What Treatments Are Available For Heart Disease
Heart disease treatment options for different types of heart disease often include:
Lifestyle Modifications These are frequently the initial actions in treating heart disease. A heart-healthy diet reduced in sodium and fat, regular exercise, giving up smoking, and moderate alcohol use are just a few examples of lifestyle adjustments.
Medication If changing your lifestyle is not enough to treat your heart condition, your doctor may recommend taking medication. The disease and severity will determine the kind of medication that is recommended.
Surgery Surgery can be required if dietary modifications and prescription drugs are insufficient. Which type of surgery your doctor advises depends on the type of cardiac disease you have and how much damage your heart has sustained.
Why Eat Five A Day
- According to NHS advice, fruit and veg are a good source of vitamins, such as folate, and minerals, such as potassium
- They also contain fibre, which can help keep your gut healthy, prevent digestion problems and reduce risk of bowel cancer
- They can help to reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke and some other cancers
- Fruit and vegetables contribute to a healthy, balanced diet
- And they are usually low in fat and calories
Other experts said measuring how much and what kinds of foods people eat over many years in order to study the effect on disease risk was prone to error.
“Unfortunately doubt has to be cast on the reliability of findings from the use of simple questions expecting users to express an average intake value,” said Prof Janet Cade, from the University of Leeds.
The study, published in Frontiers in Nutrition, says people who eat lots of raw vegetables may have a reduced heart risk because cooking vegetables removes important nutrients, such as vitamin C.
Oils and fat used in cooking may also increase intake of sodium and fats, which are known risk factors for heart problems.
People eating a high-vegetable diet may eat fewer calories and less fat, while also consuming more vitamins and anti-oxidants, which can prevent damage to cells.
Fiber Is Essential For A Heart
Breakfast wasnt dubbed the most important meal of the day for nothing. Fuel up on foods high in fiber and low in unhealthy saturated fats in the mornings to start your day out right.
Kelly Kennedy, RDN, Everyday Health’s staff nutritionist, recommends fruits, vegetables, and whole grains for breakfast.
Although dairy can sometimes get a bad rap, she says it can certainly be an important part of a healthy breakfast and overall diet.
A study published in The Lancet in September 2018 found that dairy consumption was associated with a lower risk of death and lower risk of major cardiac events.
Many people who don’t have an allergy or intolerance to dairy products choose to avoid them anyway and use dairy-free alternatives, Kennedy says. Dairy foods can be a valuable part of a balanced diet. They are one of the top food sources of calcium and provide more protein, on average, than any plant-based milk products.
She recommends sticking to fat-free or low-fat varieties of dairy, as full-fat dairy contains unhealthy saturated fat. Oats, either steel-cut or old-fashioned rolled, are also a smart option for breakfast. They are 100 percent whole grain and a good source of soluble fiber, which means they are not only good for you but they will keep you feeling full until lunch, says Rebecca Fuller, RD, a cardiovascular intensive care dietitian at MUSC Heart and Vascular Center in Charleston, South Carolina.
You May Like: What To Do When Someone Has A Heart Attack
What Causes Plaque Buildup In The Arteries
According to Harvard Health, plaques that form inside the artery walls can grow and thicken the walls over time. These harmful plaques are actually fatty deposits that are made up of cholesterol and other substances like calcium .
When the plaque buildup grows within the arteries, it blocks blood flow and causes inflammation.
In some worse cases, the plaque buildup can lead to heart attack, blood clots, strokes, and other heart diseases .
So how does this plaque buildup happens? American Heart Association links high blood pressure and high cholesterol as possible causes .
And modern science now knows that certain foods can cause an elevated level of cholesterol.
The good news is that we can manage our cholesterol level by focusing on healthy foods and avoiding those that up fatty deposits.
Experts know that foods that contain low-density lipoprotein are among the foods that lead to plaque buildup. They should be avoided to reduce the risk of heart disease.
The ones you want to eat more of are those that contain high-density lipoprotein . They work reverse of LDL, removing cholesterol and preventing plaque buildup in the arteries.
Improving Heart Health Naturally9
The neighbors dog is barking at 3 am. The checkout line at the grocery store is 12 people deep. Your car battery just died. Your mother called with troubling news about her health.
How do you react to each of the above? Are you calm or crazy? When lifes hurdles get the best of us, it can contribute to everything from high blood pressure to irritable bowel syndrome.
The link between stress and our hearts is real. Studies have shown that earthquakes and Mondays double the incidence of heart attacks, and that heart disease kills men three times as frequently in the year following a wifes death.
Feeling stressed can also lead to behaviors that increase heart disease risk, such as smoking, skipping exercise, and skipping out to our favorite fast food joint.
