Monday, October 3, 2022

What Is The Prognosis For Congestive Heart Failure

Don't Miss

Treatments For Heart Failure

An Osmosis Video: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Explained

Treatment for heart failure usually aims to control the symptoms for as long as possible and slow down the progression of the condition.

How you’re treated will depend on what is causing your heart failure.

Common treatments include:

  • lifestyle changes including eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and stopping smoking
  • medicine a range of medicines can help many people need to take 2 or 3 different types
  • devices implanted in your chest these can help control your heart rhythm
  • surgery such as a or a heart transplant

Treatment will usually be needed for life.

A cure may be possible when heart failure has a treatable cause. For example, if your heart valves are damaged, replacing or repairing them may cure the condition.

How Is Chf Diagnosed

After reporting your symptoms to your doctor, they may refer you to a heart specialist, or cardiologist.

The cardiologist will perform a physical exam, which will involve listening to your heart with a stethoscope to detect abnormal heart rhythms.

To confirm an initial diagnosis, a cardiologist might order certain diagnostic tests to examine your hearts valves, blood vessels, and chambers.

There are a variety of tests used to diagnose heart conditions. Because these tests measure different things, your doctor may recommend a few to get a full picture of your current condition.

Carrus Health Advanced Radiology Department

At Carrus Health, we provide the imaging tests you need for a clinical diagnosis of congestive heart failure. We currently offer CT Scans, X-rays, and ultrasounds to diagnose your condition. Our radiology facility in Sherman, Texas is spacious, clean, and comfortable.

To schedule an appointment, please call Carrus Health at 870-2600. Our friendly staff looks forward to assisting you.

Also Check: How To Tell The Difference Between Heartburn And Heart Attack

What Is The Prognosis And Life Expectancy For Congestive Heart Failure

  • The degree to which other organ systems are involved and the severity of other accompanying conditions
  • The person’s symptoms and degree of impairment
  • Other factors that remain poorly understood

With the availability of newer drugs to potentially favorably affect the progression of the disease, the prognosis in congestive heart failure is generally more favorable than that observed just 10 years ago. In some cases, especially when the heart muscle dysfunction has recently developed, a significant spontaneous improvement is not uncommonly observed, even to the point where heart function becomes normal.

Heart failure is often graded on a scale of I to IV based on the patient’s ability to function.

  • Class I includes patients with a weakened heart but without limitation or symptoms.
  • Class II describes patients whose only limitation is heavier workloads.
  • Class III includes patients who experience limitations with everyday activity.
  • Class IV describes patients with severe symptoms at rest or with any degree of effort.
  • The prognosis of heart failure patients is very closely associated with the functional class.

    An important issue in congestive heart failure is the risk of heart rhythm disturbances . Of those deaths that occur in individuals with congestive heart failure, approximately 50% are related to progressive heart failure. Importantly, the other half are thought to be related to serious arrhythmias.

    What Happens If You Have Heart Failure

    12 Signs of Congestive Heart Failure People Often Miss

    People with heart failure have weak hearts that dont work as well as they should. Over time, the illness causes significant damage to the body.

    In the first stages, the heart is less effective. It stretches, grows bigger, and pumps faster to compensate for the lack of strength. The body also changes, with arteries getting smaller and blood being directed away from certain body parts. Many people with heart failure dont know they have a problem in these early stages.

    Towards the end stages of CHF, symptoms will worsen even if lifestyle changes are made, and the body will be unable to compensate for the loss of blood flow. As soon as that happens, the person may start to feel tired, have trouble breathing, and have other problems.

    People can get help managing their end stages congestive heart failure symptoms and slowing down the progress of their condition with a variety of treatments. Its a long-term condition that cant be cured, as well as heart failure. People will eventually reach the end stages of heart failure.

    Even when the person is lying down, they feel a shortness of breath. Their symptoms can change rapidly over a short period of time.

