How Hard Should I Work Out
You need to raise your heart rate to a certain level called your Target Heart Rate and keep it there for 20 minutes to increase your cardiovascular fitness.
To figure out your Target Heart Rate, use this formula: x 70%.
For example, if you are 28, it would look like this: 220 – 28 = 192 x 70% = 134 beats/minute.
To check your heart rate during exercise, count your pulse for 10 seconds, then multiply by 6. Compare this to your target rate.
A quick and easy way to assess your level of exertion is to do the “talk test” while exercising. Rate your ability to talk on a scale from 1-10, with 1 being no breathlessness and easy conversation and 10 being extreme breathlessness and inability to talk during exercise.
- If you rate your level of breathlessness between a 1 and 4, you can have a somewhat regular conversation while working out and you are working below 50-60% of your maximum heart rate.
- If you rate your level of breathlessness between 5-10, your sentences are broken, or you are only able to get in a few words and you are working at 70% or above your maximum heart rate.
Heart Rate Training Zones
Efficient training plans utilize heart rate training zones, which are calculated in relation to your HR max. One option for working out with your HRM is to simply follow one of its predefined workout routines without thinking deeply about the underlying heart rate data that your device uses to set up and monitor zones associated with your workout.
HRMs also give you the option to set up your own heart rate zones from training plans youve found and want to follow. Names associated with heart rate zones and heart rates that define them varysometimes it can seem like there are as many variations as there are coaches. The key is that different heart rate levels engage different aspects of your physiology, and a good training plan will work in multiple zones to improve overall performance.
The American Heart Association offers a two-zone breakdown to simplify things for people who might be embarking on a new fitness regime:
- Moderate intensity: 50%-70% of HR max
- Vigorous intensity: 70%-85% of HR max
If youve been sedentary for a while and are beginning a new exercise program, first check with your doctor, then start out in the moderate zone. As you become fitter, you can do some training in the vigorous zone.
Eventually, you can transition to training plans that use a multi-zone approach. Below is one example of multiple heart rate zones that can be used for training:
How To Find Your Target Heart Rate
First, it helps to know your resting heart rate, Martin says. Find your pulse . Then count the number of beats in a minutethats your resting heart rate. The average resting heart rate is between 60 and 100, he says. The more fit you are, the lower your resting heart rate for very fit people, its in the range of 40 to 50 beats per minute.
Target heart rate is generally expressed as a percentage of your maximum safe heart rate. The maximum rate is based on your age, as subtracted from 220. So for a 50-year-old, maximum heart rate is 220 minus 50, or 170 beats per minute. At a 50 percent exertion level, your target would be 50 percent of that maximum, or 85 beats per minute. At an 85 percent level of exertion, your target would be 145 beats per minute. Therefore, the target heart rate that a 50-year-old would want to aim for during exercise is 85 to 145 beats per minute.
But theres an easier way to figure it out if you want to skip the math: Wear a fitness tracking device, or exercise on a treadmill or other machine that calculates target heart rate for you, Blaha suggests.
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Whats An Ideal Target Heart Rate
Your target heart rate during exercise should be between 50% to 85% of your MHR, depending on what type of exercise you are doing and for what purpose.
For example, if you want to improve your endurance, you should do long training sessions at low intensity. If your aim is to improve your cardiovascular health, then high-intensity interval training is what you should try.
Whats The Ideal Heart Rate Zone
Heart rate zones are based on your MHR. Each one is a percentage of your MHR and corresponds with different levels of effort.
- 50-60% of MHR: This is a relatively low level of effort you would use during a warm-up or cool down. In this zone, youre still able to have a normal conversation.
- 60-70% of MHR: Youre still able to carry on a conversation, but your breathing is becoming heavier.
- 70-80% of MHR: You can still speak a few words at a time, but its tough.
- 80-90% of MHR: Youre working at a pace that feels unsustainable for a prolonged period of time, and speaking is no longer an option.
- 90-100% of MHR: This is your all-out sprint pace, which you can only sustain for a minute or two .
Your ideal heart rate zone depends on the type of workout youre doing. If youre doing a steady run, for example, you want to be exercising at about 65%-75% of your MHR , Thieme says. But if youre doing intervals, you want to be hitting 80%-90% of your MHR during your work intervals.
The key is to understand your target heart rate zone and commit to it. Regularly pushing past it can negatively impact your performance in other workouts and lead to overtraining, while consistently going too easy can slow your progress toward your goals, Thieme says.
What Exactly Is Heart Rate Tracking
Heart rate tracking is a technique to determine how a specific workout or work overload affects heart rate. It can be determined using a fitness band or detectors on cardio equipment that provide hearts beats per minute . Each of the five heart rate regions corresponds to the frequency and supports working or exercising in that region.
Zone 1: Very low MHR, between 50 and 60 percent.
Zone 2: Light .
