuretic Peptides in Congestive Heart Failure.
When Should I Get Emergency Care
Go to the ER or call 911 if you have:
- New, unexplained, and severe chest pain that comes with shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, or weakness
- Fast heart rate , especially if you are short of breath
- Shortness of breath that doesn’t get better if you rest
- Sudden weakness, or you can’t move your arms or legs
- Sudden, severe headache
- Fainting spells
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Can Surgery Be Used To Treat Heart Failure
In heart failure, surgery may sometimes prevent further damage to the heart and improve the heart’s function. Procedures used include:
- Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. The most common surgery for heart failure caused by coronary artery disease is . Although surgery is more risky for people with heart failure, new strategies before, during, and after surgery have reduced the risks and improved outcomes.
- Heart valve surgery. Diseased heart valves can be treated both surgically and non-surgically .
- Implantable left ventricular assist device . The LVAD is known as the “bridge to transplantation” for patients who haven’t responded to other treatments and are hospitalized with severe systolic heart failure. This device helps your heart pump blood throughout your body. It allows you to be mobile, sometimes returning home to await a heart transplant. It may also be used as destination therapy for long-term support in patients who are not eligible for transplant.
- Heart transplant. A heart transplant is considered when heart failure is so severe that it doesn’t respond to all other therapies, but the person’s health is otherwise good.
Heart Failure Treatment Is A Team Effort
Heart failure management is a team effort, and you are the key player on the team. Your heart doctor will prescribe your medications and manage other medical problems. Other team members — including nurses, dietitians, pharmacists, exercise specialists, and social workers — will help you achieve success. But it is up to YOU to take your medications, make dietary changes, live a healthy lifestyle, keep your follow-up appointments, and be an active member of the team.
If you notice anything unusual, don’t wait until your next appointment to discuss it with your doctor. Call them right away if you have:
- Unexplained weight gain
- Swelling in your ankles, feet, legs, or belly that gets worse
- Shortness of breath that gets worse or happens more often, especially if you wake up feeling that way
- Bloating with a loss of appetite or nausea
- Extreme fatigue or more trouble finishing your daily activities
- A lung infection or a cough that gets worse
- Fast heart rate
- New irregular heartbeat
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Understanding Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms
Heart failure is an umbrella term for a set of physical symptoms arising due to the gradual deterioration in the hearts pumping ability. The term congestive heart failure was traditionally used because the condition resulted in fluid buildup and congestion in the lungs.
However, doctors and medical researchers have found that it causes a wide array of other symptoms. Thats why they now refer to the condition as heart failure.
What Medications Should I Avoid If I Have Heart Failure
There are several different types of medications that are best avoided in those with heart failure including:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as Motrin or Aleve. For relief of aches, pains, or fever take Tylenol instead.
- Most calcium channel blockers
- Some nutritional supplements, such as salt substitutes, and growth hormone therapies
- Antacids that contain sodium
If youâre taking any of these drugs, discuss them with your doctor.
Itâs important to know the names of your medications, what theyâre used for, and how often and at what times you take them. Keep a list of your medications and bring them with you to each of your doctor visits. Never stop taking your medications without discussing it with your doctor. Even if you have no symptoms, your medications decrease the work of your heart so that it can pump more effectively.
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Treating Chf In Louisiana
For patients suffering from CHF, skilled medical treatment is critical to managing the condition and maintaining health. Cardiovascular Institute of the South is home to many renowned and respected cardiologists. Our physicians are experienced and highly-qualified in the treatment of congestive heart failure, along with all other forms of cardiovascular disease. To request an appointment at any one of our locations across south Louisiana and Mississippi, click the button below.
Types Of Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive heart failure is a chronic progressive condition that affects the pumping function of your cardiac muscle .It is often mentioned as coronary failure, CHF specifically refers to the stage during which fluid builds up within the guts and causes it to pump inefficiently. Human heart has four chambers. The upper half your heart is formed from two atria, and therefore the lower half your heart is made from two ventricles. The ventricles pump blood to your bodys organs and tissues, and therefore the atria receive blood from your body because it circulates back from the remainder of your body. It develops when ventricles cant pump enough blood to the body. Eventually, blood and other fluids cant flow inside lungs, abdomen, liver, lower body. CHF are often life threatening.
Symptoms of heart failure in childrens:
It is often difficult to acknowledge heart failure in infants and young children. Symptoms may include:
These symptoms can easily be misunderstood as colic or a respiratory tract infection. Poor growth and low blood pressure also can be signs of coronary failure in children. In some cases, when can observe that a resting babys rapid pulse rate through their chest wall.
Class 1- No symptoms during typical physical activity. CHF at this stage are often managed through lifestyle changes, heart medications, and monitoring.
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Causes Of Heart Failure
There are several causes that can lead to the development of Congestive Heart Failure. Some of the most common causes are as follows.
Coronary heart disease: In this disease, the arteries cannot deliver oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This may occur due to the arteries, which supply blood to the heart, being clogged due to fatty deposits. This condition is called atherosclerosis and may cause chest discomfort which is called angina and lead to heart damage because of heart attack.
Cardiomyopathy: This may be a hereditary or acquired condition where the heart muscles get affected, leading to failure of the heart to perform its function properly.
