How To Monitor Heart Rate During Exercise
There are two different ways of measuring and monitoring your heart rate during exercise.
Both options are very precise, so it simply comes down to which device you prefer for the way you exercise.
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Measuring Your Heart Rate
Watch any medical drama on TV and the first thing youll see the doctor do is measure the patients heart rate. Firstly because yes, it means theyre alive! Secondly, because our heart rate reveals so much about our general health and fitness. For example, a weak pulse or a racing heart rate can be a sign to a medical professional that something is not right.
So what exactly are they checking? By definition, your heart rate means the number of times your heart beats in a minute. The two most common ways to describe heart rate are:
- In beats per minute .
- As a percentage of your maximum heart rate .
What Happens To Heart Rate During Exercise Quizlet
Your pulse rate increases when you are doing exercise as your muscles need more oxygen. After you have finished your exercise your pulse rate will slower decrease again back to normal.
What happens when your heart beats too fast during exercise?
Possible complications include: frequent fainting. blood clots, which can lead to a stroke or heart attack. heart failure.
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Is 128 A Good Heart Rate When Exercising
After six months or more of regular exercise, you may be able to exercise comfortably at up to 85 percent of your maximum heart rate.Measuring Heart Rate. Age/yrs Target HR Zone 60 80136 beats per minute 160 beats per minute 65 78132 beats per minute 155 beats per minute 70 75128 beats per minute 150 beats per minute.
Ideally Fuel Up Two Hours Before You Exercise By:
- Hydrating with water.
- Eating healthy carbohydrates such as whole-grain cereals , whole-wheat toast, low-fat or fat-free yogurt, whole grain pasta, brown rice, fruits and vegetables.
- Avoiding saturated fats and even a lot of healthy protein because these types of fuels digest slower in your stomach and take away oxygen and energy-delivering blood from your muscles.
If you only have 5-10 minutes before you exercise, eat a piece of fruit such as an apple or banana.
The key is to consume easily digested carbohydrates, so you dont feel sluggish, Platt said.
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Creating Your Heart Rate Training Plan
So now you know what your heart rate zones are, its time to create your training plan. This is something you can easily do yourself, based on the types of workouts you enjoy.
Your training plan should include a mixture of different cardio workouts that cover each of your heart rate zones. Take the opportunity to think about what you want out of each week and create a mix that will motivate you, especially when you start to see the results.
Unsure how much time you should spend working out each week? The American Heart Association recommends that adults aim for at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity or 75 minutes per week of vigorous aerobic activity, ideally a blend of both. This works out to be a very achievable 22 minutes per day but you can always do more.
Even if youre only interested in one type of training, such as running, its still important to include this variety of workouts to supplement your practice. Add some yoga or drill days to your training plan to enhance your running by building strength and improving your mobility.
The best thing about having a varied training plan is that you can always swap your days around based on how youre feeling. Life doesnt always go according to any plan, so if you havent had a great nights sleep you can do some slow stretches in zone 1 or 2. Having a busy day? Swap your long run for a quick HIIT session in zone 4.
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Why Train With Heart Rate
Your heart rate is a useful tool for understanding and improving your fitness level and performance. Training with heart rate allows you to monitor and control the intensity of your workouts, allowing for variation in your training plan.
The best part of training with heart rate means that every second of your workout counts. By monitoring your heart rate during exercise, youll enhance both your fitness and recovery time, which combined will improve your overall performance.
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Recommended Target Heart Rates
Once you know your maximum heart rate, aim to work at a percentage of it during a cardio session. The American Heart Association suggests that maintaining your heart rate between 50 percent and 80 percent of its maximum is enough to provide cardiovascular benefits. For maximum results, however, keep your heart rate in a zone of between 70 percent and 90 percent of its maximum when you’re already relatively fit and are intent on improving and maintaining cardiovascular fitness.
Athletes may have slightly different approaches to heart rate goals during training. Triathletes, runners and cyclists, for example, have workouts in which they work in a lower zone of 50 to 60 percent of maximum to build a cardiovascular base. They save higher cardio heart rates for specific, targeted workouts to strategically develop their body’s engine.
Normal Heart Rate Chart When Resting
A resting heart rate is defined as a pulse that is taken when you are calm, sitting or lying down, and the best time to measure a resting heart rate is in the morning before you leave the bed. Generally speaking, a lower heart rate functions more effectively and efficiently.