    Also Check: How Do You Calculate Heart Rate

    What Is The Outlook With Heart Failure

    With the right care, congestive heart failure wont stop you from doing the things you enjoy. Your prognosis, or outlook for the future, will depend on:

    • How well your heart muscle is working.
    • Your symptoms.
    • How well you respond to your treatment plan.
    • How well you follow your treatment plan.

    One study says that people with heart failure have a life span 10 years shorter than those who dont have heart failure. Another study showed that the survival rates of people with chronic heart failure were 80% to 90% for one year, but that dropped to 50% to 60% for year five and down to 30% for 10 years.

    A different study found that people who had heart failure and were discharged from the hospital had expected life spans ranging from three to 20 years, depending on various factors like age and gender. Its important to look at your specific situation when considering your prognosis.

    Factors That Can Worsen Symptoms Of Heart Failure

    The symptoms of heart failure can be worsened by a number of factors, including:

    • anaemia
    • too much salt, fluid, or alcohol in the diet
    • pregnancy
    • some viral and bacterial infections
    • kidney diseases

    Treatment for heart failure may include:

    • medicines, such as
    • diuretics to remove excess fluid and improve symptoms of heart failure
    • mineralcortiocoid receptor antagonists are also recommended and used in most patients with heart failure to reduce mortality and hospitalisation
    • ACE inhibitors to open up blood vessels, reduce blood pressure and reduce sodium retention and water retention
    • certain beta-blockers to slow the heart rate and reduce its work
    • aldosterone blockers to reduce blood pressure and reduce the effects of damage to the heart muscle
    • ACE inhibitors, beta blockers and aldosterone blockers can increase survival and reduce the likelihood of hospitalisation.
  • addressing the underlying disorder for example, treatment of high blood pressure
  • lifestyle changes such as regular gentle physical activity, losing excess body fat, stopping smoking, adhering to healthy eating patterns with low salt, restricting alcohol and having adequate rest
  • surgery to replace narrowed or leaking heart valves
  • coronary bypass surgery in some cases
  • heart transplant in extreme cases.
  • Recommended Reading: Can Low Potassium Cause Heart Palpitations

    Take Care Of Your Mental Health Too

    While stress is never pleasant, it can be especially hard on your heart. Anger management is also an important aspect of heart health.

    Talking with a therapist or joining a support group can help with keeping your stress levels down and giving you accountability for the lifestyle changes youre making.

    How Is Heart Failure Treated

    Congestive Heart Failure: What Is It?

    Your treatment will depend on the type of heart failure you have and, in part, what caused it. Medications and lifestyle behaviors are part of every treatment plan. Your healthcare provider will talk to you about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment is the same, regardless of gender.

    As heart failure gets worse, your heart muscle pumps less blood to your organs, and you move toward the next stage of heart failure. Since you cant move backward through the heart failure stages, the goal of treatment is to keep you from moving forward through the stages or to slow down the progression of your heart failure.

    Stage A treatment

    The usual treatment plan for people with Stage A heart failure includes:

    • Regular exercise, being active, walking every day.
    • Stopping the use of tobacco products.
    • Treatment for high blood pressure .
    • Treatment for high cholesterol.
    • Not drinking alcohol or using recreational drugs.
    • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker if you have coronary artery disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, or other vascular or cardiac conditions.
    • Beta-blocker if you have high blood pressure.

    Stage B treatment

    The usual treatment plan for people with Stage B heart failure includes:

    Stage C treatment

    The usual treatment plan for people with Stage C HF-rEF includes:

    If the treatment causes your symptoms to get better or stop, you still need to continue treatment to slow the progression to Stage D.

    Stage D treatment

    You May Like: How Does Blood Flow Through The Heart

    Causes Of Heart Failure And Congestive Heart Failure

    Heart failure and CHF are typically caused by other conditions that damage the heart. Some of these conditions are:

    When the heart is weakened, it has difficulty pumping blood forward, so blood and fluid back up into the lungs. Fluid in the lungs can cause shortness of breath, a common symptom of congestive heart failure.

    If the heart is having serious difficulty with pumping, then you might experience edemaa buildup of blood fluid in the feet, ankles, and legs.

