Wednesday, February 1, 2023

Smoking And Heart Attacks Statistics

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Are Other Forms Of Tobacco Safer

Effects of Smoking : How Does Smoking Cause a Heart Attack?

Many people believe that smoking a cigar is safer than smoking a cigarette. But, cigar smokers face many of the same potential risks as cigarette smokers, including cancer. Chewing tobacco or smokeless tobacco products are not safer than cigarettes, either. Smokeless tobacco contains almost 30 cancer-causing chemicals.

E-cigarettes , an emerging form of nicotine delivery, differ from traditional tobacco products. Vaping delivers more concentrated nicotine than cigarettes in a smokeless inhaled mist . Health risks from vape products range from asthma to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer.

Is Smoking Bad For Your Health

Since at least the 1950s, health experts have linked smoking to lung cancer. Research continues to pinpoint more ways tobacco harms your health, from cancers to chronic diseases.

Experts estimate that 16 million Americans live with a disease caused by smoking. Every year, roughly 480,000 people die from smoking-related diseases. That means that for every person who dies from smoking, at least 30 others live with a serious smoking-related illness.

Risk Of Heart Attacks Is Double For Daily E

We just published âAssociation Between Electronic Cigarette Use and Myocardial Infarctionâ in American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Here is the UCSF press release describing the study:

Risk of Heart Attacks Is Double for Daily E-Cigarette Users New Analysis Shows Five-Fold Risk for People Who Use Both Cigarettes and E-Cigarettes Daily

Use of e-cigarettes every day can nearly double the odds of a heart attack, according to a new analysis of a survey of nearly 70,000 people, led by researchers at UC San Francisco.

The research also found that dual use of e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes the most common use pattern among e-cigarette users appears to be more dangerous than using either product alone. The study found that the risks compound, so that daily use of both e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes raises the heart attack risk five-fold when compared to people who dont use either product.

This is the first study to examine the relationship between e-cigarette use and heart attacks, and begins to fill the understanding of the effects of e-cigarettes on long-term health. The study was published Aug. 22, 2018, in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. The data were first presented in February in Baltimore at the 2018 annual meeting of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.

But the research also reported some good news if smokers quit:

The only way to substantially reduce the risk of a heart attack is to stop using tobacco, Glantz said.

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How Does Smoking Change The Heart And Blood Vessels

Smoking:

  • Causes an instant and long-term rise in blood pressure.

  • Causes an instant and long-term increase in heart rate.

  • Reduces blood flow from the heart.

  • Reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the body’s tissues.

  • Increases risk for blood clots.

  • Damages blood vessels.

  • Doubles the risk of stroke .

Smoking has also been linked with depression and stress.

Smoking And Heart Disease And Stroke

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Heart disease and stroke are cardiovascular diseases .1

Heart disease includes several types of heart conditions. The most common type in the United States is coronary heart disease . Coronary heart disease occurs when the walls of arteries that carry blood to the heart are narrowed by plaque, a process known as atherosclerosis.2,3This can cause:

  • Heart attack 2,4
  • Heart failure 2,5

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, causing parts of the brain to become damaged or die.7 Stroke can cause disability 7 or death.

Smoking is a major cause of cardiovascular disease and causes one of every four deaths from CVD.9 Smoking can:10

  • Raise triglycerides
  • Lower good cholesterol
  • Make blood sticky and more likely to clot, which can block blood flow to the heart and brain
  • Damage cells that line the blood vessels
  • Increase the buildup of plaque in blood vessels
  • Cause thickening and narrowing of blood vessels

Breathing secondhand smoke also harms your health. Secondhand smoke is the smoke from burning tobacco products.9,11,12 Secondhand smoke also is smoke breathed out by a someone smoking.11,12

Breathing secondhand smoke can cause coronary heart disease and stroke.10,11,12 Know the facts:9

In addition to your ABCS, several lifestyle choices can help protect your heart and brain health. These include the following:13,14

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About Heart Disease .
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    Heart Attack Statistics You Must Be Aware Of In 2022

    Cardiovascular diseases are heart and blood vessel conditions that remain the leading cause of premature death. To emphasize, heart attack statistics show that four out of five deaths related to CVD are due to heart attacks and strokes. In general, people at risk of developing CVD often suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

    Identifying those at the highest risk of developing one of these cardiovascular diseases and starting appropriate treatment can prevent further complications or even death. Here, we have a collection of the most critical facts and stats related to heart attacks.

