Thursday, April 18, 2024

Prevention For Heart Attack

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How Do You Take Aspirin

4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack

Your doctor will recommend a dose of aspirin and how often to take it. A typical schedule is to take aspirin every day. But your doctor might recommend that you take aspirin every other day. Be sure you know what dose of aspirin to take and how often to take it.

Low-dose aspirin is the most common dose used to prevent a heart attack or a stroke. But the dose for daily aspirin can range from 81 mg to 325 mg. One low-dose aspirin contains 81 mg. One adult-strength aspirin contains about 325 mg.

For aspirin therapy, do not take medicines that combine aspirin with other ingredients such as caffeine and sodium.

Low-dose aspirin seems to be as effective in preventing heart attacks and strokes as higher doses.

If aspirin upsets your stomach, you can try taking it with food. But if that doesn’t help, talk with your doctor. Aspirin can irritate the stomach lining and sometimes cause serious problems.

Other Causes Of A Heart Attack

Not all heart attacks are caused by blockages from atherosclerosis. When other heart and blood vessel conditions cause a heart attack, it is called myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease . MINOCA is more common in women, younger people, and racial and ethnic minorities, including Black, Hispanic/Latino, and Asian people.

Conditions that can cause MINOCA have different effects on the heart.

Other conditions may cause symptoms similar to a heart attack. Your doctor will look at all of your test results to rule them out.

How To Prevent A Heart Attack

Managing your heart disease risk factors and making healthy lifestyle choices can help you prevent a heart attack.

Ira Yapanda/Shutterstock Everyday Health

There are also modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and being overweight or obese, that can make a big difference in heart disease risk. The good news is that reducing these major risks for heart disease can help prevent future heart attacks.

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Be Physically Active Every Day

Be physically active every day. Research has shown that at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity can help lower blood pressure, lower cholesterol and keep your weight at a healthy level. And something IS better than nothing. If you’re inactive now, start out slow. Even a few minutes at a time may offer some health benefits. Studies show that people who have achieved even a moderate level of fitness are much less likely to die early than those with a low fitness level.

Visit Physical Activity and Fitness.

Take Any Prescribed Chest Pain Medication

How to prevent heart attack from happening

If the person already takes medicine for chest pain, they should take it, or make sure they have already taken it, while they wait for the ambulance.

Medications that doctors might have prescribed for chest pain include:

  • nitrates, such as Imdur
  • beta-blockers, such as Metoprolol, Carvedilol, or Atenolol

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What Are The Risk Factors Of Heart Diseases And Conditions

Some heart diseases and blood circulation conditions are passed down from parent to child. Others are the result of lifestyle choices.

Risk factors include:

  • poor diet, which means youre:
  • not eating enough vegetables and fruits
  • consuming too much saturated fats and/or trans fats and salt, common in processed foods
  • sleep apnea
  • a family history of heart diseases and conditions
  • obesity
  • The more risk factors you have, the greater your chance of having a heart disease or condition.

    Know The Warning Signs

    The sooner assistance is sought, the greater the chances of a full recovery. Learn about CPR and get certified from your local organization so that you are able to help out in case someone goes into sudden cardiac arrest.

    Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of CVD

    For many people, the first sign and only symptom of cardiovascular disease is a heart attack or stroke. Strategies to prevent cardiovascular disease in people at higher risk are therefore crucial to reduce the global burden of CVD. The most effective prevention interventions identify and target people at higher risk before they develop a condition.

    Primary prevention mainly targets people who are at high risk of CVD but who have not yet developed a cardiovascular condition. Interventions aim to prevent the onset of disease, which is achieved primarily by maintaining a healthy lifestyle through a healthy diet and regular exercise.

    Tertiary prevention targets people who are already affected by cardiovascular disease and who are already experiencing its long-term effects, and aim to increase life expectancy and improve quality of life. It usually involves major procedures to prevent recurrent symptoms, further deterioration of the disease, and subsequent cardiovascular events. These include coronary angioplasty, stent, bypass surgery, pacemakers, defibrillators, and left ventricular assist devices. For this reason, tertiary prevention is generally more costly and invasive than primary and secondary prevention.

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    Definition Of Optimal Lifestyle

    We considered 6 factors to define optimal lifestyle: smoking, diet, physical activity, television watching, BMI, and alcohol consumption. These factors were selected based on the evidence for their association with CHD and current recommendations for CVD prevention. For each lifestyle factor, a participant received 1 point if she met the criteria for optimal and 0 points if she did not.

    For smoking, the optimal group was defined as those who were not currently smoking. Based on current guidelines, we defined optimal physical activity as engaging in at least 2.5 hours per week of moderate- to vigorous-intensity exercise . As there is not yet a recommendation for T.V. watching, we decided a priori that optimal would be defined as 7 hours/week or less . We defined optimal BMI as 18.524.9 kg/m2 .

    For alcohol, women were classified as being optimal if they consumed an average of 0.1 to 14.9 g of alcohol per day , which is consistent with current guidelines among non-pregnant women who choose to drink . It should be noted that optimal in this case is with regards to cardiovascular risk, as alcohol may increase risk of other outcomes.

