Techniques To Bring The Heart Rate Down During Exercise
An increased heart rate is a major part of most forms of exercise. Although a pounding heart can feel uncomfortable, it provides your heart with exercise that can lower blood pressure, decrease pulse and improve circulation over time. However, some people have been instructed by their doctors to keep their heart below a certain level, and many novice exercisers struggle to bring their heart rate down during and immediately after an exercise routine. There are several things you can do to lower your heart rate.
What Is An Average Resting Heart Rate By Age
When you are resting -;whether sitting or lying down -;you can check your resting heart rate. Provided that you have not smoked, consumed coffee, or exercised vigorously an hour before. Activities such as smoking, having coffee, loud noises, and vigorous physical activity make your heart beat faster for a while, and so you might not get your exact resting heart rate. And hence this may interfere with the correct heart rate.
Average resting heart rate by age:
Children : 70-100 beats per minute
Adults :; 60-100 beats per minute
Why Do You Want To Increase Your Heart Rate During Exercise
Although you want your resting heart rate to be on the lower end of the scale, you need to be reaching a higher heart rate during exercise for the biggest and best health benefits. Getting your heart beating faster than its resting rate improves your cardiovascular health, helping your heart to move blood and oxygen to your muscles more efficiently. This process also burns calories, helping with metabolism and weight loss.;
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What Is A Normal Or Resting Heart Rate
There are three general ways to classify;heart rate, 1) normal, 2) fast and 3) slow.
- A resting heart rate is normal between 60-100 beats per minute.
- A resting heart rate is fast at greater than 100 beats per minute.
- A resting heart rate is slow at less than 60 beats per minute.
A resting heart rate predicts longevity and cardiovascular disease, and current evidence suggests that it is also an important marker of outcome in cardiovascular disease, including heart failure. A normal heart rate is generally stated to be between 60-100 beats per minute at rest . However, recent studies have suggested that an ideal resting heart rate is between 50-70 beats per minute. It is well-known that the average resting heart rate for well-trained athletes is between 40-60 beats per minute! A heart rate can change dramatically while sleeping or with daily activity and exercise. Usually, a heart rate will be slower during sleep, faster during daily activities or with exercise, and recover quickly back to a resting rate after exercise. This means your heart has appropriate heart rate variability and recovery, which is associated with good heart health. Your resting heart rate can also be used to estimate how much energy your body uses, or your basal metabolic rate.
What Causes An Increase In Heart Rate And What Is The Maximum Heart Rate
When your body is doing a certain physical activity such as walking, a workout or an exercise session, it means that your muscles, tissues and other parts of the body are in a larger requirement of oxygenated blood. In order to fulfill this requirement, your heart has to pump faster and larger portions of blood to the various parts of your body.
This increases the heartbeat to various levels. The ideal heartbeat rate which it should be at its maximum level will differ from person to person. The two factors of weight and age happen to play a very important role in this context. It is said that the ideal limit of your maximum heart rate is your age subtracted from the number 220.;So, if your age is 30, then the maximum heart rate that you can attain is 220-30 = 190. It is obvious that the maximum heart rate is something that will differ from person to person, depending on their age.
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Is Resting Heart Rate Different By Age
For most of us , between 60 and 100 beats per minute is normal.1 The rate can be affected by factors like stress, anxiety, hormones, medication, and how physically active you are. An athlete or more active person may have a resting heart rate as low as 40 beats per minute. Now thats chill!
When it comes to resting heart rate, lower is better. It usually means your heart muscle is in better condition and doesnt have to work as hard to maintain a steady beat. Studies have found that a higher resting heart rate is linked with lower physical fitness and higher blood pressure and body weight.2
A Slow Heart Rate: Bradycardia
“Bradycardia is the medical term for a resting heart rate that is less than 60 beats per minute,” explains Dr. Singh. “There are two types. If you have a medical condition that slows down your heart, your heart may speed up during exercise, but not enough to reach a target range for exercise. If you have an abnormality of the electrical conduction system of your heart, your heart rate may not increase at all. Exercise could make you pass out.”
As the Mayo Clinic explains, bradycardia is a heart rate under 60, but even a heartbeat as low as 40 may be normal for people who are very fit, such as trained athletes. For other people, though, a heart rate under 60 could be a problem, especially if you have such symptoms as:
- Passing out
“These symptoms are warnings that your body and brain are not getting enough blood supply,” says Dr. Singh. “They may get worse during exercise.”
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How To Lower Your Resting Heart Rate
How can you dial down a resting heart rate? Lifestyle changes can boost heart health and lower your pulse.
1. Get moving
Exercise is the number one way to lower resting heart rate, says Dr. Singh. The most common cause of a high resting heart rate is a sedentary lifestyle, one where you spend a lot of time not moving.
