Types Of Heart Attacks
The scientific term for a heart attack is myocardial infarction or MI for short. There are different kinds of heart attacks, and the severity, diagnosis and treatment for each may be different.
What all heart attacks have in common is that something is preventing oxygen-containing, nutrient-rich blood from getting to the heart muscle. The amount of damage to the heart will depend on the type of heart attack, the severity of blockage and the time it took to get treated.
Heres what you need to know about the types of heart attacks:
Helps In Maintaining A Healthy Diet
Exercises and a healthy diet compliment each other for heart attack prevention. If you spend time improving regular physical fitness, you would be able to manage your goal towards a healthier diet.
What you eat determines your weight, your hormones, and your overall health. Exercising will help you in sticking to the resolution of a better and healthier diet. Apart from the health benefits, you would be motivated to eat right. Since you spend so much time sweating at the gym.
What Are The Consequences Of Physical Inactivity For Cardiovascular Disease
Regular physical activity reduces the risk of dying prematurely from CVD. It also helps prevent the development of diabetes, helps maintain weight loss, and reduces hypertension, which are all independent risk factors for CVD. Less active, less fit persons have a 30-50 percent greater risk of developing high blood pressure. Physical inactivity is a significant risk factor for CVD itself. It ranks similarly to cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, and elevated cholesterol. One reason it has such a large affect on mortality is because of its prevalence. Twice as many adults in the United States are physically inactive than smoke cigarettes. Regular physical activity has been shown to help protect against first cardiac episode, help patients’ recovery from coronary surgeries, and will reduce the risk of recurrent cardiac events.
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But Exercise Is Beneficial To Your Heart Health In General
Exercise is good for your overall health and that includes your heart health. According to the AHA, physically active peoplelike those who walk regularlyhave a 50 percent lower risk of heart attack and sudden cardiac death compared to inactive individuals. Beyond that, adults who are more physically active once they reach 50 have a seven to eight year higher life expectancy. The AHA says that aerobic exercises like walking, running, cycling, or swimming are great ways for people to maintain regular physical activity.
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Exercise And Your Heart
Getting regular exercise when you have heart disease is important.
Exercise can make your heart muscle stronger. It may also help you be more active without chest pain or other symptoms.
Exercise may help lower your blood pressure and cholesterol. If you have diabetes, it can help you control your blood sugar.
Regular exercise can help you lose weight. You will also feel better.
Exercise will also help keep your bones strong.
Always talk with your health care provider before starting an exercise program. You need to make sure the exercise you would like to do is safe for you. This is particularly important if:
- You recently had a heart attack.
- You have been having chest pain or pressure, or shortness of breath.
- You have diabetes.
- You recently had a heart procedure or heart surgery.
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Can Viagra Cause Heart Attack
A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when blood flow to part of the heart muscle is interrupted. Some of the most common symptoms of heart attack include chest pain, weakness, shortness of breath and pain or discomfort in the back, arms or shoulders.
In most cases, a heart attack is the result of atherosclerosis the narrowing of the arteries caused by the buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances.
In other words, the arteries supplying blood to the heart become closed off, cutting off blood flow to the heart.
Viagra is a vasodilator, meaning it helps open up blood vessels and arteries. That being said, there have been reports of heart attack, stroke, arrhythmia and even death in men taking Viagra.
Some experts cite the results of a 2002 study to support the theory that heart attacks linked to Viagra were more likely related to the performance of sexual activity than to the use of the drug.
In this study, sildenafil had no effect on symptoms during exercise in men with stable coronary artery disease.
There is no conclusive evidence linking Viagra to heart attack, but men with existing heart conditions and those who are taking heart medications should avoid or exercise caution when taking erectile dysfunction drugs.
Types Of Exercise To Prevent Heart Attacks
Now that we know how exercise can reduce the risk of heart attack, its time to get moving. But you may be wondering which exercises to do. Dont worry. We have the answer.
Heres a list of exercise to prevent heart attack-
NOTE: If you are a heart patient, you should talk to your doctor before starting any exercise.
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Use Training As Preventive Medicine
Dr. Jon Magne Letnes, the studys first author, also further comments on the findings. Our results should encourage people to use training as preventive medicine, Dr. Letnes says.
A few months of regular exercise that gets you out of breath can be an effective strategy for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Letnes explains that cardiorespiratory fitness offers insights into so much more than just endurance to exercise.
Fitness isnt just a measure of how much youve trained in your life, but it also tells you what kind of genes you have, he says.
Other factors like obesity may also affect fitness. So we measure a lot of the bodys functions, and from other studies, we know that both genes and physical activity play a role in how your heart and blood vessels function, Dr. Letnes explains.