    Adopt A Simple And Affordable Lifestyle To Prevent Heart Attacks

    Heart Attack Prevention Tips

    Many young and middle-aged people today are dying of sudden heart attacks. Studies show that cardiovascular diseases strike Indians a decade earlier compared to their Western counterparts.

    Many young and middle-aged people today are dying of sudden heart attacks. Studies show that cardiovascular diseases strike Indians a decade earlier compared to their Western counterparts.

    Why is this happening? How can we prevent it? Are we just focused on post-heart attack action? Or should we be focused more on prevention?

    Luke Coutinho, Holistic Lifestyle Coach Integrative and Lifestyle Medicine shares an input that could prevent heart attacks at a young age:

    Cholesterol is not the culprit, inflammation is: Many people believe that high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides are the sole culprits behind their heart attacks. The main reasons behind most heart attacks are inflammation and oxidative damage in the heart, blood vessels, endothelial lining, arteries, and more. While maintaining healthy cholesterol levels is important, we cannot blame heart attacks on cholesterol levels alone.

    What then can you do to keep inflammation in check and your heart strong? Adopt simple lifestyle changes.

    Learn to accept and let go. Build your self-worth, create a beautiful inner world, reflect inwards, and allow these teachings to slip into your daily living.

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    Are There Other Benefits To Taking Daily Aspirin

    Some studies suggest that daily aspirin therapy may prevent certain cancers.

    In particular, the 2016 USPSTF recommendations reported that taking aspirin on a daily basis likely reduces risk for colorectal cancer, but only after 5 to 10 years of use.


    • are at risk of hemorrhagic stroke
    • drink alcohol on a regular basis
    • need to undergo routine dental or medical procedures
    • are over the age of 70

    If you have any of the above risk factors, its critical to talk with your doctor before taking aspirin.

    Assessment Of Lifestyle Factors

    Information on weight, height , smoking status, and physician diagnosis of disease was obtained biennially. Leisure-time physical activity was assessed in 1991, 1997, 2001, 2005, and 2009 with a previously validated questionnaire on time per week spent on various activities over the previous year. The total hours per week spent engaged in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity was calculated.

    The FFQ was completed every four years beginning in 1991 . For each food item, participants were asked how often a specified portion was consumed during the past year. Nutrient intake was calculated by multiplying the nutrient content of each food by the frequency of intake and summed across all food items . All nutrients were adjusted for total energy intake by regressing nutrient intake on total energy .

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    Population Attributable Risk Percent For Chd Clinical Cvd Risk Factors

    Table 3 additionally provides the PAR% for each healthy lifestyle factor separately as well as all six factors combined. For women in the optimal category for all six lifestyle factors, the PAR% for CHD was 72.7% , suggesting that almost three quarters of all confirmed CHD events in this cohort of younger women could have been prevented if all women were in the optimal group. For diagnosis of at least one clinical CVD risk factor, the PAR% was 46.1% . As a sensitivity analysis, we restricted cases of incident hypertension and hypercholesterolemia only to participants also reporting medication use and the PAR% was 52.7% .

    Here’s How These Changes Stack Up:

    HEALTH PROJECT NOW: Ways to Avoid a Heart Attack
    • 36 percent risk reduction attributed to not smoking.
    • 18 percent reduction for eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, reduced-fat dairy products, whole grains and fish.
    • 12 percent reduction for maintaining a waistline of 37 inches or less .
    • 11 percent reduction for drinking fewer than two alcoholic drinks per day.
    • 3 percent reduction for moderate daily and weekly exercise routines.
    • 1 percent the percentage of study participants who exhibited all five of the healthy habits.

    Why dont more people follow all five of these lifestyle choices? It can be overwhelming if people feel they need to make all of these changes at once, said Dr. Sweitzer. Everyone could look at where they can make the biggest impact on their risk reduction and start with one small change. The biggest potential impact, if you smoke, stop!

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    Diet And High Blood Pressure

    The advice on eating a healthy, balanced diet also applies if you have high blood pressure. In addition, cut down on the amount of salt in your food.

    Salt raises blood pressure. The more salt you eat, the higher your blood pressure. You should aim to eat less than 6g of salt a day that’s around 1 teaspoonful.

    Find out how to cut down on salt.

    Eating a low-fat diet that includes lots of fibre such as wholegrain rice, bread, pasta and plenty of fruit and vegetables has been proven to help lower blood pressure. Fruit and vegetables also contain vital vitamins and minerals and help keep your body healthy.

    You should aim to eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables every day.

    Find out more about getting your 5 A Day.

    Risk Factors You Cant Control

    • Age: The risk of heart disease increases for men after age 45 and for women after age 55 .
    • Family history of early heart disease: You have a higher risk if your father or a brother was diagnosed with coronary artery disease before 55 years of age or if your mother or a sister was diagnosed with coronary artery disease before 65 years of age.
    • Infections from bacteria and viruses

    Watch our video on how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, may affect your heart. Learn about how we support COVID-19 research.