And being in poor shape can increase the risk of other problems, including obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes. To give your heart a healthy workout, the American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes per week of vigorous activity.
The more you exercise, the stronger your heart becomes. Since its pumping more blood with each beat, it wont need to pump as hard, which will lower your heart rate, she says.
2. Manage stress
Anxiety and stress can elevate the heart rate, too. To help bring it down, try to bring calm to your day, Dr. Singh says. Practice mindfulness, try to meditate or do breathing exercises.
3. Avoid caffeine and nicotine
Stimulants like caffeine and cigarettes can drive your heart rate up, Dr. Singh says. Cutting back may help lower your resting heart rate.
4. Maintain a healthy weight
The more weight you carry, the harder your body has to work to move blood through the body especially if you dont have a lot of muscle mass, Dr. Singh says. Losing weight can help bring down your heart rate.
5. Stay hydrated
6. Sleep well
How To Lower The Heart Rate
Practicing meditation or yoga may help to lower the heart rate.
If the heart rate is suddenly spiking in response to issues such as emotional stress or environmental factors, addressing the cause is the best way to reduce the heart rate.
Ways to reduce sudden changes in heart rate include:
- practicing deep or guided breathing techniques, such as box breathing
- relaxing and trying to remain calm
- going for a walk, ideally away from an urban environment
- having a warm, relaxing bath or shower
- practice stretching and relaxation exercises, such as yoga
Many lifestyle habits can contribute to lower the resting heart rate in the long term.
They may also improve a persons ability to maintain a healthy heart rate during physical activity and stress.
The following tips may help to lower the heart rate in the long term:
1. Exercise: The easiest and most effective way to achieve a lasting lower heart rate is to do regular exercise.
2. Stay hydrated: When the body is dehydrated, the heart has to work harder to stabilize blood flow. Throughout the day, drink plenty of sugar- and caffeine-free beverages, such as water and herbal tea.
3. Limit intake of stimulants, such as caffeine and nicotine: Stimulants can cause dehydration, increasing the hearts workload.
4. Limit alcohol intake: Most forms of alcohol dehydrate the body. Alcohol is also a toxin, and the body must work harder to process and remove it.
Heart-healthy nutrients include:
Heart Rate Tips To Keep In Mind
- Start at your beginning.;Before getting overly concerned about your heart rate, Martin says, its best to simply get moving. If you havent exercised much before, start where youre comfortable and gradually exert yourself more over time.
- Listen to your body.;Your body provides other indicators of how hard its working that you need to consider along with heart rate. Pay attention to how hard youre breathing or sweating, and stop if you feel very uncomfortable, Martin says. Devices recording your heart rate have been known to malfunction, for exampleanother reason listening to your body is important.
- Remember that target heart rate is just a guide.;Dont get overly fixated on numbers, Martin says. Ideally, they just push you to work a little harder.
Question: How To Lower Heart Rate During Exercise
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Ways to reduce sudden changes in heart rate include: practicing deep or guided breathing techniques, such as box breathing. relaxing and trying to remain calm. going for a walk, ideally away from an urban environment. having a warm, relaxing bath or shower. practice stretching and relaxation exercises, such as yoga.
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A Lower Resting Heart Rate Is Healthy
The resting heart rate for an adult typically varies between 60 and 100 beats per minute.
With an average life expectancy of 75 and 85 years in most of the Western world countries, quick math reveals that the ticker should expect to be contracting anywhere between 2,365,200,000 and 4,467,600,000 times.
Even without counting the zeros, its plain to see thats a lot of work for one muscle. An athletes heart, on the other hand, is bigger and stronger than the average Joes and, therefore, needs far fewer beats to do its job.
That is a huge difference, and it comes with notable consequences.
Indurains of the world aside, a well-trained athletes resting heart rate can fall as low as below 40 beats per minute. If the athletes life span is the same as that of someone whose heart works 100 times a minute, the athletes heart would only need to take on around 40 % of the workload of the less trained heart.
The most significant health benefit of a low RHR is a substantially decreased risk of heart disease and cardiac events, like heart attacks. The potential immediate downsides of a fast-beating heart are low energy levels, chest pain or discomfort, reduced blood circulation, and chest pain or discomfort.
What Should Your Heart Rate Be During Exercise
- 06 May 2019
Our heart rate is getting a lot more attention these days thanks to the proliferation of fancy fitness trackers and smart watches. But how much do you really understand about the;essential organ hammering away in your chest and what the info those products are telling you about it?
Like, what is a normal resting heart rate? And, what should your heart rate be during a workout? Plus, what are the benefits of tracking your heart rate?