Also Check: Enalapril Heart Rate
Recommended Reading: What Is Triple Bypass Heart Surgery
How To Treat A Heart Attack
This article was co-authored by David Nazarian, MD. Dr. David Nazarian is a board certified Internal Medicine Physician and the Owner of My Concierge MD, a medical practice in Beverly Hills California, specializing in concierge medicine, executive health and integrative medicine. Dr. Nazarian specializes in comprehensive physical examinations, IV Vitamin therapies, hormone replacement therapy, weight loss, platelet rich plasma therapies. He has over 16 years of medical training and facilitation and is a Diplomate of the American Board of Internal Medicine. He completed his B.S. in Psychology and Biology from the University of California, Los Angeles, his M.D. from the Sackler School of Medicine, and a residency at Huntington Memorial Hospital, an affiliate of the University of Southern California.There are 8 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 284,533 times.
About every 34 seconds, someone in the U.S. has a heart attack.XTrustworthy SourceJohns Hopkins MedicineOfficial resource database of the world-leading Johns Hopkins HospitalGo to source The physical damage due to heart attack can be minimized by early intervention, so prompt recognition of the signs of a heart attack and immediate transport to a hospital is crucial and greatly increases the chance of survival.
Foods You Should Eat To Prevent Heart Disease
The best diet for preventing heart disease is one rich in whole grains, fruits and vegetables, nuts, poultry, fish and vegetable oils.
A balanced diet along with moderate alcohol intake, limited consumption of red and processed meats and restricted intake of refined foods and beverages with added sugar and sodium is necessary to prevent heart disease.
Recommended Reading: Do Blood Thinners Help Prevent Heart Attacks
Cut Down On Saturated Fat
Saturated fat is found in fatty beef, pork, lamb, and milk products. It can raise your LDL cholesterol levels, which can clog arteries. To reduce your intake of saturated fats, choose lean cuts of meat, trim all visible fat from meat before cooking, and use good fat like ghee and mustard oil instead of butter or lard.
Potato Chips And Other Processed Packaged Snacks
Stay away from the little pouches of salty, crunchy carbs you might encounter in a vending machine, the doctors advised.
Our culture values convenience, which is great, but convenience doesnt mean you have to eat packaged processed foods with added sugars and salt, Freeman said. Nature has provided for us the exact foods we should be eating we just need to eat them.
Those easy, portable, natural foods include apples, carrots and other fruits and vegetables all fiber-rich, nutrient-full options.
Hayes agrees with many nutritionists that simple carbs found in chips, breads and crackers are a bigger issue than fat. Look for ways to increase the complexity of what you eat, in terms of grains and other nutrients, she advised.
Don’t Miss: How To Measure Resting Heart Rate
Why Foods Cause Heart Palpitations
Feeling palpitations after eating is a relatively common experience, which tends to occur when a substance in your food or drinkor your bodys natural biochemical response to that substancejolts the hearts electrical system and causes fluttering sensations, skipped beats, or a feeling that your heart is beating too hard or too fast.
Coffee drinkers, think about the last time you drank one cup too many. You know what I mean!
If your heart is healthy and you have no history of arrhythmia or heart diseaseand youre not experiencing any other symptomstheres little need to worry about an occasional episode of these irregular beats. For people who do have arrhythmias or cardiac issues, however, its a different story. Palpitations caused by food can cause an existing disruption in your hearts rhythm to escalate, and potentially lead to a major event.
The Common Foods That Raise Your Heart Attack Risk
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, claiming one life every 36 seconds, according to the CDC. But there are ways you can avoid becoming a statistic and lower your heart attack risk, and that starts with maintaining a healthy diet.
The FDA recommends that people consume less than 10% of their daily calories from added sugar. But many of us are consuming more than that each day, which isn’t great for heart health. And in addition to sugar, sodium is another concern, as eating too much salt can raise blood pressure. And high blood pressure can cause their arteries to harden and narrow, increasing the risk of heart disease. Plus, there’s also saturated fats to keep in mind, as research has proven that eating foods with high saturated fats can raise your LDL, or “bad” cholesterol, and put you at risk for heart disease, which can lead to a heart attack.
In short, foods that are high in sugar, salt, and saturated fat can ultimately be raising your heart attack risk without you even realizing it. In order to drastically improve your cholesterol and blood pressure levels and overall risk of having a heart attack, you’re going to want to revamp your diet as best as you can.
Read on to see which foods you should avoid in order to keep your heart pumping properly. And while you’re making healthier changes, be sure to add The 7 Healthiest Foods to Eat Right Now to your diet.
Recommended Reading: What Is A Healthy Resting Heart Rate
Heart Disease And Stroke Risk Factors
There is no single cause for CVD, but there are risk factors that increase your chance of a heart attack or stroke. There are modifiable factors and non-modifiable factors .
Heart disease and stroke risk factors that you can change include:
- Management of depression.
Social isolation and lack of social support are risk factors for CVD that can be changed, although it can seem challenging. One way to help with loneliness is to learn how to improve your social connections.
Risk factors you canât change include increasing age, being male, being post-menopausal and having a family history of CVD. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are also at increased risk of CVD.
The good news is that you can reduce your overall risk of developing CVD by leading a healthy lifestyle and taking medicines as prescribed by your doctor.