The studys first author thinks doctors should consider fitness measurements when evaluating heart disease risk.
Although it may be inconvenient and difficult to measure oxygen uptake at the doctors office, some simple and relatively accurate calculators exist that can provide a good estimate of fitness and disease risk, he advises.
Black American Communities And Heart Attacks
While the overall risk of heart disease varies among different racial and ethnic groups in the United States, there is less data on heart attacks specifically.
According to the American Heart Association, the rate of cardiovascular disease in Black Americans is about 23 percent higher in men, and 33 percent higher in women, compared with the overall U.S. population.
Non-Hispanic Black Americans have the highest rate of death from heart disease at 208 per 100,000 people, according to the CDC. Next come non-Hispanic white Americans at 169, Hispanic Americans at 114, and Asian Americans at 86.
Researchers have found that among U.S. hospitals with sufficient data, the rate of death from heart attacks in Black patients was nearly identical to that of white patients. But the hospital readmission rate for Black patients was 4.3 percentage points higher than for white patients, according to an investigation published September 2018 in JAMA Open Network.
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Questions Remain On Marijuanas Benefits And Risks
Most of the evidence linking marijuana to heart attack and stroke is based on reports from people who smoked it. So its hard to separate the effects of cannabinoid compounds on the cardiovascular system from the hazards posed by the irritants and carcinogens contained in the smoke. Because cannabis smoke is known to cause airway inflammation, wheezing, and chest tightness, people with lung diseases should not smoke it. Other people who should just say no to marijuana include those who may be vulnerable to developing schizophrenia or addiction.
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Excessive Drinking Disrupts Heart Rate
Too much alcohol can result in abnormal heart rhythms , often called “holiday heart” because they seem to affect more people during the holidays. The heart palpitations may be a symptom of atrial fibrillation, premature beats, or other abnormal heart rhythms, and feel like little flutters or extra beats in your chest. They may last just a few seconds or go on quite a bit longer. Luckily, most people find that the palpitations go away completely when the alcohol leaves their body. If the palpitations persist or are associated with other atrial fibrillation symptoms , they can be serious and you’ll need to see your doctor.
Protect yourself: No more than one drink a day for women and two for men is considered moderate drinking according to the U.S. Dietary Guidelines. Keep your alcohol intake moderate, especially if you know you have other heart disease risk factors.
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Intense Workout And The Risk Factors Associated With It
They may be the trend, but doctors beg to differ. They advise against HIIT or any intense workout unless you are a professional athlete. Pushing your body beyond its natural endurance levels goes against the basic tenets of science and is not advisable.
Contrary to popular perception, studies show that people who worked out 4 times or more in a week were equally at risk of dying from stroke or heart attack as those who were physically inactive for the most part of a week. Shocking? Yes, but this once again highlights the importance of moderate exercise. The message is clear working out a lot does not mean you are healthy.
Studies have also shown that men who worked out intensely for more than 5 hours a week were more likely to have irregular heartbeats than those who engaged in moderate physical activity.
So, what happens if you work out too much? Find out the risks of exercise.
1. Heart attacks
2. Weaker immunity
This might seem odd since exercise is linked to a stronger immune system. Research shows that the immune system is at its peak during exercise but becomes weaker for the next 3-72 hours. This makes us prone to attacks by bacteria and viruses, thus causing a higher risk of infections and diseases. But moderate exercise does improve immune strength in the long run.
4. Lower libido
Research shows that men who tend to overtrain end up with low sex drive. They seem too uninterested and too tired to be aroused and engage in sex.
6. Irregular periods
Exercise Is Key To Weight Control
Especially when combined with a smart diet, being physically active is anessential component for losing weight and even more important for keepingit off, Stewart sayswhich in turn helps optimize heart health. Beingoverweight puts stress on the heart and is a risk factor for heart diseaseand stroke.
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Women Have Heart Attacks Too
We know that women tend to wait longer before calling 999 after experiencing heart attack symptoms. In the UK, an average of three women die of coronary heart disease every hour, many of them due to a heart attack.You dramatically reduce your chance of survival if you dont call 999 straight away.
Most heart attacks are caused by coronary heart disease .
CHD causes your coronary arteries to become narrowed by a gradual build-up of fatty deposits called atheroma.
If a piece of atheroma breaks off, a blood clot forms around this to try and repair the damage to the artery wall.
This clot can block your coronary artery either a partial blockage or total blockage . This causes your heart muscle to be starved of blood and oxygen.
Other less common causes of a heart attack include:
- hypoxia .