Understanding how to train your heart in a workout is vital, so here we’re answering all your questions about heart health and exercise.;
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How Do I Get My Heart Rate In The Target Zone
When you work out, are you doing too much or not enough? Theres a simple way to know: Your target heart rate helps you hit the bullseye so you can get max benefit from every step, swing and squat. Even if youre not a gym rat or elite athlete, knowing your heart rate can help you track your health and fitness level.
Defining Maximum Heart Rate
According to the American Heart Association your maximum heart rate is the number of heart beats you have per minute when you are at your highest exercise ability. But, as Dr. Singh point out, you only want to reach what’s called your target heart rate 60 to 80 percent of that number. Also, this range gradually lowers with age.
To find the target heart rate range for your age, subtract your age from 220 and then multiply that number by 0.60 and by 0.80 to find the low and high ends of the range. If you are 40 years old, for instance, this formula will tell you that your target range for healthy exercise is about 108 to 144 beats a minute.
Increasing your heart rate during exercise is the best way to increase your heart strength and lower your risk for heart attack, according to Harvard Health Publishing. If you exercise a lot and are in excellent physical shape, it will take more exercise to get to your target range. If you’re new to exercise, your heart rate will increase quickly with less exercise.
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How To Lower Your Heart Rate Over Time
In the long term, the best way to lower your heart rate is by following a program that includes exercise, a healthy diet, limited caffeine and alcohol, and good sleep, suggests Johnson. The exercise component can involve either extended low-intensity sessions or interval training that mixes high- and low-effort episodes, she says.
What Causes Bradycardia
Mayo Clinic explains that bradycardia is more common in older people with heart damage, incurred from a heart attack or heart surgery, for instance. Infections of the heart called myocarditis can also cause bradycardia. “Other common causes include an underactive thyroid gland and medications that slow the heart, like some blood pressure or heart medications,” says Dr. Singh.
Also, electrical heart problems can make it impossible for your heart to respond to exercise. Electrical impulses that control your heartbeats start in the right upper chamber of your heart, in a natural pacemaker called your sinus node. From there, electrical signals travel down to the lower chambers of your heart to trigger heartbeats. Sinus node problems can cause dangerous bradycardia, according to the Mayo Clinic.
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What The Experts Do
Monitor Heart Rate for Motivation
For Johns Hopkins cardiologist Michael Blaha, M.D., M.P.H., most workoutstake place on an elliptical trainer in his home. His machine has electrodeson which he can place his hands to automatically see his heart rate. Itgives me a sense of how hard Im working, he says.
Blaha also uses his targeted heart rate to guide the course that heprogrammed into the machine, so that he works up to where he wants to be interms of exertion. Knowing your target heart rate and trying to achieve itcan be very motivating, he says.
Stay on Top of Your Heart Health
If you have a new or existing heart problem, it’s vital to see a doctor. Our heart health checklist can help you determine when to seek care.
How To Find Your Heart
There are many different formulas that you can use to calculate your maximum heart rate and find your personal heart-rate training zones. The easiest way is by using an age-based equation these are straightforward and easy to work with, as they offer a general guideline. The most common rule is simply 220 minus your age so a 40-year-old would have a theoretical MHR of 180.
The American College of Sports Medicine, meanwhile, suggests age-based formulas with a lower standard deviation, for example, the Gelish equation: 207 minus or Tanaka: 208 minus .
French, however says that purely age-based equations may not be a good fit for everybody because there are too many factors that can affect their accuracy such as gender, fitness level and genetics. Also, research has shown that dehydration, heat, altitude, time of day and natural variation between individuals can all influence heart rate by up to 20 per cent.
The gold standard for finding your maximum heart rate is a treadmill stress test in a lab, but you can simulate one on your own with a heart-rate monitor. At a track, do a warm-up mile or two, followed by a mile at tempo pace, then gradually increase your speed over 400 metres before running a final 400m all out. The highest number on your monitor will be close to your maximum heart rate. Or race a 5K at your fastest pace , running the last one or two minutes as fast as you can. Your heart rate at the end should be close to your MHR.
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Measure Your Heart Rate
To determine your heart rate, use your first two fingers to press lightly over the blood vessels on your inner wristthe side by your thumb. Count your pulse for ten seconds and multiply this number by six.
If your heart rate is 50 to 85 percent of your maximum heart rate, you have hit your target heart zone and are working at the right level of intensity.
Wearing a multifunctional fitness tracker such as the Fitbit, or Nike+ FuelBand SE, does the work for you. The device is worn like a bracelet or watch and measures your heart rate.
Exercising at the right level of intensity improves heart and respiratory endurance and helps keep your workout at a level that is vigorous enough to meet your health goals.