    Smoking And Coronary Heart Disease

    Coronary heart disease is the most common form of atherosclerotic CVD and is responsible for the largest share of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is also associated with increased risk of sudden death . Cigarette smoking has been consistently and causally linked to coronary heart disease in prospective studies . The INTERHEART study , a large international case-control study, showed that smoking tripled the risk of heart attack. The risk was highest among younger patients, in whom tobacco use increased risk more than sevenfold. The risk had a dose-response relationship, increasing linearly with an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day and duration of use . In addition, women using tobacco lose the gender protection against heart disease noted among women younger than age 50 years . In the Nursesâ Health Study , heart disease increased more than fourfold among female nurse smokers over never-smokers. This risk was greatest among those who started smoking before age 15 years . In a pooled analysis of more than 2.4 million people, female smokers were 25 percent more likely to develop coronary heart disease than male smokers .

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    Facts About Smoking And Heart Disease

    • One out of every 5 smoking-related deaths is caused by heart disease.

    • Women older than 35 who smoke and take birth control pills are at much greater risk for heart disease or stroke.

    • Cigarette smokers are 2 to 4 times more likely to get heart disease than nonsmokers.

    • Cigarette smoking doubles a person’s risk for stroke.

    How Does Smoking Affect Your Body

    Just One Cigarette a Day Ups Risk for Heart Attack, Stroke

    Tobacco use harms every organ in your body. Smoking tobacco introduces not only nicotine but also more than 5,000 chemicals, including numerous carcinogens , into your lungs, blood and organs.

    The damage caused by smoking can shorten your lifespan significantly. In fact, smoking is the number one cause of preventable death in the United States.

    Pregnant women who smoke put their unborn babies at risk, too. Possible effects on pregnancy include:

    • Ectopic pregnancy, a life-threatening condition when the embryo implants outside the uterus.
    • Birth defects, such as cleft palate.
    • Low birth weight.

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    Prothrombotic Effects Of Smoking

    Smoking promotes thrombosis through two mechanisms strongly implicated in adverse cardiovascular events: activation and aggregation of platelets and activation of the coagulation system . Although the latter mechanism is important and occurs through increased production of thrombosis factorsâsuch as thrombin, fibrinogen, and von Willebrand factorâand decreased dissolution of blood clots , the former is especially critical in CVD pathophysiology. This mechanism is largely responsible for thrombi that form in coronary arteries following plaque rupture and cause heart attacks by blocking arterial blood supply to the myocardium.

    Several mechanisms explain the platelet-activating effects of smoking. These mechanisms include elevated levels of platelet-activating substance, which are partly caused by oxidation of phospholipids impaired release of nitric oxide, which inhibits platelet activation, caused by oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction and increased production of substances that promote platelet aggregation . Fibrinogen levels are known to vary with the number of cigarettes smoked, as do high red blood cell count and blood viscosity . Smoking also leads to more binding of platelets to white blood cells, a process that is both proinflammatory and prothrombotic and changes the structure of platelets to make them more susceptible to aggregation.

    Heart Disease By The Numbers

    What else do we know about heart disease? Whether its a heart attack or coronary heart disease, the statistics from the CDC and the American Heart Association are alarming:

    • An estimated 655,000 Americans die from heart disease each year translating to 13% of all deaths
    • One American loses their life every 36 seconds from cardiovascular disease
    • Cardiovascular diseases kill more people each year than cancer and lower respiratory disease combined
    • Of people in the US, 805,000 experience a heart attack every year
    • Coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease
    • Of those who have a heart attack, 25% have suffered one before
    • In 2016, someone in this country died of a stroke every 3 minutes and 35 seconds

    While some of the risk factors that contribute to cardiovascular diseases are related to genetics, most arent. That means lifestyle choices can play a role in determining whether you door dontdevelop a heart-related health problem.