Don’t Worry About Sudden Cardiac Arrest During Exercise
Getting regular exercise is the best way to prevent most types of heart diseaseincluding sudden cardiac arrest.
New findings may help allay fears about sports-related heart death.
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People Active During Middle Age And Later Years Need To Take Precautions
Dying during or immediately after physical activity occurs rarely. But the exercise-related death of a prominent Wall Street executive last week nevertheless raises concerns for people who want to keep active during middle age and later years.
Regular exercise is a cornerstone of good health, and its long-term benefits for both longevity and protection against heart attacks, cancer and other ailments are supported in many studies. Doctors say there are strategies to reduce the already low likelihood of a workout turning into a tragedy.
The Link Between Extreme Exercise And Heart Attack:
Research on powerful runners, athletes shows that their heart damage a little bit, and they have risks for heart attack. These minute risks usually go away, but if there is extreme physical stress, this temporary heart risk may lead to permanent and can shape up with heart attack or stroke. Furthermore, it is proved that extreme Exercise can lead to cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke, and sometimes sudden death.
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Nutritional Tips For Safer Exercise And Healthy Body
Nutrition provides the fuel for your workout and the post-workout recovery. It also helps in keeping you healthy overall and keeping diseases at bay.
Follow these nutritional tips for a better and safer workout:
- Get enough protein, but not too much
- Drink fluids often
- Do not exercise on an empty stomach load your meal with complex carbohydrates
- Eat iron-rich foods like chickpeas, oysters, soybeans, spinach
- Include vitamin C rich foods like lemon, orange, amla, and bell peppers
- Have balanced pre- and post-workout meals, like peanut butter on whole-grain toast, a plain yoghurt with nuts, homemade fruit smoothie with protein powder, apple and cottage cheese slice
- Dont forget your veggies they are rich sources of many vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that promote overall health and reduce chronic disease risk
Eat healthily and exercise for good health. But maintain moderation in both. You can consult a nutritionist if you need a customized diet plan.
1. What is high intensity workout?
Any form of cardio exercise that is performed vigorously for 10 minutes or more where your heart rate reaches 75% or more of your maximum heart rate is a high-intensity workout. During such workouts, the heart rate could reach up to 80-85% of your maximum heart rate.
2. Can gym cause a heart attack
It depends on the kind of workout. In moderation, you should be safe. But intense workouts increase the risk of cardiac arrest.
3. Can too much exercise cause heart problems?
Is Viagra Safe For Men With Heart Disease
Even for men not taking nitrates, there has been some concern surrounding whether Viagra might make underlying heart conditions worse.
Generally speaking, ED medications are safe for men with healthy hearts. But men with cardiovascular disease should always exercise an added degree of caution when taking new medications.
The concern with Viagra and heart conditions is the drugs effect on the arteries.
Though Viagra is intended to work on the arteries in the penis, its effects are systemic. All arteries in the body product nitric oxide, so Viagra could potentially trigger vasodilation in other arteries, which could cause a temporary drop in blood pressure by 5 to 8 mmHg.
Given the known interactions between Viagra and heart medications, the FDA has urged caution in patients who have experienced heart attack, stroke or other serious cardiovascular events within six months.
Men with a history of congestive heart failure, low blood pressure or uncontrolled high blood pressure should exercise caution, as well.
Whether Viagra is safe for men with heart disease depends on the individual.
For many men with heart disease, a minor drop in blood pressure of up to 8.3 / 5.3 mmHg would not be considered dangerous. For certain heart conditions, however, it could be.
This may be the case for severe heart failure, aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, ischemia, and pulmonary veno-occlusive disease.
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New Findings Do Not Outweigh Health Benefits Of Exercise Researchers Emphasise
Physical activity may, paradoxically, hasten your risk of a heart attack, a new study suggests.
This is because physical activity may lead to a quicker build-up of plaque, or calcium deposits in the coronary arteries, according to the research.
This finding does not outweigh the many health benefits of exercise, the researchers emphasise.
Regular physical activity is associated with a reduction in the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart attack, stroke and death. But the new research shows that despite these important benefits, people who are very physically active seem to have high levels of calcium deposits in their coronary arteries.
However, it is not clear if exercise may itself be associated with calcification, or hardening of arteries, according to the study published in Heart journal.
To explore the issue further, the researchers studied healthy adults attending for check-ups in South Korea over a six-year period.
Those who were more physically active tended to be older and less likely to smoke than less physically active participants. They also had lower total cholesterol, more high blood pressure, and existing evidence of calcium deposits in their coronary arteries.
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