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    Understanding Heart Disease And Stroke

    Disease does not occur in isolation, and cardiovascular disease is no exception. Cardiovascular health is significantly influenced by the physical, social, and political environment, including:

    • Maternal and child health
    • Availability of healthy foods, physical education, and extracurricular activities in schools
    • Opportunities for physical activity, including access to safe and walkable communities
    • Access to healthy foods
    • Quality of working conditions and worksite health
    • Availability of community support and resources
    • Access to affordable, quality health care

    Coronary Artery Disease: Prevention Treatment And Research

    8 Foods That Clean Your Arteries and Can Prevent a Heart Attack

    Coronary artery disease is the number-one killer of both men and women in the United States, and its the most common type of heart disease. This often preventable disease causes the dangerous thickening and narrowing of the coronary arteriesthe vessels that bring blood to the heartwhich disrupts the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart, causing serious problems.

    Without enough blood, coronary artery disease can lead to angina . Over time, the heart has to work harder, possibly causing heart failure or arrhythmia . The damaged arteries may become completely blocked, or become prone to clotting, causing a heart attack.

    Coronary artery disease develops slowly, usually over decades, so the good news is that we have a huge window of opportunity for prevention, through a good lifestyle and healthy habits, says Seth Martin, M.D., M.H.S., of the Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease.

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    What The Study Examined

    Men between the ages of 45 and 79 were recruited in 1997, and surveyed about their eating and activity habits, along with data including their weight, family history of heart disease, and level of education. A total of 20,721 men without any history of cardiovascular disease, cancer, or diabetes were then tracked over an 11-year period.

    Five diet and lifestyle factors were examined: diet, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, belly fat, and daily activity level.

    Here Are More Unsettling Facts:

    • Heart disease causes 1 in 3 womens deaths each year, killing approximately one woman every minute.
    • 90 percent of women have one or more risk factors for developing heart disease.
    • Since 1984, more women than men have died each year from heart disease and the gap between men and womens survival continues to widen.
    • The symptoms of heart disease can be different in women vs. men, and are often misunderstood.
    • While 1 in 31 American women dies from breast cancer each year, 1 in 3 dies of heart disease.

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    Take Your Medication As Prescribed

    If you have a higher risk of developing heart disease or stroke, you may need to take medication to reduce your risk. These can include statins to lower blood cholesterol levels, low-dose aspirin to prevent blood clots, insulin for diabetes and tablets to reduce blood pressure. Take the medication that your doctor has prescribed and make sure you stick to your regiment.

    What Lifestyle Changes Does Heart Disease Require

    How to prevent heart attack from happening

    If youve recently received a heart disease diagnosis, talk to your doctor about steps you can take to stay as healthy as possible. You can prepare for your appointment by creating a detailed list of your everyday habits. Possible topics include:

    • medications you take

    Making these changes all at once might not be possible. Discuss with your healthcare provider which lifestyle changes will have the biggest impact. Even small steps toward these goals will help keep you at your healthiest.

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    Who Should Not Take Aspirin

    People who have certain health problems shouldnt take aspirin. These include people who:

    • Have a stomach ulcer.
    • Have recently had a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain.
    • Are allergic to aspirin.
    • Have asthma that is made worse by aspirin.

    If you think you are having a stroke, do not take aspirin because not all strokes are caused by clots. Aspirin could make some strokes worse.

    Gout can become worse or hard to treat for some people who take aspirin.

    If you take some other blood thinner, talk with your doctor before taking aspirin, because taking both medicines can cause bleeding problems.

    When To Contact A Doctor

    Anyone who thinks they or someone they are with is having a heart attack should call 911 immediately.

    The sooner someone having a heart attack gets to the hospital, the sooner doctors can start treatment. Early treatment can help reduce damage to the heart and increases a personâs chances of surviving.

    Sometimes, a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest. This means the heart stops beating. People in cardiac arrest lose consciousness. It is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.

    Doctors will attempt to restore the blood flow to the heart. The right treatment will depend on the person. It might include:

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    Why Are Heart Disease And Stroke Important

    Currently more than 1 in 3 adults live with 1 or more types of cardiovascular disease.2 In addition to being the first and fifth leading causes of death, heart disease and stroke result in serious illness and disability, decreased quality of life, and hundreds of billions of dollars in economic loss every year.

    The burden of cardiovascular disease is disproportionately distributed across the population. There are significant disparities in the following based on gender, age, race/ethnicity, geographic area, and socioeconomic status:7,8

    • Prevalence of risk factors

    What Is A Heart Attack

    Top 10 Foods to Clean Your Arteries that Can Prevent a Heart Attack

    Heart attack signs and symptoms in men and women: Chest pain or discomfort Shortness of breath Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, back, arm, or shoulder Feeling nauseous, light-headed, or unusually tired.

    A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, happens when a part of the heart muscle doesnt get enough blood.

    The more time that passes without treatment to restore blood flow, the greater the damage to the heart muscle.

    Coronary artery disease is the main cause of heart attack. A less common cause is a severe spasm, or sudden contraction, of a coronary artery that can stop blood flow to the heart muscle.

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