    How To Use The Congestive Heart Failure Life Expectancy Calculator

    To find a person’s survival odds with our heart failure life expectancy calculator, you’ll need the exact values of:

    • The age of the patient
    • The patient’s weight/height, or BMI
    • Their creatinine levels – creatinine is a product of the muscles’ metabolism. It is found at increased levels when the kidneys do not work properly
    • Ejection Fraction – the amount of blood that is pushed out of the heart during systole, out of the total amount of blood in the heart and
    • Systolic blood pressure – the larger value of the blood pressure measurement made during a routine blood pressure check-up, given in mmHg.

    In addition, you need to answer the following questions:

  • What’s your patient’s sex?
  • Does your patient take angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors , for example, captopril, or angiotensin II receptor blockers ?
  • Does your patient take beta-blockers, for example, propranolol, metoprolol, bisoprolol?
  • Was your patients heart failure diagnosed 18 months ago?
  • What’s your patient’s NYHA class?
  • Does your patient suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ?
  • Does your patient still smoke? Or have they managed to quit?
  • Does your patient suffer from diabetes?
  • You May Like: What Does It Mean If Your Heart Rate Is High

    What Procedures And Tests Diagnose Congestive Heart Failure

    Congestive heart failure can be a medical emergency, especially if it acutely decompensates and the patient can present extremely ill with the inability to breathe adequately. In this situation, the ABCs of resuscitation need to be addressed while at the same time, the diagnosis of congestive heart failure is made.

    Common tests that are done to help with the diagnosis of congestive heart failure include the following:

    • Electrocardiogram to help assess heart rate, rhythm, and indirectly, the size of the ventricles and blood flow to the heart muscle.
    • Blood tests may include a complete blood count , electrolytes, glucose, BUN, and creatinine .
    • B-type natriuretic peptide may help decide if a patient has shortness of breath from congestive heart failure or a different cause. It is a chemical that is located in the heart ventricles and may be released when these muscles are overloaded.
    • Echocardiography or ultrasound testing of the heart is often recommended to assess the anatomy and the function of the heart. In addition to being able to evaluate the heart valves and muscle, the test can look at blood flow within the heart, watch the chambers of the heart contract, and measure the ejection fraction .

    Other tests may be considered to evaluate and monitor a patient with suspected congestive heart failure, depending upon the clinical situation.

    How Does Heart Failure Affect The Quality Of Life And Lifestyle

    Congestive Heart failure: Causes and Types

    With the right care and treatment plan, many adults still enjoy life even though heart failure limits their activities. How well you feel depends on:

    • How well your heart muscle is working.
    • Your symptoms.
    • How well you respond to your treatment plan.
    • How well you follow your treatment plan.

    This includes caring for yourself by:

    • Taking your medications.
    • Tracking and reporting new or worsening symptoms to your provider.
    • Keeping regular follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider.

    Because heart failure is a chronic, long-term illness, talk to your doctor and your family about your preferences for medical care. You can complete an advance directive or living will to let everyone involved in your care know what you want. A living will details the treatments you do or dont want to prolong your life. Its a good idea to prepare a living will while you are well in case you arent able to make these decisions at a later time.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    If you have heart failure, you can take steps to improve your heart health. Take your medications as instructed, follow a low-sodium diet, stay active or become physically active, take notice of sudden changes in your weight, live a healthy lifestyle, keep your follow-up appointments and track your symptoms. Talk to your healthcare provider about questions or concerns you have about your medications, lifestyle changes or any other part of your treatment plan.