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    Smoking And Carotid And Cerebrovascular Diseases

    Similar to its association with heart attack, cigarette smoking is causally associated with stroke . The INTERSTROKE studyâa study involving 3,000 cases and controls in 22 countries and designed to establish associations between various risk factors and strokeârevealed that the odds of having ischemic stroke was 2.3 and that of having hemorrhagic stroke was 1.4 times higher among smokers than among nonsmokers .

    Smoking in conjunction with hypertension was the main risk factor identified for stroke, and a dose-response relationship exists with the number of cigarettes smoked per day. A meta-analysis using 32 cohorts and case-control studies involving more than 11,000 stroke events showed a 50 percent overall increase in risk of stroke in smokers. This risk appears to be higher among women, young smokers, and heavy smokers . Smoking is also strongly implicated in transient ischemic attacks, a transient and milder form of stroke with symptoms typically resolving within 24 hours. Smoking has also been shown to increase the risk of dementia, another increasing global health challenge, including dementia caused by Alzheimerâs disease .

    High Blood Pressure Is A Major Risk Factor For Heart Disease

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    High blood pressure occurs when the pressure of the blood in your arteries and other blood vessels is too high and can cause the arteries to stiffen.

    You can lower your blood pressure with lifestyle changes like reducing sodium intake or taking medication to reduce your risk for heart disease and heart attack.

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    Cardiovascular Risk Of Smoking And Benefits Of Smoking Cessation

    Giuseppina Gallucci1, Alfredo Tartarone2, Rosa Lerose3, Anna Vittoria Lalinga4, Alba Maria Capobianco2

    1 Department of Onco-Hematology, Division of Medical Oncology, 3 Pathology Unit, IRCCS-CROB Referral Cancer Center of Basilicata, Rionero in Vulture , Italy

    Contributions: Conception and design: G Gallucci, A Tartarone Administrative support: None Provision of study materials or patients: None Collection and assembly of data: None Data analysis and interpretation: None Manuscript writing: All authors Final approval of manuscript: All authors.

    Correspondence to:

    Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases tobacco smoking secondhand smoke

    Submitted Feb 05, 2020. Accepted for publication Feb 28, 2020.

    doi: 10.21037/jtd.2020.02.47

    What Other Conditions May Be Caused Or Worsened By Tobacco

    In addition to its known cancer risks, smoking causes many other chronic health problems that need ongoing care. Specific smoking-related problems that need treatment include:

    • Erectile dysfunction.
    • Lower oxygen to the heart and other tissues in the body .
    • More frequent routine illnesses like colds, especially in children living with smokers.
    • Poorer lung function leading to COPD, asthma, bronchitis, or emphysema.

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    How Does Smoking Increase Heart Disease Risk

    The nicotine present in smoke causes heart disease by:

    There’s no one way to quit smoking that works for everyone. To quit, you must be ready both emotionally and mentally. You must also want to quit smoking for yourself and not to please your friends or family. It helps to plan ahead. This guide may help get you started.

    How Are Health Problems From Tobacco Diagnosed

    Does Smoking Increase Heart Disease?

    Diagnosis depends on your specific symptoms. For example, a smokeless tobacco user who develops stomach cancer from swallowing juice with nicotine in it will need different tests than a person who inhales smoke.

    If you smoke, your healthcare provider will ask for details about your tobacco use, physically examine you and sometimes order tests .

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    Articles On Risks Of Coronary Artery Disease

    Most people associate cigarette smoking with breathing problems and lung cancer. But did you know that smoking is also a major risk factor for heart disease?

    About 20% of deaths from heart disease in the U.S. are directly related to smoking.