How to Take Your Heart Rate
Check your own pulse by placing the tips of your first three fingers lightly on the inside of your wrist below your thumb. You can also check your pulse by placing two fingers on your neck beside the windpipe. You may have to feel around until you feel the pulse beneath your fingers. Once you feel a pulse, use the second hand of a watch or clock to time 10 seconds while simultaneously counting your heart beats. Then multiply the number of heartbeats by 6 to get your heart rate per minute, or number of beats = ______ x 6 = ______beats/min.
Then compare it to the normal heart rate chart below:
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Overall Know What Feels Best To You
An increased heart rate during a workout is normal, and just because it hits a certain number doesnt mean youre at risk for any complications.
Whats most important is learning to understand your healthy heart rate range and how that interacts with the exercises you do most frequently.
If youre feeling good after a heart-pumping workout and your regular fitness expectations are in line, youre probably fine. But, if you notice irregularities, pain or anything that doesnt fit into your normal workout, you should contact a doctor.
Does Your Healthy Exercise Heart Rate Change With Age
While you might think that there are things that you can do to stop the effects of aging, as you age your optimal heart rate while exercising is going to drop .,no matter what you do.
As you get older you will need to closely monitor the intensity of your workouts.
Now that you know that your exercise heart rate is going to lower as you get older, you might want to know exactly what your heart rate should be. There are several different ways to calculate this rate.
The first method is known as the Karvonen approach. It is perhaps the easiest, and while it doesnt give you the most exact number, it is a good ballpark number to work off of.
- Simplest way What you do is you take the number 220, and then you simply subtract your age. The number that you arrive at is considered your peak heart rate while exercising. This, however, isnt very accurate and some experts suggest that you work towards a goal of 80% of that total number. What this means is that if you are 58 then your exercise heart rate should be 162, 80% of that is 129. While this isnt a perfect method, it is easy to apply.
- More accurate method To get a more exact heart rate number you will need something a bit more involved than a simple piece of subtraction. The most precise number comes from a heart rate stress test. This particular method will give you the most accurate maximum heart rate number you can find.
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Prepare For A Rise Or Fall
A variety of factors can cause a rise or fall in your heart rate during exercise. Knowing these factors allows you to adjust your workout intensity to remain in your target zone. Hot weather can cause a spike in your heart rate, as can obesity and thyroid medication. Beta blockers, meanwhile, can cause a decrease in your heart rate. Certain body positions and especially a quick change in the position of your body can result in a temporary heart rate change.
How Often Should You Be Working Out At A Moderate Or Vigorous Intensity
The Australian Department of Healthâs Physical Activity Guidelines recommend adults do at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise five times a week , or at least 75 minutes of vigorous intensity exercise a week . Here are a few simple tips for making physical activity part of your every day.
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Exercising With Optimal Heart Rate
An optimal heart rate during exercises will increase as your workouts increase. There will be proper circulation of blood to your muscles. Also, oxygen and nutrients are circulated adequately to keep your entire body functioning well.
The optimal heart rate when working out depends on the individual since it can be influenced by a few different factors such as:
- Fitness condition: A runner or athletic person usually has a lower resting heart rate than non-athletic people. So, the optimal heart rate will vary depending on your current fitness level.
- Air temperature: Sometimes, heat and humidity can increase your heart rate.
- Use of medications: Some medications like beta-blockers can slow your heart rate. Conversely, a high dose of thyroid medication can increase your heart rate.
- Stress: Stress can trigger some emotions that can either quicken your heart rate or slow it down.
- Age: Your age also determines your average heart rate when exercising. To figure out your optimal heart rate, you should use the formula mentioned above .
What Is Ideal Resting And Maximum Heart Rate During Exercises
Heart rate shows how far a person is or can push themselves during a rigorous exercise. A low heart rate means a person could increase the intensity of that activity, while a high heart rate could be dangerous. Cardiovascular exercises and running increase a persons heart rate. The ideal heart rate zone for exercising and training depends on the persons age, fitness level, specific activity levels, as well as their medical conditions .
You can maximize your fitness or weight loss goals by keeping a track on the heart rate levels.
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Measure Your Heart Rate
To determine your heart rate, use your first two fingers to press lightly over the blood vessels on your inner wristthe side by your thumb. Count your pulse for ten seconds and multiply this number by six.