    References

    You May Like: How To Know If You’re Having A Heart Attack

    Prognosis Of Congestive Heart Failure In Elderly Patients With Normal Versus Abnormal Left Ventricular Systolic Function Associated With Coronary Artery Disease

    • AffiliationsFrom the Hebrew Hospital for Chronic Sick, 2200 Givan Avenue, Bronx, New York 10475, USAFrom the Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, USAFrom the Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    • AffiliationsFrom the Hebrew Hospital for Chronic Sick, 2200 Givan Avenue, Bronx, New York 10475, USAFrom the Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, USAFrom the Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA
    • AffiliationsFrom the Hebrew Hospital for Chronic Sick, 2200 Givan Avenue, Bronx, New York 10475, USAFrom the Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, USAFrom the Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA

    Diagnosing Heart Failure Before It Shows

    If you have no symptoms or signs of heart failure, how can you be diagnosed with heart failure? Some people are at a much higher risk of developing heart failure than others. By diagnosing you with stage A heart failure, your doctor will monitor your heart health closely, and suggest treatments that may ward off heart failure signs for as long as possible. A few examples of people who are at risk of developing heart failure include those who have:

    • A family history of heart failure

    • Chronic medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, or coronary heart disease

    • A history of alcohol abuse

    • Taken medications, like chemotherapy, that could damage heart tissue

    Don’t Miss: How Does Exercise Affect Your Heart Rate

    What Are The Symptoms Of End

    Heart Failure: Quick Facts

    1. More than 6 million U.S. adults have heart failure.

    2. About half of people who develop heart failure die within 5 years of diagnosis.

    3. Most people with end-stage heart failure have a life expectancy of less than 1 year.

    4. The leading causes of heart failure are diseases that damage the heart, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

    Heart failure worsens over time, so symptoms are most severe during the final stages. It causes fluid to build up in the body, which produces many of these symptoms:

    • Shortness of breath . In the final stages of heart failure, people feel breathless both during activity and at rest.
    • Persistent coughing or wheezing. This may produce white or pink mucus. The cough may be worse at night or when lying down.
    • Weight gain or swelling of the feet, ankles, legs, abdomen, or neck veins.
    • Tiredness, weakness.

    In addition, people in the final stages of heart failure may suffer from:

    • depression, fear, insomnia, and isolation
    • anxiety about their future
    • trouble navigating the health care system

    About Congestive Heart Failure

    Early Stages of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

    Heart failure, sometimes called congestive cardiac failure , is a condition in which the heart muscle is weakened and cant pump as well as it usually does. The main pumping chambers of the heart can change size and thickness, and either cant contract or cant relax as well as they should. This triggers fluid retention, particularly in the lungs, legs and abdomen.

    The major causes of heart failure include coronary heart disease and heart attack, high blood pressure, damage to the heart muscle , heart valve problems and abnormal heart rhythms. Of these, coronary heart disease and heart attack are the most common causes.

    The major factors that contribute to coronary heart disease include:

    • reduced emotional and social wellbeing
    • physical inactivity.

    Heart failure is more common in elderly people. The survival rate for people with this disorder depends on the severity of their condition.

    Most common treatments for heart failure are medications and self-managed lifestyle changes. Some less-common treatments may require insertion of implantable cardiac devices or valve replacement.

    You May Like: Why Is My Resting Heart Rate Increasing

    How Is Heart Failure Treated/managed

    Treatment of heart failure depends on the underlying cause and this will direct the main treatment to prevent further deterioration. Heart failure can be cured if it has a treatable cause.

    If the causes are due to coronary heart disease then the patient may require coronary stents or . If there is a heart valve cause, then the defective valve will need surgery to repair or replace the valve.

    All heart failure patients will need:

    • Lifestyle changes including eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and stopping smoking and watching fluid intake and reduce alcohol consumption.
    • Medicine a range of medicines can help many people need to take three to four different types which have evidence to show they strengthen the heart and improve prognosis. This includes beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, ARNI and SGLT2 inhibitors. Other medicines, such as diuretics, may be used to help with the symptoms.

    In cases where patients are seen to be experiencing continued deteriorating heart function despite the best and optimal medication, the following may be considered:

    • Cardiac resynchronising therapy In very severe heart failure conditions, a specialised type of pacemaker has shown to benefit and improve symptoms as well as prolonging life by resynchronising the contractility of the two main pumping chambers of the heart.
    • Cardiac transplant If there is no scope for recovery and the condition deteriorates then in suitable patients, a heart transplant may be considered.

    More articles

    Popular Articles