    A person’s chance of heart disease increases with the number of cigarettes they smoke. How long theyâve smoked matters, too. If you have a pack of cigarettes a day, youâre twice as likely to have a heart attack as someone who doesnât smoke. Women who take birth control pills and smoke cigarettes increase their risk of heart attack, stroke, blood clots, and peripheral vascular disease greatly.

    When you smoke, the people around you are at risk for having health problems, too. Thatâs especially true for children.

    Secondhand smoke can cause chronic respiratory conditions, cancer, and heart disease. About 35,000 nonsmokers die from heart disease each year as a result of exposure to it.

    Smoking Marijuana And Heart Attacks

    The US has placed cannabis in Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act, which means it can have a negative impact on our body and is likely to be misused. Several cannabis stakeholders have requested the US federal drug law enforcement agency DEA to remove cannabis from the banned drugs category. Despite criticism, marijuana also offers many health benefits. Its cannabinoids can also be extracted separately to seek distinct health benefits. In this article, we shall explain how smoking marijuana and heart attacks are interlinked.

    Lets get started!

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    India Is Reporting A High Number Of Heart Attack Reports Learn About Recent Cases Precautions And More

    Heart attack reports are increasing in India, where many deaths and serious injuries have been reported. A heart attack is an urgent medical matter. It typically happens when a blood clot obstructs the heart’s blood supply. Without blood, tissue dehydrates and worsens.

    India is experiencing a #Heartattack trend due to the chaos surrounding this medical issue. Doctors have urged those who exercise not to use supplements since they damage the heart.

    According to statistics, the frequency of heart attack-related deaths has climbed by 51% over the past six years. Heart attacks claimed the lives of more than 18,000 people in 2015, approximately 22,000 in 2016, and more than 30,000 in 2019. More than 28,400 people passed away from heart attacks in 2021.

    SEE ALSO: Legendary Australian Cricketer Shane Warne Passes Away At 52 Cause Of Death Is “Suspected Heart Attack”

    Cases

    • Siddhaanth Vir Suryavanshi, an actor, passed away on Friday at the age of 46 after allegedly collapsing at the gym.
    • Raju Srivastava, a comedian, also passed away suddenly earlier this year after collapsing in the gym while using the treadmill.
    • On Saturday, a 23-year-old Up teacher passed away from a heart attack while offering prayers.
    • Similarly, a man in Madhya Pradesh’s Katni district passed away from a heart attack while offering prayers at a shrine.
    Don’t take your heart ‘casually.’ If you have any of the following symptoms, call your doctor right away:

    Female Heart Attack Statistics By Age Show That 1 In 16 Women Over The Age Of 20 Has Coronary Heart Disease

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    About 6.2% of all women over 20 have the most common type of heart diseasecoronary heart disease, which is associated with a heart attack. To be more specific, thats 6.1% of White women, 6.5% of Black women, and 6% of Hispanic women. As for Asian women, 1 in 30 of women have coronary heart disease.

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    Smoking And Heart Disease Risk

    The chemicals you breathe in when you smoke damage your heart and blood vessels in ways that increase the chances you will develop atherosclerosis. This increases your risk of having and dying from heart disease, heart failure, or a heart attack long term.

    Atherosclerosis is when a waxy substance builds up in the arteries. Over time, that plaque hardens and narrows these blood vessels. This limits the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your organs, including your heart, and other parts of your body.

    Smoking is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease, a condition that happens when that plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply your heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood, which it needs to keep working properly.

    The buildup of plaque also makes it more likely that blood clots form in your arteries. Blood clots can partially or completely block blood flow.

    In short, smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease. Compared with nonsmokers, people who smoke are more likely to get heart disease or have a heart attack.

    Smokings risks also impact your risk factors in other ways.

    Quitting smoking benefits your heart and blood vessels and reduces your risk for heart disease. There are many strategies that aim to help you quit smoking and live a heart-healthy life.

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