Zone 3: Moderate, with an MHR of 70% to 80%.
Zone 4:Extremely difficult, with MHR ranging from 80% to 90%.
Zone 5: Extremely difficult, requiring 90 percent to 100 percent MHR.
Is Resting Heart Rate Different By Age
For most of us , between 60 and 100 beats per minute is normal.1 The rate can be affected by factors like stress, anxiety, hormones, medication, and how physically active you are. An athlete or more active person may have a resting heart rate as low as 40 beats per minute. Now thats chill!
When it comes to resting heart rate, lower is better. It usually means your heart muscle is in better condition and doesnt have to work as hard to maintain a steady beat. Studies have found that a higher resting heart rate is linked with lower physical fitness and higher blood pressure and body weight.2
What Should My Heart Rate Be During Exercise
Are you not pushing yourself enough, or pushing yourself too hard when you exercise? If you are looking to get more involved in a cardio exercise routine, knowing your maximum heart rate is a key tool in deciding how vigorous your exercises should be. It will also help you to track how effective your workouts are!
Moderate exercises are a great way to improve your fitness level and heart health, especially if you have underlying conditions that make fitness a challenging task for you. If you are engaging in moderate cardio, your breathing should be faster paced than normal, but not uncomfortable. You should not be sweating intensely during exercises like these. For example, this type of exercise can be compared to a briskly paced walk. Other examples of moderate paced exercises include: water aerobics, slow biking, and leisurely swimming.
A vigorous exercise is a lot more intense than a moderate one. You will notice that during these exercises, you are more out of breath, talking in full sentences will be more difficult, and you will most likely be sweating more. Vigorous exercises can be as simple as speeding up a normal paced walk into a brisk walk, faster paced jogging, or even hopping on a low impact elliptical machine.
Lets look at what your target heart rate should be for both of these categories:
Maximum Heart rate = 220
How To Determine Your Ideal Heart Rate
As you can tell, your ideal heart rate is dependent on many factors, so determining an ideal can take practice and self-monitoring. Mehta has this advice: It is important to know that there is no heart rate that is necessarily too low or too high with exertion. I would base these levels more on how an individual feels. For example, when I exert myself too much, my heart rate is 180 bpm, and I feel very short of breath. In this case, training to an HR of 180 appears too high, whereas, for others, it can be normal.
With that said, there are methods of determining your ideal heart rate based on the maximal heart rate for your age. A simple calculation is 220 minus your age equals maximal heart rate. Two other more complicated, however perhaps more accurate formulas are:
Tanakas Formula :
208 minus = maximum heart rate
Gulatis Formula :
206 minus = maximum heart rate
This number is purely hypothetical since many people cannot attain their maximal heart rate because doing so is simply too uncomfortable. High-level athletes can maintain and even surpass their theoretical maximal heart rates, says Burns.
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After: Refuel Your Tank
After your workout, Ms. Platt recommends refueling with:
- Fluids. Drink water, of course. Blend your water with 100% juice such as orange juice which provides fluids, carbohydrates.
- Carbohydrates. You burn a lot of carbohydrates the main fuel for your muscles when you exercise. In the 20-60 minutes after your workout, your muscles can store carbohydrates and protein as energy and help in recovery.
- Protein. Eat things with protein to help repair and grow your muscles.
Its important to realize that these are general guidelines. We have different digestive systems and a lot depends on what kind of workout youre doing, Platt said.So do what works best for you. Know that what you put in your body is as important as you what you do with your body . Both are crucial to keeping your engine performing at its best.
How Does Exercise Affect Heart Rate Over Time
As a person starts to exercise regularly and gain fitness over time, they will be able to exercise within a higher heart rate zone. This is because they are training their heart and muscles to respond to repeat exertion.
People may start out with a target of 50% of their maximum heart rate, but before long, they will be able to comfortably train at a target of 85%.
A 2018 review study found that people can improve their heart health and lower their resting heart rate by exercising regularly. Regular exercise reduces a persons risk of heart attack, stroke, and other medical conditions.
However, the researchers also suggest that continuously high levels of exercise such as marathon running could be harmful to heart health.
Engaging in aerobic and endurance exercises also contributes to improved fitness, increased muscle tone, and improvements in general physical and mental well-being. In fact, one 2016 meta-analysis reports that exercise has a large and significant antidepressant effect on people with depression.
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How Do I Get My Heart Rate In The Target Zone
When you work out, are you doing too much or not enough? Theres a simple way to know: Your target heart rate helps you hit the bullseye so you can get max benefit from every step, swing and squat. Even if youre not a gym rat or elite athlete, knowing your heart rate can help you track your health and fitness level.
The Current Recommendations About Pregnancy Heart Rate
Instead of monitoring pregnancy heart rate, the current medical opinion is that its best to pay attention to perceived moderate exertionotherwise known as the talk test. “During pregnancy, if a woman is able to comfortably carry on a conversation while exercising, it is unlikely that she is overexerting herself,” says Seidelmann.