Dont Miss: Can Ibs Cause Palpitations
These 10 Foods Affect Your Risk Of Heart Disease The Most
Just 10 foods account for nearly half of all heart disease deaths in the U.S., researchers reported Tuesday.
If people ate less salt and meat and ate more nuts, fruits and vegetables, they could greatly lower their own risk of heart disease, the researchers at Tufts Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy found.
You May Like: Congestive Heart Failure What Is It
Surprising Heart Attack Triggers
Eliminate these triggers from your daily routine.
Scientists are discovering surprising new heart attack causesincluding ones you may unknowingly be exposing yourself to every day. Learn about the new heart attack triggers and eliminate them from your daily routine!
quicklist: 1category: Surprising Heart Attack Triggerstitle: Nonstick Chemicalsurl: text: Nonstick and stain-repelling chemicals are convenient, but in terms of health, they might not be worth it. Previously linked to infertility, high cholesterol, and ADHD, a September 2012 study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine also shows a connection between perfluorooctanoic acid chemicals and heart disease. Regardless of age, body mass, or the presence of diabetes or other diseases, researchers found that people with the highest PFOA levels in their blood were twice as likely to have cardiovascular disease compared with people with the lowest levels.
If you use nonstick pots, pans, and bakeware, replace them with uncoated stainless steel, made-in-America cast iron, or glass the minute you start seeing chips in the finish. More PFOA avoidance tactics? Stay away from fabrics, furniture, and carpeting advertised as stain repellent, and eat fast food lessmany fast-food containers contain PFOA-containing grease barriers.
Losing Weight If Needed
Ask your doctor if youre within a moderate weight range. Being overweight or having obesity can put extra stress on the heart.
If youre comfortable, you can try working with a nutritionist or registered dietitian to figure out which foods you can eat that will help you maintain the weight thats right for you.
You May Like: Which Areas Of The Heart Contract To Circulate Blood
Plan Ahead With Daily Menus
One of the most common reasons people eat unhealthy foods is that these foods are often the most readily available and have the fastest prep time. A way to combat this is to plan your heart-healthy meals ahead of time.
Creating daily menus that include heart-healthy foods for each meal and snack can help you put your healthy meal plans into action. Map out the weeks menu ahead of time so you can buy all of your ingredients and prep your meals without panicking or rushing. Ensuring that your body gets all of the nutrients it needs is crucial to heart health, and preparing meals ahead of time can help with this process.
White Rice Bread And Pasta
Rice, bread, pasta, and snacks made from white flour are missing their healthy fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Refined grains quickly convert to sugar, which your body stores as fat. A diet high in refined grains can cause belly fat, which studies link to heart disease and type 2 diabetes. Try to get at least half your grains from whole grains like brown rice, oats, and whole wheat. When you shop, look for the words “100% whole grain.”
Also Check: What Does Heart Attack Feel Like Woman
How To Efficiently Give Yourself A Heart Attack
Theres a feature deeply installed in our human hard drive that often makes us do just the opposite of what we know we should of what love tells us to of what is good not only for our survival but also for our health and our wellbeing, in every possible area of our humanity.
I can still remember the smell of roasted skin when, at four years old or so, my mother told me not to touch the heated iron. Why not? I asked in a baby accent. Because it burns, thats why! she said from above the ironing board. The first thing I did when she turned around is press the palm of my hand against the burning metal with all my strength. They had to scrub off the dead skin later.
But I dont think the rebellion syndrome is exclusive to humans. Every animal Ive ever lived with has rebelled at some point and for no apparent reason other than to do the opposite, to create conflict, to see how it feels, just cause.
I wonder if plants are also made of the same non-compliant materialto a much smaller degree. In fact, we are now seeing nature rebel against us more than any other time in history. Maybe shes trying to imitate us .
S To Prevent Heart Diseases
You can avoid many heart diseases by following these simple steps and enjoy a healthy lifestyle.
- Control high blood pressure
Blood pressure plays a vital role in increasing the risk of heart attack. Regardless of gender, high blood pressure contributes massively in heart diseases. To maintain a healthy heart controlling your blood pressure can actually make a big difference.
Your ideal body mass index should be less than 25. It may seem unrealistic to many, but if you want to lower the risk of heart attack losing the weight should be your first priority. For this, you can add multiple healthy diets along with the medication.
You may feel exhausted or short of breath sometimes whenever you opt to exercise. The fact is that keeping a regular exercise regime can help you lower your blood pressure, thereby you can keep a check on your weight loss regime.
That doesnt mean that you push yourself up and do 30 rounds of lunges or squats , You can walk around your neighborhood especially after dinner for at least 30 minutes.
- Smoking really kills
Yes, the statement you just read above is true. Smoking increases the risk of getting a heart attack. Because, it thickens your blood, creating a plague in the arteries, thus blocking blood circulation through your heart.
Your blood glucose also contributes to thickening your blood. You have to maintain your blood sugar level to avoid blockage of the blood vessels that may hinder smooth circulation.
Read Also: Open Heart Surgery Complications