Hypertension: Hypertension or high blood pressure can put undue pressure on the heart and this may lead to a heart failure.
Arrhythmias: Any problems in the regular beating of the heart such as atrial fibrillation impairs the contraction strength of the heart. A continuously increased heart rate is one of the main causes for the heart to pump blood less efficiently.
Congenital heart disease: This is a defect present at the time of birth and affects the normal functioning of the heart.
Heart valve disease: Any defect or damage in the valves of the heart will increase strain on the heart and make it weak.
Preventing And Living With Chf
Because heart failure is a serious, progressive condition, prevention is important. For people living with CHF, there are things they can do to stop or slow disease progression and improve their quality of life.
- Limit alcohol intake to 1 drink a day or avoid it
- Dont drink more than 4 cups of coffee a day
- Dont use illegal drugs
- Talk to your doctor about medications that may increase CHF risk
- Treat any existing conditions that may lead to CHF
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Can Heart Failure Be Prevented
You may be able to prevent or delay heart failure if you:
- Work with your provider to manage any health conditions that increase your risk of developing heart failure
- Make healthy changes in your eating, exercise, and other daily habits to help prevent heart disease
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Pathophysiology Of Congestive Heart Failure Ppt
The pathophysiology of congestive heart failure is a complex process that is not fully understood. However, it is known that the condition results from a variety of factors, including structural changes to the heart, abnormalities in the hearts electrical system, and changes in the way the heart pumps blood. These factors can lead to a build-up of fluid in the lungs and other tissues, which can eventually lead to congestive heart failure.
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Angiotensin Ii Receptor Blockers
These drugs work similarly to ACE inhibitors, but dry cough side effects are less severe.
Drugs in this class include Diovan and Cozaar . Like ACE inhibitors, these drugs may damage kidneys so tests for kidney functions are recommended. Common side effects include dizziness, changes in kidney function and increased potassium levels.
When To Get Medical Advice
See a GP if you experience persistent or gradually worsening symptoms of heart failure.
Call 999 for an ambulance or go to your nearest A& E department as soon as possible if you have sudden or very severe symptoms.
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Can Congestive Heart Failure Be Prevented
The prevention of congestive heart failure is a major challenge. It is a condition where the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the bodys needs. CHF can be caused by many things, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes. While there is no definitive answer to preventing CHF.
Certain lifestyle changes have been shown to help reduce the risk of developing the condition. These include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and managing conditions such as diabetes and hypertension. abstaining from smoking. If you have already been diagnosed with CHF, working with a heart failure specialist can help you manage your condition and prevent it from getting worse.
Improving Quality Of Life
Currently, CHF has no cure. People living with the disease have to commit to heart-healthy lifestyles and take medication regularly.
To stay healthy, here are some tips to follow.
Tips for Living Better with CHF
- Monitor symptoms and check for sudden weight gain and swelling in legs and feet.
- Monitor blood pressure and weight and get lab work done regularly to be aware of your heart health and disease progression.
- Stay positive and find ways to alleviate stress including finding relaxing hobbies, talking to a therapist, finding a support group or talking to loved ones and friends.
- Ask questions about the stage of your disease and guidelines for how active you should be. This includes work, sex and exercise. Depending on the stage of disease, your doctor will have different recommendations about how active you should be, including work, sexm and exercise.
- Keep all appointments with your doctors.
- Make all the lifestyle changes your doctor recommends. If you need help with your diet, ask to see a nutritionist or dietician.
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Congestive Heart Failure Diagnosis
There is no one test to diagnose congestive heart failure . Your doctor will ask about your medical history and symptoms, and will perform a physical exam. He or she may also order tests, such as a chest x-ray, electrocardiogram , echocardiogram, cardiac stress test, and blood tests. These tests will help your doctor determine the cause and severity of your CHF.
The hearts ability to pump blood is severely hampered when it fails to perform its function. congestive heart failure is the most common type, in which the heart cannot regulate the amount of fluid in the blood. A persons symptoms determine which of the three stages of congestive heart failure he or she is in. Stage 1 is the least common and usually does not cause any symptoms. Normal physical activity may result in fatigue, palpitations, and shortness of breath during stage 2. Because of the dangers of CHF stage 3, it necessitates special care. Failure of the heart can be fatal if left untreated. If you have any of the symptoms listed above, you should consult with your doctor as soon as possible. Despite the fact that there is no cure for heart failure, treatments can help patients to manage symptoms and live longer.
Treating Congestive Heart Failure
How can you treat a heart failure? The underlying cause of congestive heart failure has a direct impact on how it is treated. Medications and/or surgery are frequently used to improve the ability of the heart to pump blood in the majority of cases. Medications and/or surgery to improve the hearts ability to pump blood are commonly used as the most common treatments for heart failure caused by coronary artery disease. Medication is the most common treatment option if the problem is caused by another factor such as high blood pressure.
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Congestive Heart Failure Pathophysiology Nursing
Congestive heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the bodys needs. This can be caused by a variety of conditions, including coronary artery disease, valve disease, and high blood pressure. When the heart cannot pump enough blood, it leads to a buildup of fluid in the lungs, which can cause shortness of breath and other symptoms. CHF can be a very serious condition, and it is important for people who are at risk to be monitored by a doctor.