Now, what does this all mean for working out while pregnant? According to the Centers for Disease Control Prevention , pregnant women should aim to get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity every week. Moderate intensity is defined as moving enough to raise your heart rate and start sweating, while still being able to talk normallybut definitely not sing.
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How Can You Calculate Your Maximum Heart Rate For Peak Performance
Your maximum heart rate is what your heart can handle during physical activity. To reap the benefits from your exercise , you need to reach 55-70% of your maximum heart rate during moderate exercise or 70-85% during vigorous exercise.Get out your calculators, folks. To work out your max heart rate, simply subtract your age from 220.
Letâs take 50-year-old Jenny for example. Jennyâs maximum heart rate is 170 . For the best results, Jenny needs to be working out at around 102 beats per minute during moderate exercise or if sheâs doing something more intensive, 136 beats per minute .
Measuring Your Heart Rate
Watch any medical drama on TV and the first thing youll see the doctor do is measure the patients heart rate. Firstly because yes, it means theyre alive! Secondly, because our heart rate reveals so much about our general health and fitness. For example, a weak pulse or a racing heart rate can be a sign to a medical professional that something is not right.
So what exactly are they checking? By definition, your heart rate means the number of times your heart beats in a minute. The two most common ways to describe heart rate are:
- In beats per minute .
- As a percentage of your maximum heart rate .
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How Do You Measure Your Resting Heart Rate
“You will get more out of your workouts by understanding your heart rate, and zones which you need to play within,” Men’s Health Fitness Director Todd Liubinskas says. “Any wearable tech on the market will be able to monitor and record results effectively.”
While most smart watches and fitness trackers come with an in-built heart rate monitor so you can easily keep tabs on it, if you want to calculate it the old fashion way, all you need to do is find your pulse and do a bit of counting. Find a time when you are relaxed and inactive and place your index and middle finger on the inside of your wrist or either side of your neck. Count the number of beats for 30 second and double it. That is your resting heart rate.
Vigorous Heart Rate Zone
To determine heart rate for exercise with vigorous intensity, you would take your estimated maximal heart rate multiplied by 0.7 to 0.85. Someone 50 years old with an estimated maximal heart rate of 170 beats per minute who wanted to be in a vigorous exercise intensity would be between 119 to 145 beats per minute.
As you continue to exercise, heart rate zones and intensities can change. Speaking with an exercise specialist can help you further determine your target exercise heart rate intensities during your weight loss process.
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Keep Outside In Mind For Less Stress
Spending time in nature can help relieve stress and anxiety, improve your mood, and boost feelings of happiness and wellbeing. Whatever you call it forest bathing, ecotherapy, mindfulness in nature, green time or the wilderness cure — humans evolved in the great outdoors, and your brain benefits from a journey back to nature.
What Is The Heart Rate
Heart rate or pulse rate is the number of times your heart beats in a minute. It is a simple measure to know how much your heart works during rest or activities.
Heart rate is one of the vital signs that are checked regularly whenever you visit your doctor, or when you get admitted to the hospital.
Your heart rate is lower when you are resting and higher when you are doing any kind of activity, or are feeling stressed or anxious.
When you exercise, your heart needs to work harder, which increases your heart rate. As soon as you rest, the heart rate starts decreasing gradually and returns to its normal level, usually within an hour.
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During: Make A Pit Stop
Whether youre a professional athlete who trains for several hours or you have a low to moderate routine, keep your body hydrated with small, frequent sips of water.
Platt notes that you dont need to eat during a workout thats an hour or less. But, for longer, high-intensity vigorous workouts, she recommends eating 50-100 calories every half hour of carbohydrates such as low-fat yogurt, raisins, or banana.
Question: Is It Dangerous For Me To Go Over My Maximum Heart Rate I Wear A Heart Rate Monitor And I Notice That My Heart Rate Sometimes Goes Over 85% When I Am Finishing Leg Weight Training Or Taking A Spinning Class
Answer: First, let’s back up a bit. To determine your target heart rate, subtract your age from 220. That’s your maximum heart rate per minute. Once you know that, follow these tips:
- As a general guide, if you are new to exercise, you should be working at 50-65% of your maximum heart rate. As you progress to an intermediate level, bump it up to 60-75%, then to 70-85% at the highest fitness levels.
- If you have vascular disease and are on prescribed medications that lower your heart rate, the above percentages will not apply and you should consult your physician for guidance.
- It is possible to exceed the upper limit of your zone without any ill effects, as long as you do not have coronary artery disease or are at risk for a heart attack. What it may do, though, is leave you with a musculoskeletal injury.
- Exercising above 85% of your target heart rate could bring you sore joints and muscles. It puts you at risk for overtraining, which may discourage you from exercising, which is altogether unproductive.
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