If your heart rate is 50 to 85 percent of your maximum heart rate, you have hit your target heart zone and are working at the right level of intensity.
Wearing a multifunctional fitness tracker such as the Fitbit, or Nike+ FuelBand SE, does the work for you. The device is worn like a bracelet or watch and measures your heart rate.
Exercising at the right level of intensity improves heart and respiratory endurance and helps keep your workout at a level that is vigorous enough to meet your health goals.
How To Check Your Pulse And Heart Rate
Exercise is an important part of cancer prevention. You need 150minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorousexercise each week to help lower your cancer risk. Your heart rate canhelp you determine if the exercise youre doing is moderate orvigorous.
If youre working at 50 to 70% of your maximum heart rate, then thatexercise is considered moderate. If youre working at 70 to 85% ofyour heart rate then its vigorous exercise.
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Whats An Ideal Target Heart Rate
Your target heart rate during exercise should be between 50% to 85% of your MHR, depending on what type of exercise you are doing and for what purpose.
For example, if you want to improve your endurance, you should do long training sessions at low intensity. If your aim is to improve your cardiovascular health, then high-intensity interval training is what you should try.
Increased Intensity Equals Increased Heart Rate
One of the first things you’ll notice upon starting a cardiovascular exercise, such as running, swimming or jumping rope, is an increase in your heart rate. Your heart must beat faster during exercise so it can supply your body with oxygen to sustain the activity. Its increased rate strengthens the heart itself, but you must take care to avoid raising your heart rate to an unhealthy level. To do so, you must understand your maximum heart rate and target heart rate.
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Why Is My Heart Rate So High When Jogging
What is best heart rate for fat burn?
To determine your maximum heart rate, subtract your age from 220. For example, a 35-year-olds maximum heart rate is 220 minus 35 or 185 beats per minute. To enter the fat-burning zone, shed want her heart rate to be 70 percent of 185, which is about 130 beats per minute.
How To Determine Your Ideal Heart Rate
As you can tell, your ideal heart rate is dependent on many factors, so determining an ideal can take practice and self-monitoring. Mehta has this advice: It is important to know that there is no heart rate that is necessarily too low or too high with exertion. I would base these levels more on how an individual feels. For example, when I exert myself too much, my heart rate is 180 bpm, and I feel very short of breath. In this case, training to an HR of 180 appears too high, whereas, for others, it can be normal.
With that said, there are methods of determining your ideal heart rate based on the maximal heart rate for your age. A simple calculation is 220 minus your age equals maximal heart rate. Two other more complicated, however perhaps more accurate formulas are:
Tanakas Formula :
208 minus = maximum heart rate
Gulatis Formula :
206 minus = maximum heart rate
This number is purely hypothetical since many people cannot attain their maximal heart rate because doing so is simply too uncomfortable. High-level athletes can maintain and even surpass their theoretical maximal heart rates, says Burns.
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Running Heart Rate Zones And Energy
Once you have an idea of your maximum heart rate, you can use this to understand your five heart rate zones. Each zone is a percentage of your maximum heart rate, which indicate the intensity of any exercise you do so that you can understand how hard you are pushing yourself.
For your overall fitness, its good to do workouts in different heart rate zones because each one has its benefits for your body. In order to achieve the right mix, some people create a heart rate training plan.
You can narrow this focus slightly when it comes to running. Most heart rate training programs work within five zones, but you can simplify it to three, says Lakritz. There are specific energy systems in the body that are used when training at different intensities. You can assign a heart rate to each of these systems.
Charts Of Normal Resting And Exercising Heart Rate
The heart is an organ located just behind and slightly to the left of the breastbone, and pumps blood through a network of veins and arteries known as the circulatory system. The right atrium is sent blood from the veins, and delivers it to the right ventricle. It’s then pumped into the lungs where it is oxygenated. The left atrium is sent oxygen enriched blood from the lungs and delivers it to the left ventricle, where it’s then pumped throughout the body, and the ventricular contractions create blood pressure.
A pulse is the beating of the heart as it’s felt through the walls of an artery, such as the radial artery at the wrist. Pulse rates can also be felt and measured at the carotid artery located on the side of the neck, the temporal artery at the temple, or the femoral artery on the anterior side of the hip, and a chart showing normal heart rate can be used to check on your heart rate.
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